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1-1 What is the Goal of the Company? Maximization of Shareholder Wealth!

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Presentation on theme: "1-1 What is the Goal of the Company? Maximization of Shareholder Wealth!"— Presentation transcript:

1 1-1 What is the Goal of the Company? Maximization of Shareholder Wealth!

2 1-2 CREATION OF VALUE u Company’s objective is to create value for its shareholders; u Value means market price of the company’s share; u Value creation can be achieved by i. Investing ii. Financing and iii. Dividend/Share repurchase decisions.

3 1-3 Shortcomings of Alternative Perspectives u Could increase current profits while harming firm (e.g., defer maintenance, issue common stock to buy T-bills (govt. securities), etc.). u Ignores changes in the risk level of the firm. Profit Maximization u Maximizing a firm’s earnings after taxes.Problems

4 1-4 Shortcomings of Alternative Perspectives u Does not specify timing or duration of expected returns. u Ignores changes in the risk level of the firm. u Calls for a zero payout dividend policy. Earnings per Share Maximization u Maximizing earnings after taxes divided by shares outstanding.Problems

5 1-5 Strengths of Shareholder Wealth Maximization current and future profits and EPSthe timing, duration, and risk of profits and EPS dividend policy u Takes account of: current and future profits and EPS; the timing, duration, and risk of profits and EPS; dividend policy; and all other relevant factors. share price u Thus, share price serves as a barometer for business performance.

6 1-6 The Modern Corporation There exists a SEPARATION between owners and managers. Modern Corporation ShareholdersManagement

7 1-7 Role of Management agent u An agent is an individual authorized by another person, called the principal, to act in the latter’s behalf. agent Management acts as an agent for the owners (shareholders) of the firm.

8 1-8 Agency Theory u Agency Theory u Agency Theory is a branch of economics relating to the behavior of principals and their agents. agency theory u Jensen and Meckling developed a theory of the firm based on agency theory.

9 1-9 Agency Theory stock options, perquisites, bonuses u Incentives include, stock options, perquisites, and bonuses. incentives monitor u Principals must provide incentives so that management acts in the principals’ best interests and then monitor results.

10 1-10 Social Responsibility socially responsible u Wealth maximization does not preclude the firm from being socially responsible. u Assume we view the firm as producing both private and social goods. shareholder wealth maximization u Then shareholder wealth maximization remains the appropriate goal in governing the firm.

11 1-11 FUNCTIONS OF FINANCE u Investment Decisions u Financing Decisions u Dividend/Share repurchase Decisions “An optimal combination of these three will create value”

12 1-12 Investment Decision u Allocation of capital to future investment proposals (evaluated by expected return and Risk); u Reallocation of capital when an asset no longer economically justifies the capital committed to it; u Managing existing assets efficiently, especially current assets. Most important of the three decisions when it comes to the creation of value.

13 1-13 Financing Decision u What is the best type of financing (Debt or Equity)? u What is the best financing mix (capital structure)? u Implications of variation in capital structure on the valuation of firm. Determine how the assets (LHS of balance sheet) will be financed (RHS of balance sheet).

14 1-14 Dividend/Share Repurchase Decision u Excess cash to distribute to stockholders; u Cash Dividends (directly) and Share repurchase (indirectly); u Best Dividend policy (e.g. Dividend payout ratio)

15 1-15 Organization of the Financial Management Function Board of Directors President (Chief Executive Officer) Vice President Operations Vice President Marketing VP of Finance

16 1-16 Treasurer Capital Budgeting Cash Management Credit Management Dividend Disbursement Fin Analysis/Planning Pension Management Insurance/Risk Mngmt Tax Analysis/Planning Organization of the Financial Management Function VP of Finance Controller Cost Accounting Cost Management Data Processing General Ledger Government Reporting Internal Control Preparing Fin Stmts Preparing Budgets Preparing Forecasts

17 1-17 What is Financial Management? Financial Management endeavors to make optimal investment, financing, and dividend/share repurchase decisions.

18 1-18 Summary of Investing, Financing, & Dividend/Share repurchase decisions To acquire assets and invest in new products and services where expected return exceeds their cost; to finance with those instruments where expected return exceeds their cost, tax or otherwise, and to undertake a meaningful dividend policy for shareholders.


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