Presentation on theme: "AL-QURAN AND SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE -ICHEMTECH GROUP 2-"— Presentation transcript:
AL-QURAN AND SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE -ICHEMTECH GROUP 2-
ASTRONOMY Cosmology Immanuel Kant declared that the universe exists for all time and that every probability, however unlikely, should be regarded as possible. The Expansion of Universe and the Discovery of the Big Bang In the only book revealed by Allah that has survived completely intact, the Qur'an, there are statements about the creation of the universe from nothing as well as how this came about that are parallel to 20th-century knowledge and yet were revealed fourteen centuries ago. He (Allah) is the Originator of the heavens and the earth…(6 : 101) Another important aspect revealed in the Qur'an fourteen centuries before the modern discovery of the Big Bang and findings related to it is that when it was created, the universe occupied a very tiny volume: Do those who are disbelievers not see that the heavens and the earth were sewn together and then We unstitched them and that We made from water every living thing? So will they not have faith? (21 : 30)
SOCIAL SCIENCE SMOKING > (2) > (3) (2) An-Nisa' 4-29. (3) Al-Baqarah 2:195. ALCOHOL "They ask you concerning liquor and gambling, say: In them is great sin and some profit for people, but the sin is greater than the profit." (2:219). Short-term effects of alcohol unconsciouness can occur and extreme levels of consumption can lead to alcohol poisoning and death Long-term effects of alcohol malabsorption, chronic pancreatitis, alcoholic liver desease, and cancer. Damage to the central nervous system and peripheral nervous system
CHEMISTRY the advantages jemaah prayer Surah Al-baqarah verse 43 and 238. A professor of physics in the United States has made a study about the advantages of the jemaah prayers in the Muslim teaching. He said the body contains two electric charges which are positive charge and negative charge. In the process of burning energy, many changes occur between negative charge and positive charge, which causes imbalances in the body. Imbalance charge in the body leads us to feel tired So charges need to be re-balanced to restore the vitality of the body to normal levels. During our jemaah prayers, we are asked to straighten the row, meet shoulder to shoulder and meet feet. Scientific study finds touching between the body and other body prayer members, who are on the left and right us, will stabilize back charges required by the body. It occurs when the charge is excessive, whether negative or positive will be removed.
Secret jemaah prayer from the point of science and health. Revenue Department study biomedical engineering University of Malaya finds every prayer movement has its own benefits that can improve overall health Reported, the studies found that overall the jemaah prayers have better health than prayer alone. According to Dr.Fatimah ibrahim, she said position of the body (posture) in prayer can cure lumbago. Even if we see the doctor, patients are asked to perform exercises such as standing and bending movements of the body like a prayer. the study results found that patients who attend the prayer therapy for a month, which is by making the bow 90 degrees, can reduce waist pain.
Formation of rain In surah an-nur:43, ar-rum:48, az-zukhruf:11 3 phases formation of rain I.foundation material in the rain is moved upward to the air through blew of wind. II.cloud is formed III.raining occurred In the first phase, “..Allah Who sends the Winds...”. The bubbles of water that formed continuously through the ocean start to break and cause the water particles are pushed to the surface of the air. This particles are rich contain of salt, that brought by the wind to the highest level at atmosphere. These particles are called aerosol, that function as water trapped and form the cloud’s drop, by the water vapor that come from the surface of the ocean. In scientific, this is call evaporation process.
In the second phase, “…and they raise the Clouds: then does He spread them in the sky as He wills, and break them into fragments.…”. The cloud is formed by the water vapor that condensed around the salt’s crystal or the small particles in the air. Because of the size of water vapor in the cloud is small with diameter around 0.01 until 0.02 m, the group of particles is hanged and spread in the sky. Thus, the sky is covered by clouds. In the last phase, “…until thou sees rain-drops issue from the midst thereof.…”. Then, the particles become thicker and this will form the rain’s drop. The heavier drops from the air will leave the cloud of cumulus and started to fall to the earth as rain.
PHYSICS IRON Iron: This is the most regularly encountered meteorite. The most common material (90%) is iron, with a smaller amount of nickel mixed in. An example of the meteorites that were irons were the ones that fell at Barringer, Arizona, and Wolf Creek, Australia. ﴿وَأَنزْلْنَا الْحَدِيدَ فِيهِ بَأْسٌ شَدِيدٌ﴾ “…. And We sent down iron in which there lies great force and which has many uses for mankind….” (The Qu’ran,57:25) The word ‘sent down’ particularly use for iron in the verse, could be thought of having a metaphorical meaning to explain that the iron has been given to benefit people. but, when we take into consideration on the literal meaning of the word, which is, “being physically sent down from the sky”, we realize that this verse implies a very significant scientific miracle. "Fall" means the meteorite was witnessed by someone as it fell from the sky. A "find" means the meteorite was not witnessed and the meteorite was found after the fact.
PAIR IN CREATION ﴿سُبْحَـنَ الَّذِى خَلَق الاٌّزْوَجَ كُلَّهَا مِمَّا تُنبِتُ الاٌّرْضُ﴾ “Glory be to Him created all the pairs,from what the earth produces and from themselves and from from things unknown to them.” (The Qu’ran,36:36) Although the concept of “pair” or “couple” commonly stand for male and female, the statement of “from things unknown to them” has wider implications. Today, one of the implications of the verse has been revealed. The british scientist paul dirac, who proposed that matter is created in pairs,was awarded the Nobel Prizes for physics in1993. This discovery, called “parite”, maintains that the matter is pair with its opposites: anti-matter. Anti matter carries the opposites properties to matter. For instances as opposed to matter,the electron of anti matter is positively charged andits protons are negatively charged.
THE RELATIVES OF TIMES This was revealed by Einstein theory’s of relativity at the early years of the 20th century. Yet, the great scientist Albert Einstein openly proved the fact with the theory of relativity. He showed that times is dependent on mass and velocity. With one exception though; the Qur’an included information about time’s being relatives! Some verses about the subject read: (“ ﴿وَيَسْتَعْجِلُونَكَ بِالْعَذَابِ وَلَن يُخْلِفَ اللَّهُ وَعْدَهُ وَإِنَّ يَوْماً عِندَ رَبِّكَ كَأَلْفِ سَنَةٍ مِّمَّا تَعُدُّونَ They ask you to hasten the punishment. God will not break his promise. A day with your lord is equivalent to a thousand years in the way you count.” (The Qur’an, 22:47) ﴿يُدَبِّرُ الاٌّمْرَ مِنَ السَّمَآءِ إِلَى الاٌّرْضِ ثُمَّ يَعْرُجُ إِلَيْهِ﴾ “ He directs the whole affair from heaven to earth. Then it will again ascend to Him on a Day whose length is a thousand years by the way you measure.” (The Qur’an, 32:5)
BIOLOGY The origin of living organisms Do not the Unbelievers see that the heavens and the earth were joined together (as one unit of creation), before we clove them asunder? We made from water every living thing. Will they not then believe? Surah Al anbiya, verse 30 This issue continues to be in human minds since long time ago. According to the scientists study, the life of the organism begins from water. Water is the largest component of living cells. Modern data that derived from science shows that the earliest life organism is plants. Studies show that algae have been found earlier at the time of pre-Cambrian era namely the emergence of the earliest land. Animals may appear later, and also comes from water. Development of embryo 1. The Embryo 2. The Fetus
Determination of gender Human body cells consist of genetic material known as chromosomes. In human soma cells has 46 chromosomes (23 pairs of chromosomes). 22 pairs of chromosomes called the world again are autosome meanwhile the other pairs is called sex chromosomes. Female sex chromosome contains pairs of XX chromosome and male sex consists of XY chromosome. During fertilization, one ovum with the X chromosome is fertilized by a sperm carrying the X chromosome or Y. If the ovum is fertilized by a sperm carrying the X chromosome then the child is female and vice versa. This shows that the gender of child is determined by the seed of men. Distinction of human fingerprint Fingerprint is the best method to determine for someone identity. Recently, there are other ways that have been used to determine the introduction to someone specifically the composition of DNA and also through the arrangement of teeth. However, these methods cannot be used for twins since are same between one another. Therefore, using fingerprints method is better. I do call to witness the Resurrection Day; And I do call to witness the self- reproaching spirit: (Eschew Evil). Does man think that We cannot assemble his bones? Nay, We are able to put together in perfect order the very tips of his fingers. Surah Al Qiyamah, verse 1-4
Skins as a sense Skin is an organ that is sensitive to touches, stimulation cool, heat, pain and pressure. Skin covers up the entire the human body. Therefore, it is the largest organ of human. Outer surface of the skin is called the epidermis. It always replaced to improve, and protect body from germs, dusts, and ultraviolet light.