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Presentation on theme: ". ZOOM ZOOM POWERS OF 10 FROM MICRO TO MACRO COSMOS."— Presentation transcript:



3 This is a trip at high speed, jumping distances by a factor of 10. We’ll start with 10 0 (equivalent to 1 meter), and will increase the size by a factor of 10, or 10 1 (10 meters), 10 2 (10x10 = 100 meters, 10 3 (10x10x10 = 1,000 meters), 10 4 (10x10x10x10 = 10,000 meters), so on, until we reach the limit of our imagination in the direction of the macro cosmos. Later we’ll return, a little faster, back to the point where we started & continue our trip in the opposite direction reducing distances of travel by factors of 10 into the micro cosmos. We will observe the constancy of the laws of the universe and think about how much the human race still needs to learn...


5 Distance to a bunch of leaves in the garden meter

6 Starting our trip upwards.... We can see the foliage meters

7 At this distance we can see the limits of the forest and the edifications meters

8 We will pass from meters to kilometers.. Now it is possible to jump with a parachute km

9 The city could be observed but we really can’t see the houses km

10 At this height, the state of Flórida - USA, is just coming into view km

11 Typical sight from a satellite ,000 km

12 The northern hemisphere of Earth, and part of South America ,000 km

13 The Earth starts looking small ,000 km

14 The Earth and the Moon’s órbit in white Millión km

15 Part of the Earth’s Orbit in blue Million km

16 Million km Órbits of: Venus and Earth...

17 Órbits of: Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars and Júpiter Billión km

18 At this height of our trip, we could observe the Solar System and the orbits of the planets Billion km

19 Billion km The Solar System starts looking small...

20 The Sun now is a small star in the middle of thousands of stars Trillión km

21 At one light-year the little Sun star is very small light-year

22 Here we will see nothing in the infinity light-years

23 “Nothing” Only stars and Nebulae light-years

24 ,000 light-years At this distance we are travelling in the Via-Láctea (Milky Way), our galaxy.

25 We continue our travel inside the Via-Láctea (Milky Way) ,000 light-years

26 We begin reaching the periphery of the Via-Láctea (Milky Way) ,000 light-years

27 At this tremendous distance we can see the entire Via-Láctea (Milky Way) & other galáxies as well Millión light-years

28 From this distance, all the galaxies look small with immense empty spaces in between. The same laws are ruling all bodies of the Universe. We could continue traveling upwards with our imagination, but now let’s return home quickly Million light-years

29 10 22

30 10 21

31 10 20

32 10 19

33 10 18

34 10 17

35 10 16

36 10 15

37 10 14

38 10 13

39 10 12

40 10 11

41 10

42 10 9

43 10 8

44 10 7

45 10 6

46 10 5

47 10 4 Questions that come to mind... Who are we? Where are we going? Where did we come from?

48 10 3 Or... What do we represent in the Universe?

49 10 2 In this trip “upwards” we went to the power of 23 of 10

50 10 1 Now we are going to dig inside of matter in a reverse (inverse) trip...

51 We arrive at our starting point. We could touch it with our hands

52 Getting closer at 10 cm...We can delineate the leaves Centímeters

53 At this distance it is possible to observe the structure of the leaf Centímeter

54 The cellular structures begin to show Millímeter

55 The cells can be delineated. You can see the union between them microns

56 Starting our trip inside the cell microns

57 The nucleus of the cell is visible micrón

58 Again we changed the measuring unit to adapt to the miniscule size. You can see the chromosomes Nanometers

59 In this micro universe the DNA chain is visible Nanometers

60 ...the chromosóme blocks can be observed Nanometer

61 It appears like clouds of electrons... These are carbon átoms that formed our world. You should notice the resemblance of the micro cosmos with the macro cosmos Angstrom

62 In this miniature world we could observe the electrons orbiting the atoms Picometers

63 An immense empty space between the nucleus and the electron orbits Picómeter

64 At this incredible and minuscule size we could observe the nucleus of the atom Femtómeters

65 Now we could observe the nucleus of the carbon atom Femtómeters

66 Here we are in the field of the scientific imagination, face to face with a proton Femtómeter

67 Examine the ‘quark’ partícules There is nowhere further to go... We are at the limits of current scientific knowledge. This is the limit of matter Attómeters

68 And now... Do you know you are special to the Creator? He loves you for who you are! GOD Bless you!

69 Hope you enjoyed the trip. The End!


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