Presentation on theme: "(non-possessiveness) A New Economic Paradigm For A Culture of Peace"— Presentation transcript:
1(non-possessiveness) A New Economic Paradigm For A Culture of Peace Global Coalition for Peacepresents“APARIGRAHA”(non-possessiveness)A New Economic Paradigm For A Culture of Peace
2No Economic, Political, Military Or Any Other “ IF WE DO NOT MAKE A PEACEFUL REVOLUTION POSSIBLE, WE WILL MAKE A VIOLENT REVOLUTION INEVITABLE.” President John F. KennedyNo Economic, Political, Military Or Any OtherSystem Will Bring Peace And Prosperity To The World; Only A Rising Level Of Consciousness Of Humanity Through The Pursuit of Truth Can Bring About This Transformation.Essene Brother hood/Aparigraha
3“IN THE COUNCILS OF GOVERNMENT, WE MUST GUARD AGAINST THE ACQUISITION OF UNWARRANTED INFLUENCE, WHETHER SOUGHT OR UNSOUGHT BY THE MILITARY/INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX. THE POTENTIAL FOR THE DISASTROUS RISE OF MISPLACED POWER EXISTS AND WILL PERSIST.”“EVERY GUN THAT IS MADE, EVERY WARSHIP LAUNCHED, EVERY ROCKET FIRED SIGNIFIES, IN THE FINAL SENSE, A THEFT FROM THOSE WHO HUNGER AND ARE NOT FED, THOSE WHO ARE COLD AND ARE NOT CLOTHED. THIS WORLD IN ARMS IS NOT SPENDING MONEY ALONE, IT IS SPENDING THE SWEAT OF ITS LABORERS, THE GENIUS OF ITS SCIENTISTS, THE HOPES OF ITS CHILDREN. UNDER THE CLOUD OF THREATENING WAR, IT IS HUMANITY HANGING FROM A CROSS OF IRON. “ President Dwight D. Eisenhower
4Weapons Sales and “Military Assistance” From Associated Press July 30, 2007Secretary of State Condoleeza Rice announced a new multibillion dollar military sales package:The new sales to Arab countries, notably Saudi Arabia, would be counterbalanced with a more than 25 percent increase in military aid to Israel over the next 10 years, enabling the Jewish state to keep its military advantage over neighbors with whom it has no peace deal.Israel will receive a total of $30 billion in U.S. military assistance while Egypt, which along with Jordan has made peace with Israel, will get $13 billion as part of the broader package
5Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. “I KNEW THAT I COULD NEVER AGAIN RAISE MY VOICE AGAINST THE VIOLENCE OF THE OPPRESSED IN THE GHETTOS WITHOUT HAVING FIRST SPOKEN CLEARLY TO THE GREATEST PURVEYOR OF VIOLENCE IN THE WORLD TODAY -- MY OWN GOVERNMENT……A NATION THAT CONTINUES YEAR AFTER YEAR TO SPEND MORE MONEY ON MILITARY DEFENSE THAN ON PROGRAMS OF SOCIAL UPLIFT IS APPROACHING SPIRITUAL DEATH.”Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.“I KNOW NOT WITH WHAT WEAPONS WORLD WAR III WILL BE FOUGHT, BUT WORLD WAR IV WILL BE FOUGHT WITH STONE CLUBS.”Professor Albert Einstein
6"We may be passing into an economic stage, in which wars and governments will be mainlybusinesses...The economic motive may yet rankwith religion and nationality in destructiveness.” T.E. LawrenceWe are at a crossroads, having come full circle from T.E. Lawrence’sprophetic words of World War I-- back in the Middle East, this timefacing the reality of these warnings.It is thus undeniable that economics as practiced is the instrument ofempire building; seen in this light, it becomes an imperative to revisiteconomics with emphasis on the prevalent systems.This paradigm intends to introduce spirituality and elements conducive to raising the level of consciousness and providing a road map for realpeace through non-violence.
7Theory of the New Paradigm Stage I:Theory of the New ParadigmPart 1: The Need for a Paradigm Shift Part 2: Core PrinciplesPart 3: Spirituality and Economics
8Parameters of this Paradigm: 1. No economic system intended for the benefit ofthe collectivity can or should be imposed. It mustbe embraced by people based on the content ofits message.2. A paradigm must prove its assertions are viable and demonstrate that it can deliver theenvisioned results.A system must rest on historic background, and be bold enough to sustain a vision of untreaded paths.
9Why We Must Redefine Economics The Prevailing Materialistic Systems:Capitalist/Free Market EconomySupply and demand create distorted values - Needs and wants perceived as unlimited -Fuels ever increasing competition and consumerism/greed - Competition leads to violence.Communist EconomyState Capitalism - Spirituality actively suppressed - Diversity and uniqueness are not appreciated. Leads to abuse of power, corruption and massive resentment.Both systemsTurn societies into economies of war (over resources, expansionism, etc.) Leads to overt and covert suppression of personal and collective freedoms.
10The Necessary Shift in Consciousness Present SystemsNew ParadigmMaterialismHuman-made LawsSpirituality and MaterialismNatural,Spiritual,Cosmic LawsCultivateshigher levels of consciousness: love, non-violence, cooperation, compassionStimulatesbaser instincts: hoarding,greed, violence, abuse of power.
11Why Spirituality As A Component? To understand reality and be able to conduct our lives to a proper end and understand the purpose of our existence we must recognize that there is another dimension or world even more real than the physicalEven materialistic science has recognized and accepted the existence of subtle forces that can not be perceived by our senses: (i.e. x-rays, laser, radio waves )Economics, as every other area of human activity, needs to incorporate the spiritual aspect that will bring it in line with natural, spiritual, and cosmic laws, to deny it is to live a half truth.How we earn our living and what kind of economic relationships we engage in determines the kind of world we choose to live in.
12Every individual of society must be given the opportunity to earn their:Right Livelihood --work which causes no harm ordegradation, nor is useless to society.Right Livelihood by E.F. Schumacher….“Right livelihood" is one of the requirements of the Buddha’s noble eightfold path. It is clear, therefore, that there must be such a thing as Buddhist economics.Economists themselves, like most specialists, normally suffer from a kind of metaphysical blindness, assuming that theirs is a science of absolute and invariable truths, without any presuppositions. Some go as far as to claim that economic laws are as free from "metaphysics" or "values" as the law of gravitation…
13An Economic System Must Consider:Human suffering and environmental destruction should not be the result of economic activities.Uphold:Respect towards all sentient beings and all aspects of creation.Replace:Current exploitation and degradation with equality, dignity and evolution.
14Our Definition of Aparigraha Economics Aparigraha Economics is a normative social science that studies social behavior seeking means to provide for the satisfaction of universal, finite needs and specific, limited wants. This is in order to ensure the happiness of all human beings based on their spiritual, physical, mental, emotional and psychological make-up.Economics as a spiritual and material science guides the allocation of the planet’s abundant, natural, material, manufactured and human resources to enable people to live productive, happy and meaningful lives in cooperation and to act as stewards of the planet and responsible members of society.
16The foundation of present economic theory : scarcity, competition, incentives & free market are essentially of a destructive nature.We propose to substitute these death supporting principles for life affirming ones: abundance, cooperation, right motivation, and solidarity based exchange.
17Scarcity Scarcity Aparigraha replaces ScarcityBASED ON FEARScarcity being the basis of the economic system inevitably brings suffering to the world.We must understand also how the power of thought influences and causes destructive outcomes.Scarcity
18Abundance Abundance With BASED ON TRUST The term abundance should not be confused with excess or unlimited satisfaction of wants. Mother Nature’s abundance provides enough for everybody’s needs, not anybody’s greed.Abundance
19Competition Competition Aparigraha replaces THERE IS ALWAYS A LOSER. When we compete, thinking there is scarcity of resources, we tend to hoard and to take from other people – when this becomes endemic the outcome is WAR.Competition
20Cooperation Cooperation With EVERYBODY WINS Collective work yields a higher outputthan individual work.When this becomes a practice, harmonyEnsues; love and solidarity flourish.Cooperation
21Incentives Incentives Aparigraha replaces STIMULATE GREED When the will is stimulated by a self-serving interest, the goal of fulfillment for all will not be reached, and the gap between those who have and those who have not widens.Incentives
22“Dharma” Right Motivation With“Dharma”RighteousnessGandhiRight MotivationCONCERN FOR ALLThe soul-force must be the motivating impulse. When this highest call of the soul summons the will to act, it results in actions beneficial to the planet and to all humanbeings.Responsible actionsPeace Pilgrim
23Free market Aparigraha Replaces Sweat Shops SWEAT SHOPS System based on man-made regulations and laws encourages manipulation to attain increasing profit for the few at the expense of the many.Unsustainable growth destroys livelihood of people and the planet.Sweat Shops
24Solidarity based exchange withSolidarity based exchangeTRADE BASED ON VALUESRespect for Natural, Spiritual, and Cosmic Laws is the basis of Solidarity based exchange, that creates satisfactory economic conditions for all people. This means generating work and income, abolishing all forms of exploitation, domination and exclusion, protecting ecosystems and promoting sustainable development.
26The Source of this new Paradigm is The Perennial PhilosophyIs the basis for all World Religions like Christianity, Judaism, Islam, etc. and of all Natural and Spiritual Sciences in the East, i.e. Yoga, Buddhism, Taoism etc. Affirms Unity in Diversity, says we are all unique individuals, but same Spirit within.Basic Tenets are:Physical world is not the only realityAll people possess the capacity to know higher realityDeveloping this capacity is the purpose of existenceBody is temporal, spirit is eternal
27World Religions Preach on Economics : The duty of those who have is to share with those who have less Generosity is upheld, greed is strongly condemned.Human life is not only material.All material goods are in trust from a Higher Power.(One new “religion” does not share these values as we will see.)BuddhismThe Five Precepts: "Aware of the suffering caused by exploitation, social injustice, stealing, and oppression…. I will practice generosity by sharing my time, energy, and material resources with those who are in real need.”Judaism (Torah, Writings & Prophets):Deuteronomy 15: 7-14: “Thou shalt open thine hand wide to thy brother…”Hinduism (Bhagavad-Gita)Chapter 16: “The demoniac man knows no limit to his desire to acquire money. Anyone who comes into competition with such a …man is his enemy …Therefore there is constant strife, war and enmity all over the world.”Christianity (New Testament)Luke 3:11: “He that hath two coats, let him impart to him that hath none…”Islam (Qur’an)Surat 64: “Spend in charity for the benefit of your own Soul.”“Judaism, Christianity & Islam prohibit taking of interest.”Bernard Lietaer
28The God of The New “Religion”: MONEY From Capitalism has emerged this new religion with the Financial Institutions as its cathedrals and the wealthiest of the wealthiest as its High Priests; this religion, whose practices are the worship of materialism and its deity “money,” has accomplished-- in the words of E.F. Schumacher-- in three decades what conventional religions have not been able to accomplish in more than 2000 years: that is, the conversion-- conscious or unconscious-- of the majority of the population of the planet (unconscious because deceit is its preferred practice.)Money in the right context can be a Tool for Good !Re-orient investment from Weapons,Technology and Luxuries and give priority to Essential NeedsPay Fair Prices For Food
29Thomas Jefferson 1802"I believe that banking institutions are more dangerous to our liberties than standing armies. If the American people ever allow private banks to control the issue of their currency, first by inflation, then by deflation, the banks and corporations that will grow up around the banks will deprive the people of all property until their children wake-up homeless on the continent their fathers conquered."
31Deep Ecology - Arne Naess Deep ecological awareness recognizes the fundamental interdependence of all phenomena and the fact that as individuals and societies, we are all embedded in (and ultimately dependent on) the cyclical process of nature.It is spiritual or religious awareness. When the concept of the human spirit is understood as the mode of consciousness in which the individual feels a sense of belonging, of connectedness to the cosmos as a whole, it becomes clear that it is spiritual in its deepest sense.It is, therefore, not surprising that the emerging new vision of reality based on deep ecological awareness is consistent with the so-called perennial philosophy of spiritual traditions, whether we talk about the spirituality of Christian Mystics, that of Buddhists, or the philosophy and cosmology underlying the Native American Tradition.Fritjof Capra
32YOGA The Catalyst used for the Paradigm Shift Yoga is not a religion based on belief,faith,or dogma,a mere fitness regime or the “only path.”As an exact experiential spiritual science, enables us to recognize and work with subtle,spiritual/ cosmic forces that are operating in us and the environment; the application of its principles ledus to develop an alternative to the prevailing economic systems.
33Maharishi Patanjali’s famous Yoga Sutras’ Eight Limbs or steps: Yamas & Niyamas, (ethical disciplines) Asanas (postures), Pranayama (control of prana), Pratyahara (control of the senses), Dharana (concentration), Dhyana (meditation), Samadhi (enlightenment)Yamas and Niyamas, are the foundation and guiding principles for societal and economic relationships to create the world of happiness that we all long for.What are they?
34YAMAS : AHIMSA (non-violence) Violence is the coward’s weapon. SATYA (truthfulness) Trust in each other is the basis of solidarity, the realization that we are all ONE.ASTEYA (non-stealing) Accumulation of wealth is taking away from those is need.BRAHMACHARYA (self-restraint) Without this practice justice will never prevail.APARIGRAHA (non-greed) Greed destroys the humanity within and humanity as a whole.
35NIYAMAS:SAUCHA (purity) Is the removal of obstacles in all areas of our existence.SANTOSHA (contentment) Correct understanding of abundance. Not excess, but what is necessary.TAPAS (austerities) Is the development of discipline through the use of will power.SWADYAYA (self-knowledge) Recognize our limitations so we can overcome them, and realize our true nature.ISHWARA PRANIDHANA (surrender to God) Learn the correct interpretation of THE LAW.
36The LawThe goal of human activity beyond survival is joy; this can not be attained in the absence of Love. Therefore True Love must be a fundamental component of all human and economic endeavors; Love permeating all human activity therefore becomesTHE LAW,of which ancient wisdom speaks.All religions share the theory, what is missing is the practice.Yoga provides the practical tools.
37FOOD & LAND: Restoring the commons Only then will you find that money STAGE IIIA globalized worldNeedsglobalized answersFOOD & LAND: Restoring the commonsOnly after the last tree has been cut downOnly after the last river has been poisonedOnly after the last fish has been caughtOnly then will you find that moneycannot be eaten.Cree Prophecy
38“THE DAY THAT HUNGER IS ERADICATED FROM THE EARTH, THERE WILL BE THE GREATEST SPIRITUAL EXPLOSION THE WORLD HAS EVER KNOWN. HUMANITY CANNOT IMAGINE THE JOY THAT WILL BURST INTO THE WORLD ON THE DAY OF THAT GREAT REVOLUTION."--Federico Garcia Lorca, Spanish poet
39Initial stepsThis paradigm considers that it is imperative to revisit the present trend of destruction of farmland by means of urban development and agricultural malpractice, that is a reflection of the overall destructive societal trend as shown in medicine and business practices.A spiritual base for all societal approaches to lifeis necessary to avoid the total destruction of the planet.Since food is a fundamental necessity and it depends onland, that is our main concern for an economic alternative.
40Basic Needs for All People are: 1. FOODNot only the quantity & quality of food, but the consciousness with which it is grown,handled and used, with respect for Mother Nature and the spiritual forces in it.2. ClothingPractical, simple to manufacture and maintain, avoid becoming a source of competition,functional in the sense that the value of the human being is measured by its being not byits coverings.ShelterAdequate for each climatic condition, using local resources for materials and labor,simple and easy to replace, using human inventiveness to cooperate with nature, notsubdue it. Stimulating cleanliness, order and inspiration for creative endeavors.
41Life is a Manifestation of Spiritual Forces FoodDepends on Agriculture: this determines the relationship of man to nature that is the source of his body to experienceLIFEOUR MOST PRECIOUS POSSESSIONLife is a Manifestation of Spiritual ForcesThese spiritual/cosmic forces act upon us and the food plants. All tissues of which our body is made depend for their constant replacement (at a cellular level) on the raw material that is provided by the food.Life’s quality ultimately depends onphysical, mental, emotional, social, and spiritual Health this has a direct relationship with Food that requires LAND
42American Indian Chief Seattle. The notion of the sacredness and integrity of the land has been constant throughout history to indigenous people around the world, it is better expressed in the words ofAmerican Indian Chief Seattle."The President in Washington sends word that he wishes to buy our land. But how can you buy or sell the sky? the land? The idea is strange to us. If we do not own the freshness of the air and the sparkle of the water, how can you buy them?
43The Aparigraha Paradigm says: Sound Agriculture renders Sound EconomyIf Basic Needs of All Are Met, Materially & SpirituallyHealthier Individuals and Societies will result.The present Capitalist System, with its privatization trend, trickle-down theory, and dependence-producing foreign debt, does not provide security for the people of the world, but instills fear and despondency.Economic Systems must prioritize meeting of basic needs:GOOD QUALITY & QUANTITTY OF FOOD FOR ALL FIRST
44LAND: Prerequisite for Agriculture RequirementAvailable LandHealthy Soil(Small farms) ProblemUrban/ Industrial SprawlAgribusiness/FarmingPrivatization under Capitalism has been taking awayFirst, LAND Now, WATER Next, AIR?… SUNSHINE?Solution:RESTITUTION OF THE COMMONSTO THE PEOPLE OF THE LAND
45Restitution of the Commons FIRST: ensure that federally, state, locally, and community owned lands are preserved, not for sale.SECOND: privately owned lands not being used shall be purchasedfrom owners at market value.THIRD: privately owned land in use would be bought at market price asit becomes available, until all land is recovered from private ownership;inheritance would no longer apply to land.“Death is considered the natural end of one’s property rights.”Dr. Monzer Kahf, Analysis of Islamic EconomyNO LAND WILL BE BOUGHT OR SOLD--ONLY LEASED AT A SET RATE, REVENUES REPLACE TAXES.
46Revenues & Relative Ownership Revenues from land lease that will replace taxes would be distributed amongst local governments: state, county, and city , proportionate to their responsibility to provide services for the area in question.Zoning codes would vary place to place, withAgriculture always having first priority,Second, public spacesThird, urban, commercial, and industrial development.Lessees become “Relative Owners” of land, meaning all structures built upon it.
47The Basis of Aparigraha Economics is AgricultureDaniel Webster: “cultivation of the earth is the most importantlabor of man. When tillage begins, other art follows. The farmers,therefore, are the founders of civilization.”Essenes*: “Man is an integral part of nature. Individual and society’shealth depend on degree of harmony with natural laws/cosmic forcesUnity with nature is the foundation of economy, social relationships,and society. Societies flourish when based on simple agrarian lifestyle, decay when distanced from nature.”Servan-Schreiber: “Number one cause of death worldwide is chronic illness, from poor nutrition. Changing dietary patternsis very best economic investment that society could make.”* E. B. Szekely
48Therefore Providers of Agricultural Services should be encouraged to: *Adopt Cooperative Organization*Maintain Limited Size*Choose Local Services to Build a New and Local Economy
49…”Swords will be beaten into ploughshares and nations will not learn war again………”
50PARADIGM IN PRACTICE WOMENS’ SELF RELIANCE PROGRAM* COOPERATIVE GAMES* Nutrition Education - Vegetable Gardening - Micro-enterpriseCOOPERATIVE GAMES*Everyone wins, or everyone loses; Teach cooperation, sharing, trust, in a fun way. Examples: New America, Earth Game, Harvest Time SPIRITUAL FOOD FOR THE NEW MILLENNIUM *Spiritual Food CSA Mail Order Service COMMUNITY LAND TRUST- SOUTHERN BERKSHIRESLand is not sold, only leasedLOCAL CURRENCY – ANACOSTIA HOURSBuilding Local Economy By Maximizing Trade Within a Definite Region* Programs of Global Coalition for Peace
52Agribusiness Based on Abundance Based on Scarcity Small Farms SATISFY HUMAN NEEDBased on ScarcityAgribusinessCORPORATE GREEDViolence against sentient beingsand against the earth, destructionof the soil by synthetic chemicalagents and the vegetation bygenetic manipulation, can betraced to profit maximizationtheory, which has given rise tofactory farms where animals aremistreated and slaughteredcruelly with no compassion.People who eat this “food” arepoisoned; the land is madebarren, the rivers polluted,and workers health is harmedbeyond recovery.As the Essenes teach, universal history shows that every nation reached its greatest splendor by following the great law of unity between man and nature. Vitality and prosperity flourished when the people lived a simple, natural life of cooperation with nature. Throughout history the relationship with the land has determined the advancement of civilization. The health of the soil and of the food that comes from it demands a form of agriculture that is nurturing from beginning to end. The human body is the ultimate beneficiary and the mind follows, bringing serenity and peace.
53Solidarity Based exchange Based on “Free” MarketsMaquiladoraENSLAVEMENTSolidarity Based exchangeCSASHARED BENEFITSA maquiladora is a factory that is allowed to import materials and equipment on a duty-free and tariff-free basis for assembly or manufacturing and then re-exports the finished product usually to the original country.They are known for inhumane wages and living conditions, in some cases akin to or considered de facto slavery.The nation’s economy of the host suffers great losses.Community Supported Agriculture is an economic relationship for mutual benefit of producer and consumer; its principle is respect for nature in all its manifestations. Farmer and community agree to share the bounty and the risk. Payment in advance avoids the need to borrow from high interest lenders; then if the crop is lost everybody loses not only the farmer, but the loss is distributed with low impact on everybody.
54Based on Right Motivation PERSONAL RESPONSIBILITY RIGHTS & DUTIESBased on IncentivesCORPORATE PRACTICEEXPLOITATIONAn employee/worker is offered extra pay if a certain job is done in a shorter period of time and if the working hours are extended. Family obligations are waiting but this extra amount will allow the person to buy another electronic gadget or any similar materialistic stuff. Family interest takes second place.The extra money might be needed to cover necessary family expenses that cannot be met with the low salary.Material satisfaction will bring excitement not happiness. Real happiness is a soul expression that can only be attained by selfless actions (Karma Yoga). When the humanitarian urge becomes prevalent in a person, all other concerns take second place, raising the consciousness of humanity and providing for its well being, spiritually, physically, mentally, psychologically and emotionallyin an environment of justice, it becomes the person’s guidingprinciple.
55Based on Cooperation CONVENTIONAL GAMES COOPERATIVE GAMES Based on competitionCONVENTIONAL GAMESSTIMULATES SELFISHNESSBased on CooperationCOOPERATIVE GAMESIN CREATION WE ARE ALL ONEFrom a very young age in thefamily home children aretaught to compete to win; touse their intelligence toovercome their brothers,sisters, and friends. Thisprograms future adults to beselfish, deceitful, andpotentially violent in pursuit ofrewards. It creates fear andlow self-esteem in the “losers”and arrogance in the winners.Cooperative games are a new paradigm of learning through fun; they aid & nurture one’s ability to interact with trust and confidence, practicing interdependence, giving and receiving, sharing strategies, insights and ideas to reach the common goal to the benefit of all. Children especially learn a positive pattern of expression and behavior.
56I LIKE TO BELIEVE THAT PEOPLE IN THE LONG RUN ARE GOING TO DO MORE TO PROMOTE PEACE THAN OUR GOVERNMENTS.INDEED, I THINK THAT PEOPLE WANT PEACE SO MUCH THAT ONE OF THESE DAYS GOVERNMENTS HAD BETTER GET OUT OF THE WAY AND LET THEM HAVE IT.Dwight Eisenhower