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10/9/20141 Earthquake Preparedness Christine Hughes, M.D. Regional Medical Officer U.S. Embassy San Salvador.

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Presentation on theme: "10/9/20141 Earthquake Preparedness Christine Hughes, M.D. Regional Medical Officer U.S. Embassy San Salvador."— Presentation transcript:

1 10/9/20141 Earthquake Preparedness Christine Hughes, M.D. Regional Medical Officer U.S. Embassy San Salvador

2 10/9/20142 Two Major Faults

3 The Motagua Fault – Runs East-West from a point 25 km north of GC eastward as far as Puerto Barrios The Mixco Fault – Runs at right angles to Motagua & Lies 10 km West of GC

4 10/9/20144 Two Major Faults

5 10/9/20145 Seismicity of Guatemala ● Depth – km 1990 To 2006

6 10/9/ A Guatemala History 4/19/ : Fatalities 2,000 4/19/ : Fatalities 2,000 8/06/ : Fatalities 38 (West-Central) 8/06/ : Fatalities 38 (West-Central) 2/04/ : Fatalities 23,000 2/04/ : Fatalities 23,000 (160 km N.E. of GC) 6/13/ : (115 km S of GC. Offshore) 6/13/ : (115 km S of GC. Offshore)

7 10/9/20147 How do most injuries from earthquakes occur? How do most injuries from earthquakes occur? Collapsing walls? Collapsing walls?

8 10/9/20148 Earthquake Preparedness Most injuries occur from flying objects and heavy things falling off shelves Most injuries occur from flying objects and heavy things falling off shelves In 1994, the magnitude 6.7 Northridge earthquake, 55% of quake-related injuries were caused by falling objects, such as televisions, pictures and mirrors, and heavy light fixtures.

9 10/9/20149 The Earthquake Preparedness Cycle

10 10/9/ Earthquake Preparedness Identify potential hazards in your home and fix them Identify potential hazards in your home and fix them

11 10/9/ Earthquake Preparedness Bolt bookcases to the walls Bolt bookcases to the walls Don’t hang breakables above the beds Don’t hang breakables above the beds

12 10/9/ Earthquake Preparedness Get your kids to participate Get your kids to participate Practice “drop, cover, and hold on” Practice “drop, cover, and hold on” Identify safe spots in every room - Identify safe spots in every room - such as under sturdy desks and tables Learn and practice how to protect yourselves no matter where you are when an earthquake strikes Learn and practice how to protect yourselves no matter where you are when an earthquake strikes

13 10/9/ Earthquake Preparedness

14 10/9/ Earthquake Preparedness General Disaster Preparedness Materials Children & Disasters : General Disaster Preparedness Materials Children & Disasters : "Disaster Preparedness Coloring Book" (ARC 2200, English, or ARC 2200S, Spanish) Children & Disasters ages 3-10 "Disaster Preparedness Coloring Book" (ARC 2200, English, or ARC 2200S, Spanish) Children & Disasters ages 3-10 "Adventures of the Disaster Dudes" (ARC 5024) video and Presenter's Guide for use by an adult with children in grades 4-6 "Adventures of the Disaster Dudes" (ARC 5024) video and Presenter's Guide for use by an adult with children in grades 4-6

15 10/9/ Earthquake Preparedness Keep shoes and a working flashlight next to each bed Keep shoes and a working flashlight next to each bed

16 10/9/ Earthquake Preparedness Teach everyone in your household to use emergency whistles and keep them in school back packs, purses, and your personal disaster kit Teach everyone in your household to use emergency whistles and keep them in school back packs, purses, and your personal disaster kit

17 10/9/ Earthquake Preparedness Also, teach your kids to knock 3 times repeatedly if trapped Also, teach your kids to knock 3 times repeatedly if trapped Rescuers searching collapsed buildings will be listening for sounds Rescuers searching collapsed buildings will be listening for sounds

18 10/9/ Earthquake Preparedness Identify the needs of household members and neighbors with special requirements or situations, such as use of a wheelchair, walking aids, special diets, or medication. Identify the needs of household members and neighbors with special requirements or situations, such as use of a wheelchair, walking aids, special diets, or medication. Take a Red Cross first aid and CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation) training course. Learn who in your neighborhood is trained in first aid and CPR. Take a Red Cross first aid and CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation) training course. Learn who in your neighborhood is trained in first aid and CPR. Prepare disaster and first aid kits Prepare disaster and first aid kits

19 10/9/ Earthquake Preparedness: Fire Prevention  Know the locations of utility shutoffs and keep needed tools nearby  Know how to turn off the gas, water, and electricity to your home  Only turn off the gas if you smell or hear leaking gas  Get training from your fire martial on how to properly use a fire extinguisher. Include domestic staff.  Install smoke alarms and test them monthly. Change the battery once a year, or sooner if the alarm emits a “chirping” sound (low-battery signal)

20 10/9/ Earthquake Preparedness: More Advance Planning Locate a safe place outside of your home for your family to meet after the shaking stops Locate a safe place outside of your home for your family to meet after the shaking stops Establish an out-of-area contact person who can be called by everyone in the household to relay information Establish an out-of-area contact person who can be called by everyone in the household to relay information Provide all family members with a list of important contact phone numbers Provide all family members with a list of important contact phone numbers

21 10/9/ Earthquake Preparedness: & More Advance Planning Determine where you might live if your home cannot be occupied after an earthquake or other disaster Determine where you might live if your home cannot be occupied after an earthquake or other disaster Learn about the earthquake plan developed by your children's school or day care, and keep your children's school emergency release cards current. Learn about the earthquake plan developed by your children's school or day care, and keep your children's school emergency release cards current.

22 10/9/ Earthquake Preparedness Electrical, water, transportation, or other vital systems will be disrupted Electrical, water, transportation, or other vital systems will be disrupted Emergency response agencies and hospitals will likely be overwhelmed and unable to provide you with immediate assistance Emergency response agencies and hospitals will likely be overwhelmed and unable to provide you with immediate assistance To help your family cope after a strong earthquake, store a household disaster kit in an easily accessible location, preferably outdoors (not in your garage) To help your family cope after a strong earthquake, store a household disaster kit in an easily accessible location, preferably outdoors (not in your garage) This kit, which complements your personal disaster kits, should be in a large watertight container that can be easily moved This kit, which complements your personal disaster kits, should be in a large watertight container that can be easily moved

23 10/9/ Earthquake Preparedness: Personal Disaster Kits

24 10/9/ Earthquake Preparedness: Personal Disaster Kits Personal Disaster Kits should include: Personal Disaster Kits should include: 1. Medications, a list of prescriptions, copies of medical insurance cards, doctors’ names and contact information 2. Medical consent forms for dependents 3. First aid kit and handbook. 4. Spare eyeglasses, personal hygiene supplies, and sturdy shoes

25 10/9/ Earthquake Preparedness: Personal Disaster Kits (Cont.) Personal Disaster Kits should include: Personal Disaster Kits should include: 5. Water: 5 gal. containers (1 Gal/Person/Day/3-5 days) 6. Whistle (to alert rescuers to your location) 7. Emergency cash 8. Personal identification 9. List of emergency contact phone numbers 10. Snack foods high in calories

26 10/9/ Earthquake Preparedness: Personal Disaster Kits (Cont.) Personal Disaster Kits should include: Personal Disaster Kits should include: 11. Emergency lighting—light sticks and/or a working flashlight with extra batteries and light bulbs (hand-powered flashlights are also available) 12. Copies of insurance policies, financial records 13. Household inventory (a list and photos or video of your belongings) 14. Comfort items, such as games, crayons, writing materials, and teddy bears

27 10/9/ Earthquake Preparedness: Personal Disaster Kits (Cont.) Personal Disaster Kits should include: Personal Disaster Kits should include: 15. First aid supplies and medications (part of first aid kit) 16. Essential hygiene items, such as soap, toothpaste, and toilet paper 17. Shut-off wrench, to turn off household gas and water 18. A hand-cranked or battery-operated radio (and spare batteries)

28 10/9/ Earthquake Preparedness: Personal Disaster Kits (Cont.) Personal Disaster Kits should include: Personal Disaster Kits should include: 19. NOTE: Overseas posts keep security radios in safe secure location indoors (Grab In Emergency) 20. Items to protect you from the elements, such as warm clothing, sturdy shoes, extra socks, blankets, rain gear and perhaps even a tent

29 10/9/ Earthquake Preparedness: Personal Disaster Kits (Cont.) Personal Disaster Kits should include: Personal Disaster Kits should include: 21. Heavy-duty plastic bags for waste and to serve other uses, such as tarps and rain ponchos 22. Plastic bucket with tight lid 23. Disinfectant 24. Small bottle household chlorine bleach 25. Work gloves and protective goggles

30 10/9/ Earthquake Preparedness: Personal Disaster Kits (Cont.) Personal Disaster Kits should include: Personal Disaster Kits should include: 26. FOOD!

31 10/9/ Earthquake Preparedness: Personal Disaster Kits (Cont.) Food in your Household Disaster Kit: Food in your Household Disaster Kit:  Store at least a three-day supply of non- perishable food  Select foods that require no refrigeration, preparation or cooking, and little or no water  If you must heat food, pack a can of sterno  Select food items that are compact and lightweight

32 10/9/ Earthquake Preparedness: Personal Disaster Kits (Cont.) Food List - Household Disaster Kit: Food List - Household Disaster Kit:  Ready-to-eat canned meats, fruits, and vegetables  Canned juices  Staples (salt, sugar, pepper, spices, etc.)  High energy foods  Vitamins

33 10/9/ Earthquake Preparedness: Personal Disaster Kits (Cont.) Food List - Household Disaster Kit: Food List - Household Disaster Kit:  Food for infants and pets  Comfort/stress foods  Can opener and eating utensils

34 10/9/ Earthquake Preparedness: Personal Disaster Kits (Cont.) For Babies - Household Disaster Kit: For Babies - Household Disaster Kit:  Formula  Powdered milk  Diapers  Bottles

35 10/9/ Earthquake Preparedness: Personal Disaster Kits (Cont.) For Older Kids - Household Disaster Kit: For Older Kids - Household Disaster Kit:  Games and books

36 10/9/ Earthquake Preparedness: Personal Disaster Kits (Cont.) For Pets - Household Disaster Kit: For Pets - Household Disaster Kit:  Remember pet food and restraints

37 10/9/ Earthquake Preparedness: Personal Disaster Kits (Cont.) Assemble your Household Disaster Kit and store outside (not in the garage) in a water tight container Assemble your Household Disaster Kit and store outside (not in the garage) in a water tight container NOTE: Replace perishable items like water, food, medications, and batteries on a yearly basis.

38 10/9/ Earthquake Preparedness: Your First Aid Kit One For Home, D-Kit And Each Car: One For Home, D-Kit And Each Car:  (20) adhesive bandages, various sizes  (1) 5" x 9" sterile dressing  (1) conforming roller gauze bandage (kling)  (2) triangular bandages  (2) 3 x 3 sterile gauze pads  (2) 4 x 4 sterile gauze pads

39 10/9/ Earthquake Preparedness: Your First Aid Kit (Contd.)  (1) roll 3" cohesive bandage and ace wrap  (2) germicidal hand wipes or waterless alcohol- based hand sanitizer  (6) antiseptic wipes  (2) pair large medical grade non-latex gloves  Adhesive tape, 2" width

40 10/9/ Earthquake Preparedness: Your First Aid Kit (Contd.)  Anti-bacterial ointment  Cold pack  Scissors  Tweezers  CPR breathing barrier, such as a face shield

41 10/9/ Earthquake Preparedness: Your First Aid Kit (Contd.) In Addition To Prescription Medications – In Addition To Prescription Medications – Have Non-Prescription Drugs:  Aspirin or Ibuprofen and a nonaspirin (acetaminophen) pain reliever  Anti-diarrhea medication (immodium or Peptobismol)  Antacid (for stomach upset)  Laxative  Activated charcoal (if advised by Poison Control Center)

42 10/9/ Earthquake Preparedness: Financial Disaster Recovery Kit After a damaging earthquake, you will need copies of essential financial documents, as well as emergency cash After a damaging earthquake, you will need copies of essential financial documents, as well as emergency cash Keep these items together, current, and stored in a fire-proof document safe Keep these items together, current, and stored in a fire-proof document safe Consider purchasing a home safe or renting a safe deposit box Consider purchasing a home safe or renting a safe deposit box

43 10/9/ Earthquake Preparedness: Financial Disaster Recovery Kit Some essential items in your financial disaster recovery kit are: Some essential items in your financial disaster recovery kit are: 1. Birth certificates 2. Marriage license/divorce papers and child custody papers 3. Passports and driver’s licenses 4. Social security cards 5. Naturalization papers and residency documents

44 10/9/ Earthquake Preparedness: Financial Disaster Recovery Kit More essential items in your financial disaster recovery kit are: More essential items in your financial disaster recovery kit are: 6. Military/veteran’s papers 7. Critical medical information 8. Cash, in the event ATM or bank services are disrupted 9. Certificates for stocks, bonds, and other investments

45 10/9/ Earthquake Preparedness: Financial Disaster Recovery Kit More essential items in your financial disaster recovery kit are: More essential items in your financial disaster recovery kit are: 10. Bank statements 11. Credit card numbers 12. A list of phone numbers for financial institutions and credit card companies where you have accounts 13. Insurance policies

46 10/9/ Earthquake Preparedness: Financial Disaster Recovery Kit More essential items in your financial disaster recovery kit are: More essential items in your financial disaster recovery kit are: 14. An inventory of your household possessions 15. Appraisals of valuable jewelry, art, antiques, and heirlooms 16. Home improvement records 17. Backup of critical computer files (also a copy at work)

47 10/9/ Earthquake Preparedness: Financial Disaster Recovery Kit More essential items in your financial disaster recovery kit are: More essential items in your financial disaster recovery kit are: 18. A list of names, phone numbers, and addresses of critical personal and business contacts 19. Deeds, titles, and other ownership records for property such as homes, autos, RVs, and boats

48 10/9/ Earthquake Preparedness: Financial Disaster Recovery Kit More essential items in your financial disaster recovery kit are: More essential items in your financial disaster recovery kit are: 20. Powers of attorney, including health-care powers of attorney 21. Wills or trust documents

49 10/9/ Earthquake Preparedness – When The Shaking Starts

50 10/9/ Earthquake Preparedness – When The Shaking Starts If you are indoors... If you are indoors...

51 10/9/ Earthquake Preparedness – When The Shaking Starts If you are indoors... If you are indoors... “DROP, COVER, AND HOLD ON.” If you are not near a desk or table, drop to the floor against an interior wall and protect your head and neck with your arms “DROP, COVER, AND HOLD ON.” If you are not near a desk or table, drop to the floor against an interior wall and protect your head and neck with your arms Avoid exterior walls, windows, hanging objects, mirrors, tall furniture, large appliances, and cabinets filled with heavy objects Avoid exterior walls, windows, hanging objects, mirrors, tall furniture, large appliances, and cabinets filled with heavy objects Do not go outside until well after the shaking stops! Do not go outside until well after the shaking stops!

52 10/9/ Earthquake Preparedness – When The Shaking Starts If you are In Bed... If you are In Bed...

53 10/9/ Earthquake Preparedness – When The Shaking Starts If you are In Bed... If you are In Bed... Get under the bed if there is space Get under the bed if there is space Otherwise, hold on and stay there Otherwise, hold on and stay there Protect your head with a pillow Protect your head with a pillow You are less likely to be injured staying where you are You are less likely to be injured staying where you are Broken glass on the floor can cause injuries - be sure to put shoes on before stepping on the floor (store a pair under your bed) Broken glass on the floor can cause injuries - be sure to put shoes on before stepping on the floor (store a pair under your bed)

54 10/9/ Earthquake Preparedness – When The Shaking Starts If you are in a high rise building... If you are in a high rise building...

55 10/9/ Earthquake Preparedness – When The Shaking Starts If you are in a high rise building... If you are in a high rise building... DROP, COVER, AND HOLD ON DROP, COVER, AND HOLD ON Avoid windows and other hazards Avoid windows and other hazards Do not use elevators Do not use elevators Don’t be surprised if sprinkler systems or fire alarms activate Don’t be surprised if sprinkler systems or fire alarms activate

56 10/9/ Earthquake Preparedness – When The Shaking Starts If you are near tall buildings... If you are near tall buildings... Windows, facades, and architectural details are often the first parts of a building to collapse Windows, facades, and architectural details are often the first parts of a building to collapse Get away from this danger zone when shaking starts. Take refuge in a safe building or an open space Get away from this danger zone when shaking starts. Take refuge in a safe building or an open space

57 10/9/ Earthquake Preparedness – When The Shaking Starts If you are at work... If you are at work... DROP, COVER, AND HOLD ON DROP, COVER, AND HOLD ON Know your workplace’s earthquake safety plan and put it into action Know your workplace’s earthquake safety plan and put it into action When safe, move to a specified meeting location When safe, move to a specified meeting location

58 10/9/ Earthquake Preparedness – When The Shaking Starts If you are in a public building or theater... If you are in a public building or theater... DROP, COVER, AND HOLD ON DROP, COVER, AND HOLD ON If in a theater seat, duck down and protect your head and neck with your arms If in a theater seat, duck down and protect your head and neck with your arms Don’t try to leave until the shaking is over Don’t try to leave until the shaking is over Then walk out slowly, watching for fallen debris or anything that could fall on you in aftershocks Then walk out slowly, watching for fallen debris or anything that could fall on you in aftershocks

59 10/9/ Earthquake Preparedness – When The Shaking Starts If you are outdoors... If you are outdoors... Move to a clear area if you can safely do so Move to a clear area if you can safely do so Avoid buildings, powerlines, trees, and other hazards Avoid buildings, powerlines, trees, and other hazards Always assume fallen powerlines are live! Always assume fallen powerlines are live!

60 10/9/ Earthquake Preparedness – When The Shaking Starts If you are driving... If you are driving...

61 10/9/ Earthquake Preparedness – When The Shaking Starts If you are driving... If you are driving... When able, safely pull over to the side of the road, stop When able, safely pull over to the side of the road, stop Set the parking brake Set the parking brake Avoid overpasses, bridges, powerlines, signs, trees, and other things that might collapse or fall on the vehicle Avoid overpasses, bridges, powerlines, signs, trees, and other things that might collapse or fall on the vehicle Stay inside the vehicle until the shaking is over Stay inside the vehicle until the shaking is over If a powerline falls on the vehicle, stay inside until a trained person removes the hazard If a powerline falls on the vehicle, stay inside until a trained person removes the hazard

62 10/9/ Earthquake Preparedness – When The Shaking Starts If you are at the beach... If you are at the beach...

63 10/9/ Earthquake Preparedness – When The Shaking Starts If you are at the beach... If you are at the beach... Tsunamis from local earthquakes may flood low-lying coasts within minutes of the quake Tsunamis from local earthquakes may flood low-lying coasts within minutes of the quake Distant, large earthquakes can produce tsunamis that may arrive hours later at beaches Distant, large earthquakes can produce tsunamis that may arrive hours later at beaches

64 10/9/ Earthquake Preparedness – When The Shaking Starts If you are at the beach If you are at the beach If you feel a strong quake, hear a tsunami warning, or notice the water suddenly withdrawing from the beach, evacuate immediately to higher ground If you feel a strong quake, hear a tsunami warning, or notice the water suddenly withdrawing from the beach, evacuate immediately to higher ground Tsunami waves may continue to arrive for hours, so do not return to the shore until an “all clear message” has been issued Tsunami waves may continue to arrive for hours, so do not return to the shore until an “all clear message” has been issued For more tsunami survival tips go to For more tsunami survival tips go to

65 10/9/ Earthquake Preparedness – After The Quake After The Quake: After The Quake: Follow your disaster preparedness plans Follow your disaster preparedness plans Check for Damage and Injuries Check for Damage and Injuries

66 10/9/ Earthquake Preparedness – After The Quake (Contd.) Check for Injuries: Check for Injuries: 1. Check yourself for serious injuries before helping others. Protect your mouth, nose, and eyes from dust 2. If a person is bleeding, put direct pressure on the wound - using clean gauze or cloth, if available 3. If a person is not breathing, administer rescue breathing

67 10/9/ Earthquake Preparedness – After The Quake (Contd.) Check for Injuries Check for Injuries 4. If a person has no pulse, begin CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation) 5. If fractures use any kind of splinting material to immobilize the limb 6. Do not move seriously injured persons, unless they are in immediate danger of further harm 7. Cover injured persons with blankets or additional clothing to keep them warm

68 10/9/ Earthquake Preparedness – After The Quake (Contd.)

69 10/9/ Earthquake Preparedness – After The Quake (Contd.) The first days after the earthquake... The first days after the earthquake... Be sure there are no gas leaks at your home before using open flames (lighters, matches, candles, or grills) or operating any electrical or mechanical device that could create a spark (light switches, generators, chain saws, or motor vehicles) Be sure there are no gas leaks at your home before using open flames (lighters, matches, candles, or grills) or operating any electrical or mechanical device that could create a spark (light switches, generators, chain saws, or motor vehicles) Check for chemical spills, faulty electrical wiring, and broken water lines. Water in contact with faulty wiring is a shock hazard Check for chemical spills, faulty electrical wiring, and broken water lines. Water in contact with faulty wiring is a shock hazard

70 10/9/ Earthquake Preparedness – After The Quake (Cont.) The first days after the earthquake... The first days after the earthquake... Unplug broken or toppled light fixtures or appliances. These could start fires when electricity is restored Unplug broken or toppled light fixtures or appliances. These could start fires when electricity is restored Never use the following indoors: Never use the following indoors: Camp stoves, kerosene or gas lanterns or heaters, gas or charcoal grills, or gas generators, as these can release deadly carbon monoxide gas or be a fire hazard in aftershocks

71 10/9/ Earthquake Preparedness – After The Quake (Contd.) The first days after the earthquake... The first days after the earthquake... Be in communication... Be in communication...

72 10/9/ Earthquake Preparedness – After The Quake (Cont.) The first days after the earthquake... The first days after the earthquake... Be in communication! Be in communication! Turn on your portable embassy or car radio and listen for information and safety advisories Turn on your portable embassy or car radio and listen for information and safety advisories Place all phones back on their cradles Place all phones back on their cradles Call your out-of-area contact, tell them your status, and then stay off the phone—emergency responders need the phone lines for life-saving communications Call your out-of-area contact, tell them your status, and then stay off the phone—emergency responders need the phone lines for life-saving communications Check on your neighbors Check on your neighbors

73 10/9/ Earthquake Preparedness – After The Quake (Cont.) The first days after the earthquake... The first days after the earthquake... Check your food and water supplies Check your food and water supplies If power is off, plan meals so as to use up refrigerated and frozen foods first If power is off, plan meals so as to use up refrigerated and frozen foods first If your water is off, you can drink from water heaters, melted ice cubes, or canned vegetables If your water is off, you can drink from water heaters, melted ice cubes, or canned vegetables Avoid drinking the water from swimming pools or hot tubs; use it to fight fires Avoid drinking the water from swimming pools or hot tubs; use it to fight fires

74 10/9/ Earthquake Preparedness – After The Quake (Cont.) The first weeks after the earthquake... The first weeks after the earthquake...  A Time Of Transition!

75 10/9/ Earthquake Preparedness – After The Quake (Cont.) The first weeks after the earthquake... The first weeks after the earthquake... Insure your home is safe to occupy and not in danger of collapse in aftershocks Insure your home is safe to occupy and not in danger of collapse in aftershocks If your gas was turned off, you will need to arrange for the gas company to turn it back on If your gas was turned off, you will need to arrange for the gas company to turn it back on If the electricity went off and then came back on, check your appliances or electronic equipment for damage If the electricity went off and then came back on, check your appliances or electronic equipment for damage If water lines broke, look for water damage If water lines broke, look for water damage Locate or replace critical documents that may have been misplaced, damaged, or destroyed Locate or replace critical documents that may have been misplaced, damaged, or destroyed

76 10/9/ Earthquake Preparedness – After The Quake (Cont.) If in the United States... If in the United States...

77 10/9/ Earthquake Preparedness – After The Quake (Cont.) If in the United States... If in the United States... Contact your insurance agent or company right away to begin your claims process Contact your insurance agent or company right away to begin your claims process Contact the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) to find out about financial assistance (see FEMA information) Contact the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) to find out about financial assistance (see FEMA information)FEMA informationFEMA information If you cannot live at your home, set up an alternative mailing address with the post office If you cannot live at your home, set up an alternative mailing address with the post office

78 10/9/ After The Quake

79 10/9/ There are known knowns. These are things we know that we know. There are known unknowns. That is to say, there are things we know we don’t know. But, there are also unknown unknowns. These are things we don’t know we don’t know. Donald Rumsfeld

80 10/9/ WEB - Further Information


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