Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Anusha M. Nugaliyadda Reg. No. 04/5303

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Anusha M. Nugaliyadda Reg. No. 04/5303"— Presentation transcript:

1 Anusha M. Nugaliyadda Reg. No. 04/5303
JOB SATISFACTION OF THE ESTATE WORKERS A Study of Loolecondure Estate, Hewaheta Anusha M. Nugaliyadda Reg. No. 04/5303

2 INTRODUCTION Background of the Sri Lankan Tea Industry
1867 Commercial Tea Cultivation in Loolecondure Estate, Hewaheta Workers for tea plantations migrated from South India From 1867 to All Tea Plantations were managed by Private Companies Tea Plantations - JEDB and SLSPC Private Companies 40 Estates JEDB and SLSPC (Sri Lanka Tea Board Annual Report 2009,2010; PHDH Kandy Record Books; Loolecondure Estate, Hewaheta Record Books; S. Kdituwakku and H.M.S.Priyanath,2007 ) Ure

3 Labor Force of Tea Industry
Figures Indicate Declining Trend of Tea Industry after 1960 both Production and labor; Total Labor Force , ,000 (Surplus) (Deficit) Average 5% drop every year and will be worse in years to come Sri Lankan Tea Production is heavily based on labor which leads labor is the most important factor affect productivity Labor Productivity in Tea Industry is declining over the past decades and recorded very lower ranks in world labor productivity tables (Central Bank- Economic and Social Statistics Report of Sri Lanka – 2010; Kodituwakku & Priyanath , 2001; Wickramasinghe & Cameron, 2003; N.C.Wickramasinghe,2008)

4 Labor Shortage in Tea Industry
Labor shortage is becoming the major threat to the Tea Industry; Disturb day to day operations Low Production Reduce the quality of Tea Increase - Cost of Tea Decrease – Profitability of the Industry Job Satisfaction is one of the reasons for labor shortage Workers not encouraging their children to work as Estate Labors Younger Generation find jobs outside the Estate Estate work force is less than 30% of the Total Residents (Loolecondure Estate, Hewaheta Record Books; Kodituwakku & Priyanath,2001; Wickremasinghe, 2008; M.M.M.Aheeyar, 2005; Central Bank- Economic and Social Statistics Report of Sri Lanka – 2010)

5 Research Questions What is the overall level of Job Satisfaction of Plantation Workers? What are the main factors affecting Plantation Worker’s Job Satisfaction?

6 Measure overall Job Satisfaction level of the Plantation Workers
Research Objectives Measure overall Job Satisfaction level of the Plantation Workers Identify the main factors affecting Plantation Worker’s Job Satisfaction

7 Literature Review Job Satisfaction is an attitudinal variable that can be used to indicate whether someone likes his/her job or not (Spector,1997) Factors affect Job Satisfaction (Glisson & Durick, 1988; Jex, 2002) Individual Characteristics Job Characteristics (Hackman and Oldham’s Job Characteristics Model: 1976) Organizational Characteristics (Festinger’s Social Comparison Theory, 1954; Jex’s Social information processing Theory, 2002) (Syptak, Marsland & Ulmer, 1999, Robbins and Decenzo, 2004, Hong Lu, Aloson & Barriaball, 2006)

8 Hertzberg’s Two Factor Theory
Motivational Factors Hygiene Factors Supervision Company Policy Relationship with Supervisor Working Conditions Salary Relationship with peers Personal Life Relationship with employees Status Security Achievement Recognition Work Itself Responsibilities Advancement Growth Extremely Satisfied Neutral Extremely Dissatisfied (Herzberg’, 1968; Source: Robbins & Decenzo, 2004)

9 Importance of Job Satisfaction
Employee Attitude Behavior Job Satisfaction/Dissatisfaction Work Hard/Less Personal life Consequences of Job Dissatisfaction (Farrell, 1983: Exit-voice- loyalty-neglect framework) Low Performance Poor Attendance Less Loyalty Neglect Turnover (Syptak, Marsland & Ulmer, 1999; Robbins and Decenzo, 2004; Hong Lu, Aloson & Barriaball, 2006; Alsaeed, 2010)

10 Conceptual Framework 1. Demographic Factors 2. Job Related Factors
Responsibility Achievements Recognition Job Security Status JOB SATISFACTION/ DISSATISFACTION 3. Organizational Factors Targets Supervision Salary Promotion Interpersonal Relationships Working Conditions Non Financial Benefits Retirement Benefits

11 Study Site METHODS Loolecodure Tea Plantation, Hewaheta, Nuwara Eliya
Workers are from the Generation of first set of Plantation Workers Largest government owned Tea Plantation (JEDB) Exposed to the urban area is less due to the location and original Tea Plantation Culture exists

12 Divisions of Loolecondure Estate
Methods Contd. Population Divisions of Loolecondure Estate Total Workers Male Female Total 1. Naranhinne 46 38% 74 62% 120 2. Loolecondure 63 48% 69 52% 132 3. WalOya 44 44% 57 56% 101 4. Lower Goonawe 54 123 5. Upper Goonawe 54% 48 46% 105 264 45% 317 55% 581

13 Sample Selection Method
Methods Contd. Sample Selection Method Sampling Method Step 1 : Stratified Sampling based on ; Division of the Estate Gender Step 2: Random Sampling in each Strata Total Sample Size - 120

14 Sample 30 5 25 33 6 27 4 21 31 26 22 145 120 25% 21% Division Sample
Methods Contd. Sample Division Sample Non-respondents Respondents Total Male Female Naranhinne 30 5 25 10 15 2. Loolecondure 33 6 27 13 14 3. WalOya 4 21 9 12 4. Lower Goonawe 31 11 5. Upper Goonawe 26 22 145 120 55 65 25% 21%

15 Demographic Data of the Sample
VARIABLE CATEGORY FREQUENCY PERCENTAGE 1. Gender Female 66 55% 2. Age 18-25 9 7.5% 36-45 46 38.3% 3. Marital Status Married 115 95.8% 4. Education Never gone to School 29 24.2% G 1-3 35 29.2% 5. Yrs of Experience 16 – 25 Yrs 49 40.8% 6. Individual Income Below Rs. 5,000 87 72.5% 7. Family Income Rs. 5,001 – 7,500 8. Dependents 5 50 41.7% 9. Generation Migrants 98 81.7% 10. Member of TU Member 120 100%

16 Data Analysis Tools Data Analysis Tool Objective Factor Analysis
As a data reduction tool and found a smaller model of questionnaire Descriptive Statistics Frequency Test Cross Tabulation Analyze demographic data Measure Statistical differences of Overall Job Satisfaction Level with relates to the demographic variables Cronbatch’s Alpha Measure reliability of the Factors Mean Analysis Measure Overall Job Satisfaction Level Regression Analysis Ordinal Logit Model To identify factors affect Job Satisfaction

17 Data Collection Methods
Study 1 – Focus Group Discussions (Qualitative Data) Focus Interviews - 06 Composition : Mgt Staff -02, Clerical Staff -02, Kanganis -02 Focus Group Discussions – 02 Composition : Group I – 10 Male ; Group II – 8 Female 06 Open Ended Questions; How do you feel your job? What are the present satisfactions and dissatisfactions with your job? How do you see your job needs changing? What are the major frustrations in your job? What will you need from your job in next 05 years? Do you have any other advice for me?

18 Study 2 – Survey (Quantitative Data)
Data Collection Method – Questionnaire - Structured Questions , Tamil Rating Scale – Likert Scale :1 - Strongly Disagree 5 - Strongly Agree Questionnaire – 05 Factors, 31 Questions Job Related Targets and Interpersonal Relationships Supervision Salary and Retirement Benefits Promotions Pre-Testing of the Questionnaire : Ensure Validity and Reliability Rating Scale:1-5 or 1-3 (Tan Teck Hon & Amna Waheed,’Hertzberg’s Motivation- Hygiene Theory and Job Satisfaction in the Malaysian Retail Sector;Asian Academy of Management Journal, Vol.16, No , January 2011) :


Download ppt "Anusha M. Nugaliyadda Reg. No. 04/5303"

Similar presentations


Ads by Google