Presentation on theme: "FACILITY–PLANNINGFACILITY–PLANNING What is Facility Planning? The term Facility is commonly used to refer to commercial office buildings or establishment."— Presentation transcript:
FACILITY–PLANNINGFACILITY–PLANNING What is Facility Planning? The term Facility is commonly used to refer to commercial office buildings or establishment & its physical environments Facility Planning = Programming + Space planning + Facility management Programming= + Management consulting + Strategic planning + Organizational Structure + Physical Space & Equip.+ Relationships + Project Management Space planning= + Building geometry + interior environment + Ergonomics+ Office layout + Building Codes + Accessibility + Sustainability Facility Management = + Data Mgt. ( Space, telecom, real estate, etc) + Integration with CAD + Operations + Maintenance
FACILITY–PLANNINGFACILITY–PLANNING TOP -DOWN VS BOTTOM-UP TOP DOWN STRATEGY Means looking at different Industries or business sectors to start with and then narrowing down the choices to the best – performing Companies within those sectors or industries Retail Petroleum IT BPO Insurance All Food Garments Watches Foot ware Hyper market Super market Dept. Store Specialty Big bazaar, Reliance Hyper Shop rite, Hyper city Goregoan Gurgaon Vashi Thane
FACILITY–PLANNINGFACILITY–PLANNING TOP -DOWN VS BOTTOM-UP BOTTOM UP STRATEGY In retailing it begins with section specific to location centric to Format and from format to Company or group of companies to sector Retail Petroleum IT BPO Insurance Reliance Future Raheja Tata Damani Hyper market Super market Dept. Store Specialty Big bazaar, Reliance Hyper Shop rite, Hyper city Goregoan Gurgaon Vashi Thane Bakery Linen Section Non-Veg
Facility – Planning Checklist It provides the guidelines for identifying the issues that may need to be addressed in the course of a detailed facility requirements analysis or programming study The Nine major category: Space allocation and use Interior systems Building systems Building enclosures Architectural concepts Structural systems Site conditions Building services Safety & environmental issues
FACILITY–PLANNINGFACILITY–PLANNING Space allocation and use Workstations & Space allocation Planning Module Space allocation guidelines Special Furniture & Equipment needs Support and specialized space needs Storage – space requirements Special needs & constraints Operational considerations Potential for system changes Physical requirements & Limitations Circulation & dedicated use corridors Safety & Handicapped accessibility factors Space – requirements summary Usable or Occupiable space Public circulations & Lobbies Building service areas (Mechanical, Electricals etc.) Enclosing structures, Walls, Shafts Total Gross area
FACILITY–PLANNINGFACILITY–PLANNING Building Systems Lighting Space type & recommended lighting levels General lighting system Furniture system task lighting Building Automation & occupancy/footfall sensors Power Service requirements for present & future operations Special use areas & equipments Emergency & UPS requirements Power distribution- system requirements Special metering requirements for SIS POS under ground cabling - 4/5/6 way cables Telecommunications Types of Communication services & equipment required Telephonic requirements - present & future Wi Fi area allocation & cabling CCTV cabling, switchers, monitoring room.
FACILITY–PLANNINGFACILITY–PLANNING Interior Systems Partitions Building Standard Partitions Special Partition performance requirements Conventionally partitions versus Open Office Space Furniture New Furniture vs Reuse of existing System versus conventional: Functional considerations Adequacy & Limitations of existing furniture systems Circulation & dedicated use corridors Safety & Handicapped accessibility factors Floorings Flooring materials as related to space utilization Raised flooring requirements Under-flooring duct system requirements Additional electrical points requirements Handicapped accessibility requirements
FACILITY–PLANNINGFACILITY–PLANNING Interior Systems – (con’t) Hardware Security requirements near the exits & cablings Handicapped accessibility requirements Finishes Appearances & Durability requirements Areas requiring special finishes Performance Characteristics & cost Graphics Safety & Handicapped accessibility factors Graphics & Signage Floor identification & Directories Area indicators Signage – Courtesy, Instructional, Category, Directional, Building & site identification Layouts Principles of layouts Rack space allocation Category allocation Plannogram
FACILITY–PLANNINGFACILITY–PLANNING Rack Space Allocation End of shopping area Shadow area Magnetic area Major & Minor Aisles Ratio of Furniture : Vacant Area Rack numbering Preparing a Plannogram Stock density
Sr. No. Product Category Hyper City SHOPRITE Hyper BIG BAZAAR SAHAKARI BHANDAR Reliance fresh Average 1Biscuit2630.253748.892683.52576.672414.892810.84 2Cold Drink1678.942936.672161.672355.562764.442379.456 3Kelloggs2101.132441.672120.003376.002811.112569.982 4Soap8544.4414328.8911098.511679.6711478.3311425.97 5Sauces5736.948729.336108.226622.676130.226665.476 Stock density is a measurement of stock of specific category of product per unit area or unit volume. Stock Density = Total Price of Shelf / Size of Shelf Following product category selects for calculate Stock density in five different Retail outlets are: Biscuit Cold drink Kelloggs Soap Sauces Following table contains Stock Density of product category at given retail outlet. Stock Density:
FACILITY–PLANNINGFACILITY–PLANNING Rack Space Allocation – Principles Categorize the goods Categorize in 4 broader categories Follow “Morning to evening” or “As per Shopping list of H-Wife” Vertical Display rather than Horizontal Display – category wise Attractive goods to be placed in front/ Customer’s view Fast selling items on bottom selves Heavy goods on bottom rack Category captain on Top Follow SKU wise display with 3 zones of VM Edible items on Wall racks( only in SM) Company display vs Plannogram Shelf railing for bottles/ prone to breakage No rack space for certain items Goods not susceptible to shoplifting in Shadow area
FACILITY–PLANNINGFACILITY–PLANNING Steps in layout After receiving the floor plan, the process follows as : 1.Assess the entry points and exits if required 2.Without assuming the pillars, draw your layout 3.If the pillars are bigger constraints, then change the layout 4.Try to hide pillars or merge within the gondolas 5.Divide the gondola rows with the standard measurements 6.If the odd size measure of gondola is inevitable, replace it 7.Try and keep the aisle space as per the standards 8.Divide aisles into major and minor 9.Allocate areas for dump bins/ dump displays 10.Keep at least 20% area for the check out section 11.Of this 20%,10% should be vacant before & after the check out 12.Maximize gondola ends/end caps 13.Maximize wall racks 14.Number the racks 15.Allocate the category as per the stock density 16.Allocate the sub category 17.Allocate the SKU
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