Presentation on theme: "How to write research proposal"— Presentation transcript:
1 How to write research proposal DR AIDA JAFFARLECTURERFAM MED DEPARTMENT
2 Outline To understand importance of research proposal To understand the content of research proposalTo know how to present research proposal
3 Importance of proposal To demonstrate that you are capable of independent critical thinking and analysis To show that you are capable of communicating your ideas clearly.
4 Research proposal: content TitleIntroductionObjectivesLiterature reviewMethodologyGannt chartBudget
5 What is the topic? Clinical issues Research gap Suggestion from previous studiesreadings
6 TitleDoes your title briefly and precisely indicate the focus of the research?Clue to the readersImportant key wordsPrecise and simple describing the thesis
7 Introduction Introduce the area of research Review key publications Any gap in the knowledgeHypothesisClinical importance and its benefitsJustificationAims and objectives
8 Literature review- function To avoid "reinventing the wheel".Gives credits to previous researcher.Demonstrates your knowledge of the research problem.Demonstrates your understanding of the theoretical and research issues related to your research question.To be able to critically evaluate relevant literature and to integrate and synthesize the existing literature.Provides new theoretical insights or develops a new model as the conceptual framework for your research.Paul T. P. Wong, Ph.D., C.Psych. How to Write a Research Proposal
9 Literature review-problems Lacking organization and structureLacking focus, unity and coherenceBeing repetitive and verboseFailing to cite influential papersFailing to keep up with recent developmentsFailing to critically evaluate cited papersCiting irrelevant or trivial referencesDepending too much on secondary sourcesPaul T. P. Wong, Ph.D., C.Psych. How to Write a Research Proposal
10 Good vs Poor Lit Review A ‘good’ literature review….. …is a synthesis of available research…is a critical evaluation….. has appropriate breadth and depth….. has clarity and conciseness….. uses rigorous and consistent methodsA ‘poor’ literature review is…..…..an annotated bibliography….. confined to description….. narrow and shallow….. confusing and longwinded….. constructed in an arbitrary way
12 Objectives General objective: main objective Specific objectives. Start with: To determine, to identify, to explore and etc.Please refer to Academic phrasebank..
13 Methodology Study design Research setting Sampling: sampling frame, sampling method, inclusion and exclusion criteria, sample size calculationStudy tools or instruments: questionnaires, instruments (calibrated and validated)Study flowStatistical analysisEthical consideration
14 Hilary Glasman-Deal: science research writing for non-native speakers of English
15 Gantt Chart June 2013 -January 2014 February 2014 June January 2014February 2014March June 2014June November 2015September November 2015December March 2016April 2016May 2016Preparation of thesis proposalPresentation of thesis proposalPreparation & Submission of thesis application to ethics committeeData collectionData analysisReport writingSubmission of thesisPresentation of thesis
17 Common mistakesFailure to provide the proper context to frame the research question.Failure to delimit the boundary conditions for your research.Failure to accurately present the theoretical and empirical contributions by other researchers.Failure to stay focused on the research question.Failure to develop a coherent and persuasive argument for the proposed research.Too much detail on minor issues, but not enough detail on major issues.Too much rambling -- going "all over the map" without a clear sense of direction. (The best proposals move forward with ease and grace like a seamless river.)Too many citation lapses and incorrect references.Too long or too short.Failing to follow the APA style.Slopping writing.Paul T. P. Wong, Ph.D., C.Psych. How to Write a Research Proposal