The risk of some pregnancy outcomes such as NEURAL TUBE DEFECTS can be reduced by intake of high levels of nutrients BEFORE conception and during the earliest weeks of pregnancy.
At least 3 months preconception intake of 0.4 mg/ day folic acid until the 12 th week of gestation is strongly recommended.
The simplest way to achieve proper nutrient intake for pregnant women is to follow the recommendations in the FOOD GUIDE PYRAMID
In our local setting, it would seem prudent to consider the use of vitamin and mineral supplements, particularly iron and folic acid, for the great majority of women who are not meeting their needs through diets alone.
SUMMARY and RECOMMENDATIONS SUMMARY and RECOMMENDATIONS Education and individual commitment to dietary behavior change of each reproductive age woman and her partner is essential in ensuring a good pregnancy outcome.