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A Profile of the U.S. Foreign-Born Population Kevin Deardorff Chief, Immigration Statistics Staff U.S. Census Bureau Population Research Center (PRC) Briefing.

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Presentation on theme: "A Profile of the U.S. Foreign-Born Population Kevin Deardorff Chief, Immigration Statistics Staff U.S. Census Bureau Population Research Center (PRC) Briefing."— Presentation transcript:

1 A Profile of the U.S. Foreign-Born Population Kevin Deardorff Chief, Immigration Statistics Staff U.S. Census Bureau Population Research Center (PRC) Briefing Washington, DC December 9, 2003

2 Overview Immigration Statistics Staff Concepts and Data Sources Trends in the Foreign-Born Population Benefits of the American Community Survey

3 Mission -- Immigration Statistics Staff Mission Statement To provide up-to-date, relevant statistics and methodologies on the size, characteristics, and impact of international migration to (and from) the United States for use in policy-making decisions and demographic and economic research.

4 Concepts and Terminology Foreign Born and Immigrant Foreign Born – Anyone who is not a U.S. citizen at birth, including immigrants, legal nonimmigrants (temporary migrants), humanitarian migrants, and people illegally present in the United States. Immigrant – Aliens admitted to the U.S. for lawful permanent residence, as defined in the Immigration & Nationality Act.

5 Select U.S. Census Bureau Data Sources Current Population Survey (CPS) Decennial Census American Community Survey (ACS)

6 International Migration Items Place of Birth (Nativity) Parental Nativity U.S. Citizenship Status Year of U.S. Entry Previous Residence Ancestry Language Spoken at Home

7 N ational Quick Facts: 2000 Source: 1990 Census and Census Total Population 249 million281 million Total Foreign Born 20 million31 million Percent Foreign Born 8 percent 11 percent

8 National Quick Facts: 2002 In 2002, 32 million (12 percent of the U.S. population) were foreign born. In 2002, 12 million (37 percent of the foreign born) were U.S. citizens through naturalization. 49 percent of the foreign born entered the U.S. between 1990 and Of the 32 million foreign born in 2002, 17 million were from Latin America. Source: Current Population Survey, (2002) Annual Social and Economic Supplement

9 Percent Foreign Born by World Region of Birth: 2002 Source: American Community Survey 2002 Percent Total Foreign Born100 Latin America52 Asia27 Europe15 Africa3 Other Regions3

10 Percent Foreign Born by Year of Entry and Citizenship Status: 2002 Source: American Community Survey 2002 Percent Total Foreign Born100 Year of entry 1990 or later47 Naturalized citizen7 Not a citizen40 Year of entry before Naturalized citizen34 Not a citizen19

11 Percent of Foreign Born Naturalized by Year of Entry: 2002 (In Percent) Source: Current Population Survey, (2002) Annual Social and Economic Supplement

12 Language Spoken at Home for the Foreign Born: 2002 (Population 5 years and over) Source: American Community Survey 2002 Percent Total Foreign Born100 Speak only English17 Speak a language other than English83 Speak Spanish45 Speak Asian or Pacific Island languages18 Speak other Indo-European languages17 Speak other languages3

13 English-Speaking Ability of Foreign Born Who Speak Spanish At Home: 2002 (Population aged 5 and older) Source: American Community Survey 2002 Percent Speak Spanish100 Speak English "very well"29 Speak English "well"21 Speak English "not well"31 Speak English "not at all"19

14 Regional Population Distribution for Native and Foreign-Born Populations: 2002 (In Percent) Source: Current Population Survey, (2002) Annual Social and Economic Supplement

15 Percent Foreign Born Within Each State: 2000 Source: Census 2000 Prepared with American FactFinder

16 Percent of Foreign Born Who Entered 1990 to 2000 by State: 2000 Prepared with American FactFinder Source: Census 2000

17 Top Five States with the Highest Foreign-Born Population and Highest Rate of Change: 2000 California9 millionNorth Carolina274% New York4 millionGeorgia233% Texas3 millionNevada202% Florida3 millionArkansas196% Illinois2 millionUtah171% Highest Number of Foreign Born 2000 Number Highest Percent Change Percent Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000

18 Top Five Places of 100,000 or More Population With the Highest Number of Foreign Born: 2000 Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000 PlaceTotal Foreign Born New York, NY2,871,000 Los Angeles, CA1,513,000 Chicago, IL629,000 Houston, TX516,000 San Jose, CA330,000

19 Top 5 Counties of 250,000 or More Population With the Highest Percent Foreign Born: 2002 Source: American Community Survey 2002 CountyPercent Miami-Dade County, FL51 Queens County, NY47 Hudson County, NJ39 Kings County, NY38 San Francisco County, CA37

20 Age Distribution by Sex for the Native and Foreign-Born Populations: 2002 Source: Current Population Survey, (2002) Annual Social and Economic Supplement Native Foreign Born Age MaleFemaleMaleFemale

21 Percent of Population Aged 18 to 64 by Place of Birth: 2002 (In Percent) Source: Current Population Survey, (2002) Annual Social and Economic Supplement Foreign Born

22 Percent of Population with Less Than 9th Grade Completed by Place of Birth: 2002 (Population 25 years and over) Source: Current Population Survey, (2002) Annual Social and Economic Supplement Foreign Born

23 Percent of Population with a Bachelors Degree or Higher by Place of Birth: 2002 (Population 25 years and over) Source: Current Population Survey, (2002) Annual Social and Economic Supplement Foreign Born

24 Median Earnings of Year-Round, Full-Time Foreign-Born Workers by Place of Birth: 2001 (Population 15 years and over with earnings) (In dollars) Source: Current Population Survey, (2002) Annual Social and Economic Supplement Foreign Born

25 Percent of Population Unemployed by Place of Birth: 2002 (Population 16 years and over in the civilian labor force) Source: Current Population Survey, (2002) Annual Social and Economic Supplement Foreign Born

26 Percent of Population Below Poverty Level by Place of Birth: 2001 (In Percent) Source: Current Population Survey, (2002) Annual Social and Economic Supplement Foreign Born

27 Benefits of the ACS Provides national and subnational detail Replaces the decennial Long Form Provides annually updated data for places of 65,000 or more, when fully implemented Allows more detailed information (e.g., geography, population groups and tabulation categories)

28 Benefits of the ACS (contd) Informs annual estimates of international migration component of official population estimates and projections Includes smaller standard errors than other federal surveys Encompasses wider coverage universe Maintains experienced professional staff

29 U.S. Government Data on International Migration and the Foreign Born U.S. Census Bureaus Foreign-Born Homepage: American FactFinder Homepage (Census, American Community Survey, and Population Estimates Data): U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Immigration Statistics Homepage:

30 Kevin Deardorff Chief, Immigration Statistics Staff U.S. Census Bureau (301) Contact Information


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