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11th Grade US History SOL: VUS

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1 11th Grade US History SOL: VUS
11th Grade US History SOL: VUS.13a-e The student will demonstrate knowledge of United States foreign policy since World War II by a) describing outcomes of WWII, including political boundary changes, the formation of the United Nations, and the Marshall Plan b) explaining the origins of the Cold War, and describing the Truman Doctrine and the policy of containment of communism, the American role in wars in Korea and Vietnam, and the role of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in Europe c) explaining the role of America’s military and veterans in defending freedom during the Cold War. d) explaining the collapse of communism and the end of the Cold War, including the role of Ronald Reagan in making foreign policy. e) explaining the impact of presidents of the United States since 1988 on foreign policy. James MacKenzie

2 UNIT SELF-TEST QUESTIONS
NAME DATE The Unit Organizer: VUS.13a-e Bigger picture LAST UNIT /Experience CURRENT UNIT NEXT UNIT UNIT SELF-TEST QUESTIONS is about... UNIT RELATIONSHIPS UNIT SCHEDULE UNIT MAP 1 3 2 4 5 6 7 8 The United States after WWII {United States during WWII} US Foreign Policy since WWII: {The Civil Rights Movement} Results of WWII lecture and map exercise. Quiz rise of the Cold War Vietnam War protest songs reflection. Video analysis role of Ronald Reagan Paper on one US president’s foreign policy: after 1988 Unit 13 Test US foreign policy after WWII differed from prior generations. The US is now involved in global affairs. This will cause the US to engage in several wars including Korea, Vietnam, Desert Storm, and the war on terror Immediately after WWII After the Cold War Immediately after effects of WWII. Change of boundaries. The rebuilding of Europe. The rise of the US being a super power and the beginning of the Cold War. US foreign policy: 1988-present day. Gulf War, Yugoslavia, 9/11, Iraq, Afghanistan Major Wars After Vietnam Southeast Asia The Cold War, Korea, & Cuba The Vietnam War as well as operations in Laos and Cambodia Collapse of the USSR and the end or the Cold War. Ronald Reagan’s foreign policy. What were the political, economic, and social consequences of WWII? How does US foreign policy respond to the threat of communist expansion? What were the origins and significant events of the cold war? What was the impact of the Vietnam War on Americans at home? How did the USSR collapse and what role did president Ronald Reagan play? How did US foreign policy change after the Cold War? How have the presidents after Ronald Reagan shaped US foreign policy? Explore the relationships of post WWII foreign policy and post Cold War foreign policy?

3 War on….. Drugs, poverty, terror
CONCEPT DIAGRAM CONVEY TARGETED CONCEPT NOTE KEY WORDS OFFER OVERALL CLASSIFY CHARACTERISTICS Always Present Sometimes Present Never Present Examples: TIE DOWN A DEFINITION EXPLORE EXAMPLES Key Words PRACTICE WITH NEW EXAMPLE Nonexamples: 1)Violence WWII 3) Weaponry 4) Armies 5) Politics 6) Revolution 7) Religion 8) Battles 9) Genocide 10) Treaty 11) Declared P.O.W. Naval Air Ground WWE War on….. Drugs, poverty, terror Terrorist attacks Domestic disputes WWI & WWII Vietnam & Korea Iraq (Gulf War I & II) Afghanistan Two or more groups__ Military groups______ Weaponry__________ Disagreements______ ______________ Battles Peace Technology hate violence death War Conflict War is a conflict/disagreement between 2 or more groups involving military groups and weaponry.

4 The Cold War Essential details
Key Topic The FRAME Routine The Cold War is about… The Cold War lasted from the end of WWII until the collapse of the Soviet Union in The US represented democratic political institutions and a generally free market economic system. The USSR was a totalitarian government with a communist (socialist) economic system Main idea The Truman Doctrine of “containment of communism” was the backbone of American foreign policy during the Cold War. Conflicts between the two nations continually escalate throughout the stand off. Essential details The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) was formed as a defensive alliance among the US and western European countries to prevent a Soviet invasion of Western Europe. The soviets formed their own group with eastern European allies known as the Warsaw Pact. Both sides will maintain large military forces throughout the conflict. The USSR matches the US’ capacity in nuclear weaponry in the 1950’s, the threat of a nuclear war that would destroy both countries was ever-present throughout the Cold War. This will lead to the concept of mutually assured destruction (MAD) because if either country attacked the other the response would be all out retaliation. The US and USSR will come into conflict in a variety of arenas around the globe during the Cold War. American and Soviet involvement in areas like Korea, Cuba, and Vietnam will all change the scope of the Cold War. Each US president who served during the Cold War period helped shaped America’s foreign policy. Aside from the political arena the Cold War had effects on the everyday citizen in both nations. So What? (What’s important to understand about this?) The Cold War set the framework for global politics for 45 years after the end of World War II. It also influence American domestic politics, the conduct of foreign affairs, and the role of the government in the economy after 1945.

5 LINCS Tables List the parts Identify a reminding word
1 3 4 5 2 Term Reminding Word LINCing Story LINCing Picture Definition Superpower The US and USSR were both the national equivalent to batman and superman, in that both were very distinct but both were very powerful. A country with the military, political, and economic strength to influence events worldwide. Super hero. 1 3 4 5 2 Term Reminding Word LINCing Story LINCing Picture Definition The word arms race brings to mind arm wrestling between two muscular men. So remember that the word armory means a place to store weapons and thus an arms race is a build up of weapons. Arms race A contest in which nations compete to build more and more powerful weapons. Armory 1 3 4 5 2 Term Reminding Word LINCing Story LINCing Picture Definition In the game jenga you lose when the tower collapse from pulling out the wrong block. The same can be said about the domino theory the thought was communism would spread to neighboring countries like dominos falling Domino theory The idea that if one country fell to communism, neighboring countries would follow. jenga 1 3 4 5 2 Term Reminding Word LINCing Story LINCing Picture Definition guerrilla Although these two are the same word one is an animal and another is a style of combat. Like a gorilla, a guerrilla soldier tries to stay out of sight but is deadly. A fighter who works as part of a small band to make hit-and-run attacks. Gorilla List the parts Identify a reminding word Note a LINCing story Create a LINCing picture Self-test

6 Question Exploration Guide
Text Reference Name: Course Lesson Unit Critical Question #: Title Date: 1 What is the Critical Question? How has US foreign policy changed since the end of WWII? 1) A country with the military, political, and economic strength to influence events worldwide. 2) A contest in which nations compete to build more and more powerful weapons. 3) The idea that if one country fell to communism, neighboring countries would follow. 4) A fighter who works as part of a small band to make hit-and-run attacks. 2 Key Terms Superpower Arms race Domino theory guerrilla 3 The Cold war was essentially a competition between two very different ways of organizing government, society, and the economy: the American-led western nations’ belief in democracy, individual freedom, and a market economy, and the Soviet belief in a totalitarian state and socialism. The US anti-communist strategy was one of containment in Asia. This led to America’s involvement in the Korean and Vietnamese Wars. Reagan came into the presidency calling the USSR the “Evil Empire” and arguing that only a well armed US could halt the spread of communism. Reagan increased defense spending by 50% and sent millions of dollars in arms to the government of Afghanistan to fight the USSR. George H.W. Bush along with Soviet leader Gorbachev agreed to the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty which had about 20% of each nation’s nuclear weapons destroyed. Presidents Clinton, G.W. Bush, and Obama have all had to deal with ever deteriorating relations with Middle Eastern countries. What are the Supporting Questions and answers? What are the origins of the Cold War? How did the US respond to the threat of communist expansion? What was President Ronald Reagan’s role in the collapse of the Soviet Union? How have presidents shaped American foreign policy since 1988? The main idea behind the question of how US foreign policy has changed since the end of WWII is that the Cold War dominated US foreign policy until the collapse of the USSR in The US foreign policy immediately following WWII was one of containment of communism. However after public opinion for this policy turned during the Vietnam War the US has tried to maintain its position as a superpower and after the USSR collapse the only superpower. This has led the US into conflicts with other nations, who view the US as the police officer of the globe. 4 5 How can we use the main idea? 6 Is there an Overall Idea? Is there a real-world use? The main idea can be use to help shape America’s current foreign policy and hopefully lead to peaceful and successful endings in the Iraq and Afghanistan Wars that are currently being fought. Being the most powerful nation on the planet comes with many rewards but even more responsibilities. The same can be said in life, the more power one has the more responsibility as well. Bulgren KU-CRL 2/01 1


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