Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

The British-German-US Relationship Psychological Foundations of the relationship WILTON PARK BRITISH-GERMAN FORUM 2005 Monday 11 – Friday 15 July 2005.

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "The British-German-US Relationship Psychological Foundations of the relationship WILTON PARK BRITISH-GERMAN FORUM 2005 Monday 11 – Friday 15 July 2005."— Presentation transcript:

1 The British-German-US Relationship Psychological Foundations of the relationship WILTON PARK BRITISH-GERMAN FORUM 2005 Monday 11 – Friday 15 July 2005 Dr Nicholas Beecroft Psychiatrist

2 Empathy/Understanding British-American Empathy is highest, but not as high as the Germans think.

3 Respect

4 Trust British-American trust highest but Brits trust the Americans less than vice versa

5 Loyalty/Commitment British-American loyalty & commitment highest.

6 Emotional attachment Britain-US by far the highest

7 Emotions Feelings about:by themselvesBy others GermanyLiking, Affinity, Love, Concern, Anxiety Liking, Affinity UKLiking, hope, backward- looking Liking, affinity, affection, confidence, respect, selfish, cold, ambivalence USAPride, fear, loveWorry, admiration, ambivalence, anger Germany & UK liked more than US Everyone likes their own country, especially the Germans No difference between UK/German feelings about US People respect and like UK but think its selfish and cold Lots of angry and resentful feelings about US US is feared by 50% but also respected, admired

8 Communication British-American communication is better (but less than the British and Germans think)

9 Mutual benefit of cooperation German-US lower than others

10 Shared values and beliefs Britain closer to others

11 Shared interests German-US lower

12 Shared identity British-US closest

13 German thinking about Foreign Policy Germany values –international law –human rights –multilateralism –peaceful solutions –rejection of power-politics –European project more than global role –Foreign policy should not purely be based on self-interest Germany limited by –its role in the 20th century World Wars –domestic problems –Not willing to take responsibility outside of its borders

14 British thinking about Foreign Policy Thinks Global, not European –Imperial habits, global experience –Optimistic about opportunities from globalisation –Perceives itself as a leading nation –Bridge between US and EU –Partner of US in managing the international system –thinks it can play Athens to Americas Rome Thinking –Pragmatic, Empiricist –trust own instincts, ready to go it alone –Rational, calculating in its self-interest –expects respect but doesnt respect others –Less multilateral than Germany, more than US –Self-righteous as a defender of the weak –After a century of decline, there is a new self-confidence on the global stage

15 US thinking about Foreign Policy Proud, patriotic and self-confident as the only superpower –Determined to maintain its dominance –Believe that their values are universal –More unilateralist –Reluctant to shoulder responsibilities of global hegemon –believe they have a unique opportunity to shape the world –short-termism over long term challenges –Paradoxically insular (in spite of global power and nation of immigrants) –Lack insight into their unpopularity in some places –As ever, torn between those who are isolationist versus the democratic imperialists War on terror mentality Missionary zeal –founding myth –religious undertones) –Belief in specialness of US –Moral superiority

16 Competition Germans & US: British-German most competitive British: see all 3 equally competitive

17 Rational co-operation Britain perceived as best at it by others

18 Manipulation/ Coercion British-German least manipulative

19 Overall Relationship Britain & US closest (empathy, respect, trust, loyalty, identity, emotional attachment) Germany much closer to Britain than US German feelings towards US not reciprocated

20 German Foreign Policy Behaviour Style –Submissive, apologetic, passive –Economic, not cultural or political leadership –Talks, doesnt lead –Co-operative –Responsible –Cautious –Slowly growing assertiveness Specifics –lobbying for a role on the UN Security Council –Very active in EU –Use of force in Afghanistan –Opposition to Iraq war

21 British Foreign Policy Behaviour Reliable partner/poodle of the USA Influenced heavily by the US Pragmatic pick-and-choose on EU level Very active in defending its interests Tries to lead globally Interventionist, activist Acts as mediator and facilitator Prepared to use force Multilateral approach

22 US Foreign Policy Behaviour Boldly pursues its own interests Very unilateralist Coalition-building according to security interests Use power to gain compliance Use moral and security arguments to advance economic agenda Double standards Doctrine of pre-emption rather than containment or balance Democratic, economic and cultural imperialism Irrational attachment to Israel Promotes integrated but submissive Europe Missing an opportunity to build global governance for the long term

23 British-German cooperation Co-operation regarding US is moderately low (2/5) Fall-out over Iraq was more the exception than the rule Competition primarily in business and in football Business-like co-operation in EU, NATO, UN –American-EU trade disputes –Peacekeeping in Afghanistan –CFSP- e.g. Iranian nuclear programme –UK officially supports Germany quest for a permanent seat in the SC

24 Barriers to British-German Cooperation regarding the US The UK-US special relationship –Exclusive British-American security co-operation (Security Council, Nuclear, intelligence, Iraq) –British culture, language and history much closer to US than Germany –UK economy much closer to US structure –Britain trusts the US much more than it does Germany British-German factors –Britain doesnt want Germany to be an equal partner in relation to the US –Different attitudes towards the use of (military) force in international relations –Germany much closer to France and Russia –Germany much more committed to EU integration –Historical baggage from WW1 & 2 Political –Different attitudes to the current US administration –Differences with regard to the preferred economic/social model

25 How could Britain and Germany co-operate better with each other in dealing with the USA? Co-operate where there is shared interest and dont waste time arguing where they disagree Make EU CFSP a success Co-operate on Iraqs future Improve French co-operation with UK and US Regime change in US (and Germany!) Build a culture of organisational co-operation No room for improvement

Download ppt "The British-German-US Relationship Psychological Foundations of the relationship WILTON PARK BRITISH-GERMAN FORUM 2005 Monday 11 – Friday 15 July 2005."

Similar presentations

Ads by Google