2What is meant by site? Site is the actual location of a city. Example… NYC is located on a large, deep water harbor, next to the Atlantic Ocean.
3What is meant by situation? Situation is another name for relative location—the location of a city with respect to other geographic features, regions, resources, and transport routes.NYC became the most prominent trade and finance center in the US during the late 1800’s. Due to its position as a terminal for trade goods on the ship-navigable Hudson River to and from the rest of New England, and as a major port-of-call on the Atlantic Circular Trade Route.
4Examples of Site Harbor sites: the site of a natural harbor New York CityAlexandria, EgyptIstanbul, TurkeyIsland sites: the site of islands in strategic locationsParis (originally located on an island in the Seine River)Hong KongSingaporeFall line sites: sites where a river meets a waterfallRichmond, Virginia
5Examples of Site Confluence sites: cities located where rivers meet Khartoum, SudanPittsburgh, PennsylvaniaHilltop sites: cities located on hilltopsRome, Athens, Jerusalem
6Examples of SiteOasis sites: cities that developed in the desert where caravans stopped for water.Damascus, SyriaSites where rivers narrowLondon, EnglandQuebec City, Quebec
7Examples of SituationCommand of land between the Tigris and Euphrates riversBaghdad, IraqCommand of straits and land bridge to EuropeIstanbul, TurkeyFocal point of religious pilgrimageMecca, Saudi Arabia;Varanasi (Benares), India—Cities that grew up along trade routesSamarkand, Uzbekistan and Xi’an, China (the Silk Road)Timbuktu, Mali (Trans-Sahara trade)Singapore— (maritime trade)
8Examples of Situation Supply station for ships Capetown, South AfricaCities that grew up along the U.S. Transcontinental RailroadOmaha, NebraskaSacramento, CaliforniaCities that grew up along the Trans-Siberian RailroadNovosibirsk, RussiaVladivostok, Russia