Presentation on theme: "The Cold War Abroad Vs. The United States The Soviet Union."— Presentation transcript:
1The Cold War AbroadVs.The United StatesThe Soviet Union
2Learning TargetsDescribe the Iron Curtain, the division in Europe and why this occurred.Predict the impact of the U.S. policy of containment on international affairs.Analyze the situation in Berlin and create a plan to deal with the situation.Evaluate the impact of actions surrounding the Cold War on events in the world.
3Post World War II Plans • European nations to be democratic, Yalta Meeting (Feb. 1945):• European nations to be democratic,United Nations created
4Post World War II Plans • Germany and Berlin divided into 4 zones Potsdam conference (July 1945):• Germany and Berlin divided into 4 zones(USA, S.U., G.B., France)
5Iron Curtain Stalin wanted barrier between S.U. and Germany Satellite states: communist Eastern European nations under Soviet control
6“From Stettin in the North to Trieste in the south, an iron curtain has descended over Europe.” Winston Churchill to Americans in Speech
18GERMANY West Germany (US, GB, F) East Germany (USSR) BERLIN US, GB, F XXXXUS, GB, FXUSSRXXXXXXX
19SituationAs a result of the Marshall Plan, West Berlin is enjoying democracy and prosperity.USSR does not want East Berlin to know of western ideas or prosperity.Blockade of all roads, canals and rail lines results!West Berlin only has enough food and coal for a little over a month.What to do???
20ChallengeWestern allies (US, GB, F) must get food and supplies to West BerlinEast Germany/USSR must try to enforce blockade and prevent supplies from entering West Berlin
21Rules No physical contact Cannot cross line West Berliners must stay in their seats
22Reflection What did each side do? How effective was it? Explain. What would be a better plan?
23Berlin Airlift (1948-1949) Berliners left Soviet zone weak & others prospered, so manyBerliners left
24Berlin Airlift (1948-1949) Stalin blockaded West Berlin to stop this Soviets closed Berlin’s railway lines, canals, roads. W. Berlin had 36 days of supplies.
25Berlin Airlift ( )Allies airlift supplies until blockade endedLasted 11months!“OperationVittles”
26Every ten minutes a plane took off with supplies for West Berlin. 327 days 277,000 flights 2.5 million tons of supplies
27NATO (1949) and Warsaw Pact defensive military alliances created North Atlantic Treaty Organization (U.S. & W.Europe)Soviet Warsaw Pact (S.U. and E. Europe)
30Nuclear Arms Race 1952--U.S. invents Hydrogen "super" bomb, Soviet H-Bomb 18 mths. laterled to nuclear deterrence (no attack b/c both destroyed)Test onEniwetok Atoll100 miles wide57,000 ft. tallvaporized the island80 times morepowerful than theatomic bomb2.7 miles at centerAll is destroyed
31New Policies President Dwight Eisenhower: Use armed forces vs. nukes Nikita Khrushchev:“peaceful coexistence”President EisenhowerNikita Khrushchev