2“ To quote some paleo-climate experts ‘Climate change is redundant “ To quote some paleo-climate experts ‘Climate change is redundant.’ It’s not that the climate doesn’t change, but that it changes so often” – Paul Martinp.61Photograph by NASA, Hurricane RitaTornadosFloodsBlizzardsHeat WavesHurricanesAlso…EarthquakesVolcanoesPhotograph by UnknownEarth is ever changing.
3Chapter 3: The City Without Us Photo illustration by John Blackford; original photograph by Cameron DavidsonNYC would flood without humans controlling 753 water pumpsWithin a half an hour water would close tunnels, leading to impassable trains left on their tracksGas lines ignite causing firesBuilt structure made from steel would corrode after years of being submerged in salt water, collapsing like trees in a forestAmsterdam, Chicago, San Francisco, Hong KongPhotograph by Randall Scott Hornung
4Chapter 8: What LastsPhotograph fromPhotograph fromHighly reinforced, excellent grade of concrete, which varies throughout the worldQuality masonry, such as the Acropolis or underground cities such as Derinkuyu, Cappadocia, TurkeyMount Rushmore carved from Precambrian granite will remain for 7.2 million more yearsPhotograph from
5Chapter 9: Polymers are forever Active Ingredients: Salicylic Acid (2%) (For treatment of acne) Inactive Ingredients: Water (Aqua), Juglans Regia (Walnut) Shell Powder, Glyceryl Stearate SE, Propylene Glycol, Sodium Laureth Sulfate, Zea Mays (Corn) Kernel Meal, Cetearyl Alcohol, Cocamidopropyl Betaine, Cetyl Alcohol, Trithanolamine, Glyceryl Stearate, PEG 100 Stearate, Prunus Armeniaca (Apricot) Fruit Extract, Salix Alba (Willow) Bark Extract, Chamomilla Recutita (Matricaria) Flower Extract, Helianthus Annus (Sunflower) Extract, Primula Veris Extract, Sambucus Nigra Flower Extract, Acetylated Lanolin Alcohol, Carbomer, Ceteareth 20, Cetyl Acetate, Polysorbate 60, Sodium Chloride, Sorbitol, Phenoxyethanol, Methylparaben, Ethylparaben, Propylparaben, Fragrance (Parfum), Titanium Dioxide (CI 77891)IngredientsWater, Sodium Cocoyl Isethionate, Propylene Glycol, Stearic Acid, Cetearyl Alcohol, Cocamidopropyl Betaine, Oxidized Polyethylene, Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate, Sodium Lauryl Sulfoacetate, Sodium Lauroyl Sarcosinate, Tocopheryl Acetate (Vitamin E), Camellia Sinensis Leaf Extract (Tea), Simmondsia Chinensis Seed Extract (Jojoba), Bambusa Arundinacea Stem Extract (Bamboo), Vitis Vinifera Seed Extract (Grape), Betula Alba Extract (White Birch), Cucumis Oblongus Extract (Cucumber), Kaolin (White Clay), Saccharomyces Potassium Ferment, Tocopherol, Agar, Polyethylene, Magnesium Aluminum Silicate, Disodium EDTA, Fragrance, Hydroxypropyl Methylcellulose, DMDM Hydantoin, Iodopropynyl Butylcarbamate, Ultramarine Blue (CI 77007)Photographs and Ingredients fromAvoiding polymers which do not degrade at any practical time scale, such as polyethylene, polystyrene, acrylic textiles, Plexiglas, polypropylene, polyurethaneJojoba seeds, apricot hulls, coarse sugar, sea salt and/or ground walnut shells decompose quickerKnow how and what, plastics are made fromRecycled or recyclable construction material
6Chapter 11: The World Without Farms Photographs by Randall Scott HornungFields would return to forests without maintenanceStructures devoured by local floraFauna would return to inhabit any enclosed structureWithout hunting and gathering, lands would return to pre-agricultural states
7Chapter 18: Art Beyond UsNoble metals – copper, bronze, gold, platinum, silverCeramics last, even when smashedPhotograph fromAntimenes Painter photograph from wikimedia.org
8Diagram by Jon Lomberg for the Voyager Spacecraft The extreme change in climate can be attributed toward homo sapiens, not so much ‘climate change’. We altered the world with the birth of the Industrial Age. Earth has the ability to heal itself, much like us.Diagram by Jon Lomberg for the Voyager Spacecraft