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1 What you need to know about Financial Aid: 2013-2014 Jeff Olson Director of Financial Aid Bethel University.

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Presentation on theme: "1 What you need to know about Financial Aid: 2013-2014 Jeff Olson Director of Financial Aid Bethel University."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 What you need to know about Financial Aid: Jeff Olson Director of Financial Aid Bethel University

2 2 How to apply Sources of aid Types of aid –Military Service –Tuition Reciprocity Education Tax Benefits How does saving for college impact financial aid eligibility? lege.org/pdfGR/PayingFo rCollege.pdf

3 3 Students and Families –On-line applications –Financial aid estimator –Tuition & fees for 5-state area –Preparing, selecting and paying for college

4 4 Explore careers –Career planning, assessment tests, job outlook, working conditions, wages Plan your education –Find a college, program, K-12 class, apprenticeship, Adult Basic Education Find a job –Workforce centers, job listings, resumes, unemployment benefits, interviewing

5 5 College Goal Events!! Volunteers at events will help families complete the FAFSA line by line Parents and students should bring W2’s, tax return forms and records of untaxed benefits to event for reference Events take place throughout the spring For further information and dates/sites for MN:

6 6 Overview What is financial aid? Where to apply? –FAFSA - Federal, State and Institutional Aid –Common Definitions –Need-Based Financial Aid –IRS Data Retrieval and Tax Return Transcripts When to apply? How much financial aid will I receive? Try out a Net Price Calculator! Questions

7 7 What is Financial Aid? Funds provided to students and families to help pay for postsecondary educational expenses –Grants –Scholarships –Loans –Employment Opportunities

8 8 What is a Grant? Gift aid (free money) Used to pay educational expenses Typically based on need Examples –Federal Pell Grant –MN State Grant –“School” Grant

9 9 What is a Scholarship? Gift Aid (free money) Typically based on merit or circumstance Examples –Minnesota Indian Scholarship –Athletics –Academic –Leadership

10 10 What is a Loan? Money needs to be repaid – with interest Common types of Educational Loans –Federal Perkins –Direct Loans Direct Subsidized (formerly Subsidized Stafford) Direct Unsubsidized (formerly Unsubsidized Stafford) Direct PLUS (Parent Loan for Undergraduate Students) –Minnesota SELF (Student Educational Loan Fund) –Private

11 11 What is Student Employment (Work Study)? Opportunity to work while going to college Funding sources –State –Federal –College Guaranteed? Types of work –On-campus –Off-campus

12 12 How to Reduce Cost of College? Differential Pricing –Tuition Reciprocity –Reduced Tuition Income Tax Benefits Financial Aid –Federal Government –State Government –Colleges and Universities –Private and public sources

13 13 - Tuition Reciprocity No changes to agreements that affect MN residents Allows MN residents to attend in neighboring states at rate similar to MN resident rate Apply directly to ND or SD college if recent MN high school graduate Apply directly to colleges in Manitoba All other students must submit application to Office of Higher Education in MN –Apply on-line for after March 1, 2013 at: –www.getreadyforcollege.org Reduced rates for MN residents attending select schools in Illinois, Michigan, Missouri, Kansas, Nebraska under Midwestern Student Exchange Program (MSEP)

14 14 Higher Education Income Tax Benefits American Opportunity Tax Credit –Credit of up to $2,500 per eligible student Extended for 5 years** Lifetime Learning Tax Credit Coverdell Education Savings Account (Permanently extends**) Penalty Free IRA Withdrawals Tuition and Fees Deduction ( extends for 2 years**) Student Loan Interest Deduction (permanently extends**) Check with your tax preparer ** American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012

15 15 Where to find private scholarships Research what is available in school, community and parents’ employers To what organizations and churches does student and family belong? Application process usually spring of senior year Small scholarships add up! –www.finaid.org/scholarships

16 Minnesota Undergraduate Grants & Scholarships ($1.5 billion) Private –$69 million State –$198 million Federal –$552 million Colleges & Universities –$661 million Source: MN Office of Higher Education, Financial Aid Awarded, Fiscal Year 2011, Grants, Loans and Earnings from Work-Study, August, 2012,

17 17 Need-Based Financial Aid 101 Need-based aid Free Application for Federal Student Aid –Terms –Application Tips

18 Average Tuition and Fees Technical & Community Colleges $5,358 State Universities $7,658 University of Minnesota $13,526 Private Career Colleges $13,689 Private Colleges & Universities $33,373

19 19 Other Costs The cost of attending an institution includes more than just tuition and fees. Also included are: Room and Board Books and Supplies Transportation Personal Expenses Extra $10,000 to $15,000 on top of tuition and fees

20 20 Definitions: Expected Family Contribution The amount the Federal Government thinks families can contribute for a year of college Parent contribution (PC) + Student Contribution (SC) = Expected Family Contribution (EFC) Based on results of Free Application for Federal Student Aid (www.fafsa.gov)www.fafsa.gov Not the same as School Bill!!

21 21 Definition of “Needy Student” Cost of attendance (COA) – Expected family contribution (EFC) = Needy (may be considered for need-based financial aid)

22 22 FAFSA: Free Application for Federal Student Aid Apply on-line at –NOT fafsa.com –NOT fafsaontheweb.com –NOT fafsaonline.com This application is used to determine eligibility for many types of financial aid Apply once taxes are completed, or by school deadline MN State Grant deadline is 30 days after the beginning of the term of study (e.g. Sept 30 if fall term begins on Sept 1)

23 23

24 24 FAFSA on the Web (FOTW) Apply Retrieve IRS data Reapply Apply for PIN Find college codes Check status of FAFSA Make corrections Add additional colleges Print SARs Spanish FAFSA:

25 25 Definitions: Independent Student 1.Born before January 1, 1990? 2.As of today, is student separated or married? 3.Enrolled in graduate program (e.g. MBA)? 4.Active Duty or veteran of U.S. military? 5.Have children or others that receive more than 50% of their support from you? 6.At any time since you turned age 13, were both your parents deceased, were you in foster care or were you a dependent or ward of the court? 7.Are or were you an emancipated minor as determined by a court in your state of legal residence? 8.Are you or were you in legal guardianship as determined by a court in your state of legal residence? 9.Homeless?

26 26 Definitions: Untaxed Income Untaxed = Not Included in calculation of Adjusted Gross Income Examples –Payments to tax deferred pension/savings plans –IRA deductions (SEP, SIMPLE, Keogh, etc.) –Child support received –Housing Allowance for military or clergy

27 27 FAFSA on the Web IRS Data Retrieval Approximately 84% of families are eligible to use the IRS data retrieval process to populate the FOTW Who CAN’T use IRS data retrieval: –Married couples who filed separate tax returns –Tax filing status is head of household –Filed an amended return –Filed Puerto Rican or foreign tax return –Filed tax return too recently –Applicants whose marital status changed since January 1 of the processing year Amended return tax filers must submit original 1040 and 1040x

28 28 FAFSA on the Web IRS Data Retrieval If family can’t use IRS Data Retrieval, will need to produce official IRS Tax Return Transcript if selected for verification Online: –www.irs.gov/Individuals/Order-a-Transcript –Must type in SSN, name and address exactly as it appears on tax return –Can look up zip code at: to get exact street address Phone: 1 (800) Paper: Form 4506-T

29 29 FAFSA on the Web IRS Data Retrieval If applicant indicates filed taxes on FOTW, will be prompted to use optional IRS data interface IRS data available: –2 weeks after federal tax forms filed electronically (70% of filers) –8-10 weeks after paper federal tax forms filed (some have experienced longer delays) Not available until any tax owed the IRS is paid

30 30 Not all income data transfers from IRS! IRS Data Retrieval Adjusted Gross Income Federal Tax Paid # of Exemptions? Untaxed Income –IRA deductions –Tax exempt interest –Untaxed IRA distributions –Untaxed pension Hand Enter on FAFSA Type of tax return Income earned from work Additional Financial Info –Child support paid –Work-Study earnings, etc. Untaxed Income –Payments to tax deferred savings (e.g. 401(k)) –Child Support Received –Housing Allowance, etc. Asset questions

31 31 Providing Parents’ Information on FAFSA Married. If biological/adoptive parents married, report information for both parents Divorced or Separated. If biological/ adoptive parents are divorced or separated, provide information for parent: –Student lived with the most in last year –Or, if lived equal periods with each parent, parent who provided the most financial support in last year or most recent year support provided If that parent remarried, include stepparent’s information, even if stepparent did not adopt student –Note: Unlike FAFSA, CSS Profile form will require information for non-custodial parent

32 32 Providing Parents’ Information on FAFSA Not Married, living together. If student’s biological/adoptive parents are living together but not married, provide information for parent who provided the most financial support in the previous year or most recent year support was provided Generally, this is parent with highest income Single or Widowed. If biological/adoptive parent is single or widowed, provide information about surviving parent If surviving parent remarried, include stepparent’s information, even if stepparent did not adopt student

33 33 Providing Parents’ Information on FAFSA Others filling role of parents –Grandparents, foster parents, other relatives and legal guardians are NOT considered parents on the FAFSA unless they legally adopted student Do NOT substitute information about above parties in parent section on FAFSA

34 34 Definitions: Business Value Do not include family farm Do not include value of a small business that you (or spouse or parents) own and control and has 100 or fewer full-time employees (FTE).

35 35 Definitions: Investments Include… –“Other” Real estate –Trust funds –UGMA & UTMA accounts –Money market –Stocks –Certificate of Deposit –Coverdell savings accounts –529 Savings plans –Refund value of 529 prepaid tuition plans Do Not Include… –Home you live in –Value of life insurance –Retirement plans (pension, annuities, non-education IRAs, Keogh plans, etc) –Prepaid tuition plans –Cash, savings and checking (these funds are reported separately on FAFSA)

36 36 Do parents’ assets affect eligibility for Grants?

37 Asset Protection Allowance minimizes impact of assets in financial aid calculation Asset Protection Allowance Applies to parents of Dependent student who report assets on FAFSA Amount varies with age: Parent ages 40-50: –1 parent: about $250 x age of parent –2 parents: about $800 x age of older parent Age of Older Parent as of 12/31/13 Asset Protection Allowance 2 Parents1 Parent 45$36,200$10,600 46$37,100$10,800 47$38,000$11,100 48$39,000$11,300 49$39,900$11,600 50$40,900$11,900 60$53,500$15, $61,800$17,400

38 38 FAFSA Errors to Avoid Name (match name on Social Security Card) Social Security Numbers Parent of Record: Divorced/remarried parental information Income earned by parents/stepparents U.S. income taxes paid (does not include self- employment taxes) Number of household members in college –Exclude Post-Secondary (PSEO) students

39 39 FAFSA Results Fafsa On the Web –An estimate of the Pell Grant award amount –An indication of student loan eligibility –Links to College Navigator for detailed college information – programs offered, tuition rates, graduation rates, etc. Student Aid Report – notification with link to student’s SAR online if student’s address provided on: Paper FAFSA (takes 2 weeks) FAFSA on the Web (takes 1-2 days if electronically signed with PIN; 2 weeks if mailed in signature page) –Paper SAR mailed if no address on FAFSA 4 weeks paper FAFSA; 1 week FAFSA on the Web

40 40 FAFSA Corrections If a correction to applicant data is needed, the correction may be made: –By the school, –Using Corrections on the Web –On the paper Student Aid Report (SAR)

41 41 Changes to Verification Regulations Not all students are selected for verification! 5 Categories of Verification for –V1 – Standard: Income, family Size, # in college –V2 – Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program –V3 – Child Support Paid –V4 – Custom: High School, Identity, SNAP, Child Support Paid –V5 – Aggregate: everything If unable to use IRS data retrieval, school will require an official IRS Tax Return Transcript rather than copy of tax return.

42 42 Special Circumstances Contact the financial aid office if you have special circumstances to appeal –Non-discretionary –Unusual Examples –Loss of job –Medical expenses above norm for your family size –K-12 tuition expenses –Dependency override –Parent’s college tuition expenses

43 43 When to apply? Grants & Scholarships –Institutional Aid: varies –Private Aid: varies (Feb 1) –FAFSA: after January 1 Loans –Varies (Bethel – July 1 priority) Student Employment –Varies (Bethel – May 10)

44 44 Net Price Calculators 44 Google “Net Price Calculator” and “name of school” Using certain inputs entered by student, will calculate net price of college after gift aid is subtracted from gross price Estimated “Total Cost of Attendance” Minus estimated “Gift Aid” = Estimated Net Price Some schools add additional calculation Estimated Direct Costs (tuition, fees, room & board) Minus estimated “Grants & Scholarships” = Estimated Net Direct Costs

45 45 Sample Data for Net Price Calculators Dependent Student, Age 18 Minnesota Resident Parents married, 1 sibling not in college (family of 4 with 1 in college) Parents’ Adjusted Gross Income $30-$39,000 High School GPA 3.00+

46 46 Century College (continued)

47 47 Net Price Calculator St. Cloud State University

48 48 Net Price Calculator University of Minnesota, Twin Cities

49 49 Net Price Calculator University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, Continued

50 50 Macalester Net Price Calculator

51 Estimated Net Price (MN Dependent student, parents married, 4 in family, 1 in college, $30,000 AGI, Reportable assets <$20,000 Century CC Tuition 4,690 Other Costs 19,092 Total Cost of Attendance 23,782 Gift Aid (5,296) Estimated Net Price $18,486 Century: St. Cloud State: U of MN: Bethel: Macalester: Century CC St. Cloud State Tuition 4,6906,330 Other Costs 19,09210,100 Total Cost of Attendance 23,78216,430 Gift Aid (5,296)(7,486) Estimated Net Price $18,486$8,944 Century CC St. Cloud State U of MN Tuition 4,6906,33013,060 Other Costs 19,09210,10010,922 Total Cost of Attendance 23,78216,43023,982 Gift Aid (5,296)(7,486)(12,450) Estimated Net Price $18,486$8,944$11,532 Century CC St. Cloud State U of MNBethel Tuition 4,6906,33013,06029,460 Other Costs 19,09210,10010,92211,840 Total Cost of Attendance 23,78216,43023,98241,300 Gift Aid (5,296)(7,486)(12,450)(23,300) Estimated Net Price $18,486$8,944$11,532$18,000 Century CC St. Cloud State U of MNBethelMacalester Tuition 4,6906,33013,06029,46042,021 Other Costs 19,09210,10010,92211,84011,394 Total Cost of Attendance 23,78216,43023,98241,30053,415 Gift Aid (5,296)(7,486)(12,450)(23,300)(45,315) Estimated Net Price $18,486$8,944$11,532$18,000$8,100

52 52 Next Steps Seniors –Refine career goals –Apply for admission –Complete FAFSA –Apply for private scholarships NOTE: Financial Aid Deadlines vary by school! Juniors & Younger –Explore career options –Focus college search –Begin search for private scholarships

53 53 Review Who should apply? –Everyone who is interested in reducing net price of college What is financial aid? –Grant, Scholarship, Loan, Work opportunity, Tax credit Where to apply? –www.fafsa.govwww.fafsa.gov –Schools –Private organizations (www.finaid.org)www.finaid.org –Community groups – thru High School Guidance Office When to apply? –Annually, normally in spring Why look for private scholarships? –Reduce amount you need to borrow How do schools account for unique circumstances? –Appeal Process

54 54 Questions? Paying for College pdfGR/PayingForCollege.pdf Contact Guidance Counselor Contact financial aid offices where your students are applying Feel free to


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