6 Question: Who is responsible for your safety? What’s In it For Me?Reminder on how to protect yourself from chemical and physical hazardsSatisfy OSHA requirement for annual trainingWe want you to go home safely at the end of each work dayQuestion: Who is responsible for your safety?
7 BethelAnswer: You!Lead in to next slide with a statement of “Yes, OSHA requires training. And the district will provide all the tools and training to make sure you can be safe while on the job. But it is YOUR responsibility to use the PPE and follow the procedures. Why are you safe? I am safe so that I can go home to these guys every night (click slide)
8 Reasons to Work Safe Family Friends Gardens Pets Hobbies Travel Yourself
9 ERK Overview The ERK coordinator for your district is Terry Zerwas The ERK standard requires employers to make employees aware of hazardous substances and/or agents that may be encountered at work
10 ERK Overview Responsibility Hazard determination by employers Written programMaterial Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs)Labels and other warningsMethods of protectionEmergency procedures
11 Changes - GHSGlobally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of ChemicalsDefining health, physical and environmental hazards;Creating classification processes using available data on chemicalsCommunicating hazard information, and protective measures, on labels and Safety Data Sheets (SDS).
12 Health EffectsAcuteGenerally manifests quickly (either immediately or within days after an exposure).An example would be an acid spill on skin. The acute effect is immediate irritation or corrosion of the skin.ChronicUsually takes longer to develop through repeated exposures.Usually targets certain organs (i.e. asbestos targets the lungs).An individual may not be able to sense the exposure.
13 Categories of Chemical Hazards Toxic – kills living cellsIrritant – causes inflammation of tissuesCorrosive – irreversibly destroys or alters tissuesOxidizer – enhances combustion of other materialsSensitizer – causes exaggerated allergic-type responseFlammable – capable of being easily ignited and burning quickly
14 Categories of HazardsReactive – causes rapid chemical reactions such as temperature increases, pressure buildup, or noxious/toxic/corrosive byproductsCarcinogen – causes cancer or has the potential to cause cancerMutagen – causes mutation of DNA or chromosomesTeratogen – causes physical defects of developing embryo or fetusReproductive Agents – causes sexual dysfunction, sterility, infertility
15 Harmful Physical Agents Physical agents may also be present in the workplaceHeatNoiseVibrationsIonizing radiationNon-ionizing radiation
16 Harmful Physical Agents defined April 17Harmful Physical Agents definedHeat can be a byproduct of work. The body cools itself through increased blood flow to the skin and through perspiration. Working in a hot environment can alter the body's natural defenses against heat. Heat stress is rarely a hazard within a school district; however, the district’s staff is informed of the potential for heat stress during summer months and is instructed to take frequent breaks in a cooler environment and increase liquid intake to help guard against heat stress and heat stroke.Federal OSHA sets specific standards for noise exposure in 29 CFR Protection would be provided by the district when employee noise exposure exceeds OSHA’s Action Level of 85 decibels (dB) based on an eight-hour time-weighted average. Employees exposed to this level of noise would be covered in the district's Hearing Conservation Program.Vibrations are not typical in school settings; there is not a policy set to reduce/eliminate at this time.Ionizing radiation is found in X-ray equipment, radioactive materials, and a variety of other equipment. The potential for over-exposure to this type of radiation does not usually exist in schools and no plans to reduce or eliminate exposure have been developed for the district.Non-ionizing radiation can come from equipment such as microwaves, televisions, baby monitors, or AM/FM clock radios. It is different from ionizing radiation in that it is non-cumulative. This type of radiation is only hazardous in extremely high amounts, not typically associated with school districts. Therefore, the district does not have a policy to eliminate this type of hazard from the workplace.physical hazards information
17 GHS Changes Health Hazards Acute Toxicity Skin Corrosion/Irritation Serious Eye Damage/Eye IrritationRespiratory or Skin SensitizationGerm Cell MutagenicityCarcinogenicityReproductive ToxicityTarget Organ Systemic Toxicity – Single and Repeated DoseChanges to Federal HazCom Standard. Include health hazards, physical hazards, label pictograms, and SDS (formerly MSDS)MN will have to meet the federal standard, and may have additional changes (most likely to require annual training like with Employee Right to Know)
18 Health Hazards Classifications Hazard ClassHazard CategoryAcute Toxicity1234Skin Corrosion/Irritation1A1B1CSerious Eye Damage/ Eye Irritation2A2BRespiratory or Skin SensitizationGerm Cell MutagenicityCarcinogenicityReproductive ToxicityLactationSTOT –Specific Target OrganToxicity - Single ExposureSTOT –Repeated ExposureAspirationSimple AsphyxiantsSingle CategoryThis slide provides a handy table that you may find useful. It contains all of the health hazard classes covered under Hazcom in the left column, and then provides their corresponding hazard categories in the right column.I would also like to point out that simple asphyxiants has been added to the bottom of this table.It is italicized in the table because Simple asphyxiants is not one of the 10 health hazards addressed in Appendix A. This is because it is not one of the harmonized hazard classes in the GHS.But, since simple asphyxiants are already covered under Hazcom 1994, and OSHA didn’t want to diminish protections, simple asphyxiants have been addressed separately in the final rule, with a definition provided in paragraph (c) and the required label elements provided in Appendix C.18
20 Physical HazardsThis table shows the hazard classes and categories OSHA adopted in its final rule.As with health hazards, OSHA tried to maintain the scope of Haz Com 1994 for physical hazards in Haz Com Therefore, you will notice this list also includes pyrophoric gases and combustible dusts.The definition for pyrophoric gas is contained in paragraph (c) and the label elements are presented in Appendix C.For combustible dust, we are treating as we always have. The definition for this hazard is provided in the Combustible Dust NEP (Directive CPL ). Guidance on this hazard is provided using existing documents, including those on OSHA’s webpage. In addition there are a number of voluntary consensus standards (particularly those from NFPA) that address combustible dust.Deana will now talk about the hazard communication program and labels.2020202020
21 Intermediate District 287 April 17Routes of EntryDermal or SkinAbsorptionDirect contactOpen woundInhalationThroat and lungsIngestionMouth / gastrointestinal tractDirectly into the EyeInjection – Needle StickMay 16, 2012
22 Material Safety Data Sheets Manufacturer’s recommendation on how to use the chemical safelyAll chemicals should have an MSDS available. Each time a new chemical is acquired it must be added to the binder located in your department.
23 Changes – Safety Data Sheets With GHS, OSHA is requiring chemical manufacturers and distributors to update their MSDSs to SDSsOSHA has provided a 16 section template of all the information the chemical manufacturers and distributors shall useThe have until June, 2015 to provide the new SDSs
24 Safety Data Sheet Format Identification of the substance or mixture and of the supplierHazards identificationComposition/information on ingredientsFirst-aid measuresFire-fighting measuresAccidental release measuresHandling and storageExposure controls/personal protectionPhysical and chemical propertiesStability and reactivityToxicological informationEcological informationDisposal considerationsTransport informationRegulatory informationOther information, including date of preparation or last revision This slide lists the section headings of the SDS. To be consistent with the GHS, the revised standard requires that Sections 12 through 15 be listed on the SDS. Fed- OSHA will not be enforcing the content of these sections since much of this information is not regulated by OSHA.2424242424
25 MSDSonline® Web-based storage of district’s MSDSs Can be accessed by all employees without a user name or passwordSearch by product name or manufacturerEmployees can request an MSDS for new productsLocated on the district website:Business Office web page under MSDS
26 MSDSonline®This link will direct you to the district’s MSDSonline® web page.
27 MSDSonline® Through MSDSonline®, you can: Search chemicals’ SDSs View inventory of chemicals by locationsCreate secondary container labels
28 Labels All containers must be properly labeled Original containers from manufacturer should be adequately labeledSecondary containersIdentity of productAppropriate hazard warningsAvoid bringing chemicals from home!
29 Make sure all containers are labeled with a descriptive name and hazard warning.
30 Sample GHS LabelThis is a sample of what labels will look like as of June 2015.In the next couple of slides it will explain some of the new symbols that will be found on the new labels for compliance with GHS.
31 Pictogram Shape and Color Pictograms have a black symbol on a white background with a red diamond frame
35 Gas CylinderCompressed gasesLiquefied gasesDissolved gases
36 CorrosionSkin corrosionEye damageCorrosive to metals
37 Skull and CrossbonesAcute toxicity(fatal or severe toxicity)
38 Exclamation Mark Acute toxicity (harmful) Irritant Skin sensitizer Narcotic effectsTarget organ toxicityHazard to ozone layer (non- mandatory)
39 Health Hazard Carcinogen Mutagen Reproductive toxicity Respiratory sensitizerTarget organ toxicityAspiration hazard
40 9th Pictogram – Not Adopted by OSHA Environmental Toxicity
41 NFPA Label Blue = Health/Toxicity Red = Fire Hazard Yellow = ReactivityWhite = Special Information
42 Other Warning Systems v. GHS NFPA uses 0-4 scales with 4 being most hazardousHMIS uses 0-4 scales with 4 being most hazardousGHS uses 1- 4 scales with 1, 1A or Type A as most hazardous
43 Control or Eliminate the Hazard Ventilation - use local exhaustUse least toxic solvent/chemical possibleUse personal protective equipmentReduce speed or otherwise dampen noise on equipmentEmployees authorized to conduct Lockout/Tagout must shut off and lock-out all power sources, including electrical, mechanical, hydraulic, and pneumatic, before servicing or maintenance activities are performed on equipmentDo not eat or allow food in work areas
44 Methods of Protection Safety Goggles or Glasses Gloves Ear Protection Chemical splash goggles – use whenhandling chemicalsGlasses for wood dust, metal shavingsGlovesDisposable – only use once!Reusable – Heavy duty, clean immediately after useHeat resistantEar ProtectionEar plugsEar muffs
45 Methods of Protection Half-face respirator Dust mask If using a half-face respirator you must comply with the Respiratory Protection ProgramIf using N95/dust mask, user must review and sign “Voluntary User” form
46 Materials that are flammable should be kept in a flammables cabinet Materials that are flammable should be kept in a flammables cabinet. Fire extinguishers should not be kept in the cabinet!Materials that are flammable should be kept in a flammables cabinet. Fire extinguishers should not be kept in the cabinet!
47 Wash Your Hands!!! Use warm water Wet both hands and wrists Apply liquid soap to palms firstLather well, spread lather to back of hands and wristsScrub for at least 15 secondsRinse well and dry completelyTurn off faucet using disposable towels
48 Emergency Procedures Know where eyewash is located Immediately report to health officeif exposedContact supervisor for spills greater than one gallon
50 Machine GuardingAll hazards associated with a machine shall be guardedMachines shall be anchored to the floor or bench topGuards should never be taken offor moved aside – be a good rolemodel for students!If a guard breaks, take equipmentout of service and contact head custodian for repairGrinder wheels should have no more than ¼ inch space at top and 1/8 inch space at bottom
51 Hazardous Waste Must be labeled as “hazardous waste” with a descriptive name and datePaper towels, rags used for stains may be thrown in trashPaper towels, rags used for thinners must be disposed of as hazardous wasteAerosol cans that are empty may be thrown in trash; if there is any product left in an aerosol can it must be disposed of as hazardous wasteLatex paint may be thrown in trash if solid (no liquid left)Oil-based paints or stains must be disposed of as hazardous waste, regardless of liquid/solid
52 Electrical SafetyDo not service equipment unless it is locked out first.Only authorized employees are allowed to conduct lockout/tagout on hard-wired equipmentElectrical cords should never be repaired, especially with duct tapeFrayed or worn cords should be replacedEquipment should have a 3-prong (grounded) plug or be double insulatedUse the left hand rule when opening panels and operating disconnects
53 Compressed GasesGas cylinders should be labeled with contents and whether empty/fullGas cylinders should be chained to the wall (unlike one in picture)Fuel (acetylene) and oxygen cylinders are to be stored at least 20 feet apart, or with a fire rated wall in between them, and away from heat sources or combustible materials, unless being used
54 BBP – INFECTIOUS AGENTS BBP - Infectious Agents are hazards that, when introduced into the body, can cause sickness, disease, or death.The common cold, influenza, and head lice are examples of infectious agents. Others include HIV, Hepatitis B & C.These agents can be transmitted through contact with bodily fluids, human waste, personal items, and ordinary human contact.The district surveyed to identify those employees routinely exposed to blood and body fluids and supports those employees under the Exposure Control Plan for Bloodborne Pathogens. Potentially all employees could be exposed.Custodians are the school's designated employees trained to respond to bodily fluid spills.Ask if the custodial staff, bus drivers, and nurses are the school's designated employees trained to respond to bodily fluid spills.
55 Safety committeeIf you have any health and safety concerns, please bring them up to a member of the safety committeeThere is also a safety suggestion form on the district’s health and safety committee webpage-Link found on the Buildings & Grounds webpage
57 Quiz and QuestionsPlease click on the link below for the Quiz. That will be your documentation of training for this year.https://www.surveymonkey.com/s/HJ2J5SFIf you have any questions throughout the quiz, please contact Rachel Koehler with IEA at or
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