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Questions? Contact Rachel Koehler with IEA at 763-315-7900 or Infectious Disease and Bloodborne Pathogens Training St. Michael-Albertville.

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Presentation on theme: "Questions? Contact Rachel Koehler with IEA at 763-315-7900 or Infectious Disease and Bloodborne Pathogens Training St. Michael-Albertville."— Presentation transcript:

1 Questions? Contact Rachel Koehler with IEA at or Infectious Disease and Bloodborne Pathogens Training St. Michael-Albertville Public Schools

2 Questions? Contact Rachel Koehler with IEA at or Questions? Any time throughout the slide show or throughout the school year: Contact Rachel Koehler at IEA Phone:

3 Questions? Contact Rachel Koehler with IEA at or What’s in it for me? Reminder on how to protect yourself from infectious diseases, including Bloodborne Pathogens (BBPs) Satisfy OSHA requirement for annual training of affected employees Question: Who is responsible for your safety? Answer: YOU ARE!

4 Questions? Contact Rachel Koehler with IEA at or Infectious Diseases A disease caused by a microorganism or other agent, such as a bacterium, fungus, or virus, that enters the body of an organism

5 Questions? Contact Rachel Koehler with IEA at or Common Infectious Diseases Common Cold Chickenpox Measles Conjunctivitis (Pink eye) Influenza (flu) Head & Body Lice Pertussis (whooping cough) Meningitis (Bacterial or Viral)

6 Questions? Contact Rachel Koehler with IEA at or The Infection Chain Infectious Agent (flu) Reservoir (you) Modes of Escape (sneeze) Modes of Transmission (airborne) Modes of Entry (hand to mouth) Host Susceptibility (immune system)

7 Questions? Contact Rachel Koehler with IEA at or Break the Infection Chain Modes of Escape – Cough and sneeze into your “sleeve,” not your hands! Modes of Entry – Wash your hands Housekeeping – Proper cleaning and disinfecting of high contact surfaces

8 Questions? Contact Rachel Koehler with IEA at or Definition of Bloodborne Pathogen Pathogenic microorganism Present in human blood Can cause disease in humans Most common BBPs are: Hepatitis B Hepatitis C HIV

9 Questions? Contact Rachel Koehler with IEA at or Blood Other Potentially Infectious Materials (OPIMs) – Semen – Vaginal Secretions – Cerebrospinal Fluid – Pleural Fluid (or Lung Fluid) – Synovial Fluid (or Fluid from Your Joints) – Amniotic Fluid (or Uterine Fluid) – Peritoneal Fluid (or Fluid that fills your body cavity) – Saliva in Dental Procedures – Any Body Fluid that is Visibly Contaminated with Blood Infectious Body Fluids

10 Questions? Contact Rachel Koehler with IEA at or BBPs Are NOT Spread By… Urine Feces Vomit Saliva Nasal Secretions Air Food Water ….Unless Visibly Contaminated with Infectious Blood!!!

11 Questions? Contact Rachel Koehler with IEA at or To reduce or eliminate occupational exposure to potentially infectious materials which could cause disease or death. Designed to protect 5.6 million workers in healthcare and related occupations. Purpose of OSHA Standard

12 Questions? Contact Rachel Koehler with IEA at or All employees for whom exposure can be “reasonably anticipated” as part of their normal job duties Health care occupation primary focus Employer responsible for evaluating potential for exposure Excludes Good Samaritan activities (e.g. A teacher breaking up a fight) Who Does it Cover?

13 Questions? Contact Rachel Koehler with IEA at or BBP Program Requirements Evaluation of employee activities Develop Exposure Control written plan Practice Universal Precautions Hepatitis B vaccinations and titers Post exposure procedures Personal protective equipment Training Annual review Recordkeeping

14 Questions? Contact Rachel Koehler with IEA at or A written plan in which potential exposures are listed along with appropriate responses The BBP program coordinator is Julie Winkelman, District Nurse Accessible to all employees & OSHA Reviewed/updated annually Exposure Control Written Plan

15 Questions? Contact Rachel Koehler with IEA at or Types of Bloodborne Diseases

16 Questions? Contact Rachel Koehler with IEA at or Human Immunodeficiency Virus Virus that causes AIDS. HIV affects the immune system, slowing destroying white blood cells. Virus is killed easily outside of body (once blood is dry, HIV considered no longer communicable) There is no vaccine to prevent HIV From the Public Health Image Library – Center for Disease Control and Prevention

17 Questions? Contact Rachel Koehler with IEA at or Symptoms of HIV Weakness/Fatigue Fever Sore throat Nausea Headaches Swollen lymph glands Sometimes no immediate symptoms

18 Questions? Contact Rachel Koehler with IEA at or Attacks liver 90% of infected adults are acute carriers Death occurs in 15-25% of chronically infected people Vaccine preventable Virus is only killed by high-level bactericides Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) From the Public Health Image Library – Center for Disease Control and Prevention

19 Questions? Contact Rachel Koehler with IEA at or Fatigue Possible stomach pain Loss of appetite Nausea Jaundice Darkened urine Sometimes asymptomatic (~30%) Symptoms of Hepatitis B

20 Questions? Contact Rachel Koehler with IEA at or Attacks liver No vaccine 80 of infected people are chronic carriers 50-55% develop chronic liver disease Treatment with interferon but has side effects Hepatitis C (HCV)

21 Questions? Contact Rachel Koehler with IEA at or Fatigue Joint pain Stomach pain Itchy skin Sore muscles Dark urine 80% of carriers are asymptomatic and may be for years Symptoms of Hepatitis C

22 Questions? Contact Rachel Koehler with IEA at or Modes of Transmission Sexual contact Infected mother to child Exposure to another person’s blood – Contaminated needle sharing (drug use) – Accidental poke by used needle or other contaminated sharp (e.g. broken glass) – Blood contact with non-intact skin – Blood contact with mucous membranes (i.e. eyes, nose, mouth) – Blood transfusions

23 Questions? Contact Rachel Koehler with IEA at or Needle-sticks (80% - mostly in healthcare) Contaminated sharps/glass/ceramics Mucous membranes (eyes, nose, mouth) Open wound that is exposed to someone else’s blood (includes skin rash, dermatitis broken cuticles, cut) Common Occupational Transmissions

24 Questions? Contact Rachel Koehler with IEA at or METHODS OF PROTECTION

25 Questions? Contact Rachel Koehler with IEA at or Universal Precautions Treat ALL blood/body fluids as potentially infectious!!! Avoid skin exposure to blood and OPIM Use a barrier to keep fluids from contacting skin Dispose of sharps in a puncture resistant container Dispose of soiled items in leak –proof bags/containers Wash Hands for 20 seconds with friction/soap/water Contact custodian to clean/disinfect spill ASAP!

26 Questions? Contact Rachel Koehler with IEA at or Vaccinations HIV – There is NO vaccine for HIV. Some treatments can improve length of life dramatically. Hepatitis B Virus – The HBV vaccination is administered in a series of 3 injections Given at 0, 1, and 4-6 month intervals Effective in 95% of people who complete series of all three shots Series may continue if exceeded interval (i.e. do not have to start over even if 1 st shot was 2 years ago) Hepatitis C Virus – There is NO vaccine. Treatment is only effective in 40% of cases.

27 Questions? Contact Rachel Koehler with IEA at or Hepatitis B Vaccination Available at no cost to all St. Michael- Albertville Public School employees who are “covered” under the BBP Program. Titer test (blood draw) required for new “health care worker” after receiving the HBV vaccination If you would like to receive the HBV vaccination at no cost, contact Julie Winkelman.

28 Questions? Contact Rachel Koehler with IEA at or Engineering Controls Sharps containers – Closable, leak proof, puncture resistant – Used for disposal of used needles and other contaminated sharp objects (e.g. broken glass) – Located in school health offices Self-Sheathing Needles – Avoid having to re-cap needles!

29 Questions? Contact Rachel Koehler with IEA at or Administrative Controls No food or application of cosmetics in the area where blood or other body fluids are present! Direct victims in self-care where possible Hand-washing facilities present throughout our schools

30 Questions? Contact Rachel Koehler with IEA at or Personal Protective Equipment Gloves shall be worn when it can be reasonably anticipated that you may: Have hand contact with blood or other infectious materials Have hand contact with mucous membranes Have hand contact with non-intact skin Handle or touch contaminated items or surfaces Please speak with your supervisor if you need PPE

31 Questions? Contact Rachel Koehler with IEA at or Gloves Don prior to contact with blood Check for proper fit Check for punctures Wash hands before/after Pull snug to insure good fit Peel off from wrist to fingers Dispose of in waste container Do not reuse

32 Questions? Contact Rachel Koehler with IEA at or Assess the situation - call nurse for assistance or send injured to nurse’s office Use personal protective equipment Instruct injured person on self-care – if they can hold a tissue to their nose or apply a band aid themselves, have them do it! Wash hands immediately afterwards Don’t exceed your level of training! First Aid Procedures

33 Questions? Contact Rachel Koehler with IEA at or High level commercial germicides —Products effective against HBV and HIV are approved by EPA —Follow label instructions PPE Disposal Kill time Make Sure You Have a Proper Disinfectant! Disinfectants

34 Questions? Contact Rachel Koehler with IEA at or Infectious Waste Materials used to clean up blood spills (e.g. absorbent material, gloves) typically can go in general trash as long as they are bagged separately first Contaminated sharp objects (e.g. used needles and broken glass) should always go in sharps container Red biohazard bags require special disposal procedures. Use only if absorbent material is: — Saturated or dripping — Pourable — Avoid blood pooling in waste container

35 Questions? Contact Rachel Koehler with IEA at or POST EXPOSURE PROCEDURES

36 Questions? Contact Rachel Koehler with IEA at or What qualifies as a blood exposure? “Exposure Incident” means a specific eye, mouth, other mucous membrane, non-intact* skin, or parenteral** contact with blood or other potentially infectious materials that results from the performance of an employee’s duties. *Non-intact skin includes skin with dermatitis, hang-nails, cuts, abrasions, chafing, acne, etc. **Parenteral means piercing mucous membranes or the skin barrier though such events as needle sticks, human bites, cuts, and abrasions. When an employee experiences an “exposure incident”, the employer must institute the required follow-up procedures in their plan.

37 Questions? Contact Rachel Koehler with IEA at or Post-Exposure Procedures 1.Wash exposed area IMMEDIATELY! 2.Flush splashes to nose, mouth, or skin with water. 3.Irrigate eyes with water or saline. 4.Report the exposure to supervisor and District Nurse. 5.Fill out a first report of injury and a copy of the Post Exposure Follow-up Packet(obtain from Health Services) 6.Seek assistance of health care professional to determine follow-up actions (if necessary).

38 Questions? Contact Rachel Koehler with IEA at or Additional Post-Exposure Procedures If possible, identify source individual Attempt to get permission for a blood test from source individual (if authorized) Blood testing for exposed individual (if authorized) Findings & diagnosis must be kept confidential Treatment and counseling by a physician available if needed

39 Questions? Contact Rachel Koehler with IEA at or Training Offered to all employees covered in district’s BBP plan Annual Includes the following: – Background of Standard – Activities which may result in exposure – Safe work practices/PPE – How to handle clean-ups – Signs & symptoms of disease – Hepatitis B vaccination – Post exposure procedures

40 Questions? Contact Rachel Koehler with IEA at or Medical – duration of employment + 30 years Training – 3 years Exposure Incident – duration of employment + 30 years Recordkeeping

41 Questions? Contact Rachel Koehler with IEA at or Quiz and Questions Please click on the link below for the BBP Quiz. That will be your documentation of training for this year. https://www.surveymonkey.com/s/QG5M2SQ If you have any questions throughout the quiz, please contact Rachel Koehler with IEA at or


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