Presentation on theme: "“A Change is Gonna’ Come,” Sam Cooke, 1963"— Presentation transcript:
1“A Change is Gonna’ Come,” Sam Cooke, 1963 I was born by the river in a little tentOh and just like the river I've been running ever sinceIt's been a long, a long time comingBut I know a change gonna come, oh yes it willIt's been too hard living but I'm afraid to dieCause I don't know what's up there beyond the skyI go to the movie and I go downtownSomebody keep telling me don't hang aroundThen I go to my brotherAnd I say brother help me pleaseBut he winds up knocking meBack down on my kneesOhhhhhhhhh.....There been times that I thought I couldn't last for longBut now I think I'm able to carry on
2Learning Targets Evaluate the need for a Civil Rights Movement Describe the non-violent actions of the Civil Rights MovementSummarize the accomplishments of the Civil Rights Movement
3WHITEBOARD #1: BIRMINGHAM’S LAW SUMMARY Read your table’s assigned law.Summarize the law in ONE sentence on your Whiteboard!Groups will listen to each others, choose the best one and share it with the class.
4White Board Moment #2! ;)After looking at the primary sources, what was the issue?How does this conflict with the ideals of our nation?
10Photographs used in the 1950s: Conditions in the SouthSeparate schools“Separate but Equal”?Vs.Photographs used in theBrown Vs. Board ofEducation caseWhite SchoolAfrican American School
111950s: Conditions in the South Unequal treatment
121950s: Conditions in the South Voting Restrictions (Poll Taxes, Literacy Tests)Mississippi – 1890$1.50pay for each year you can vote40 yrs. old =$28.50Result = 98% of AA unableto vote
131950s: Conditions in the South Violence: Lynchings, KKK
14White Board Moment!!Summarize in 5 words or less why there was a need for a civil rights movement.If you were an African American in the South, which condition in the South, would you have fought against first? Why?Be able to defend your choice!
161954: Brown Vs. Board of Education Ruled that separate schools are NOT equalSupreme Court ruled for Integration with “prompt and reasonable start” & “with all deliberate speed.”
171954: Brown Vs. Board of Education Many Southern States refused (i.e Little Rock)"I draw the line in the dust and toss the gauntlet before the feet of tyranny and I say segregation now, segregation tomorrow, segregation forever."Governor of Alabama George Wallace, Inaugural address, Jan. 14, 1963
181956: Montgomery Bus Boycott Rosa parks refused to give up her seat
191956: Montgomery Bus Boycott NAACP and MLK Jr. organized (through churches)Meeting place for car poolsMartin Luther King Jr.
211957: Little Rock tested gov’ts support of Brown Eisenhower sent fed. troops in support
221960: Sit-InsAA students refused to leave“whites only” Woolworth’s counternon-violent methods spreadwithin 2 weeks : sleep-ins, play-ins, watch-ins, read-ins & swim-ins6 mths. Later: Woolworths integrated!Original “sit-in” in Greensboro
23Whiteboard Moment!!!Read the rules written by students for the sit-ins.Which rule would have been the most difficult to follow? Why?Civil Disobedience: choosing to not follow an unjust law or policyCiivl disobedience + direct action + peace= AA civil rights mov’t
241961: Freedom Rides Led by CORE (Congress for Racial Equality) Tested Supreme Court decisionMorgan v. Virginia, 1946Again, college students took leadership!
251961: Freedom RidesViolence resulted in fed. protection
261963: Birminghamchildren recruited to “fill the jails”
271963: Birmingham Nat’l attention got JFK to support Civil Rights bill "The events in Birmingham... have so increased thecries for equality that no city or state orlegislative body can prudently choose to ignorethem."—President John F. Kennedy, June 1963
281963: March on Washington Demonstration to support Civil Rights Bill MLK: “I have a Dream”“ I have a dream that my fourlittle children will one day livein a nation where they will notbe judged by the color of theirskin, but by the content of theircharacter.”--Martin Luther King Jr.250,000come!
291964: Voting Rights Drive “Freedom Summer” organized by students registered AA to Vote3 murdered3 shot80 beaten1,000 arrested
30White Board Moment, REALLY AGAIN!!! In one word, describe the civil rights movement.In one word, describe the reaction by some white southerners to the civil rights movement.
35White Board Moment, FINALE!!! What do you think was the most important accomplishment of the Civil Rights Movement? Why?Be able to defend your choice!
36REFLECTIONAfter reading the primary sources, answer the following in your notebook:Summarize the method of civil disobedience.What was the purpose of using civil disobedience in protest?How effective do you think civil disobedience was in the Civil Rights Movement?