Presentation on theme: "“A Change is Gonna’ Come,” Sam Cooke, 1963 I was born by the river in a little tent Oh and just like the river I've been running ever since It's been a."— Presentation transcript:
“A Change is Gonna’ Come,” Sam Cooke, 1963 I was born by the river in a little tent Oh and just like the river I've been running ever since It's been a long, a long time coming But I know a change gonna come, oh yes it will It's been too hard living but I'm afraid to die Cause I don't know what's up there beyond the sky It's been a long, a long time coming But I know a change gonna come, oh yes it will I go to the movie and I go downtown Somebody keep telling me don't hang around It's been a long, a long time coming But I know a change gonna come, oh yes it will Then I go to my brother And I say brother help me please But he winds up knocking me Back down on my knees Ohhhhhhhhh..... There been times that I thought I couldn't last for long But now I think I'm able to carry on It's been a long, a long time coming But I know a change gonna come, oh yes it will
Learning Targets Evaluate the need for a Civil Rights Movement Describe the non-violent actions of the Civil Rights Movement Summarize the accomplishments of the Civil Rights Movement
WHITEBOARD #1: BIRMINGHAM’S LAW SUMMARY Read your table’s assigned law. Summarize the law in ONE sentence on your Whiteboard! Groups will listen to each others, choose the best one and share it with the class.
White Board Moment #2! ;) After looking at the primary sources, what was the issue? How does this conflict with the ideals of our nation?
African American Civil Rights: Non-Violent Movement
1880s: Jim Crow Laws Response to Civil War Amendments “separate but equal” is legal (segregation ok)
1880s: Jim Crow Laws SEGREGATION EXAMPLES swimming pools parks trains drinking fountains movie theatres Even segregated checkers in Mississippi
WWI & WWII Segregated military (ended in ’48)
Vs. White SchoolAfrican American School Photographs used in the Brown Vs. Board of Education case 1950s: Conditions in the South “Separate but Equal”? Separate schools
1950s: Conditions in the South Unequal treatment
1950s: Conditions in the South Voting Restrictions (Poll Taxes, Literacy Tests) Mississippi – 1890 $1.50 pay for each year you can vote 40 yrs. old =$28.50 Result = 98% of AA unable to vote
1950s: Conditions in the South Violence: Lynchings, KKK
White Board Moment!! Summarize in 5 words or less why there was a need for a civil rights movement. If you were an African American in the South, which condition in the South, would you have fought against first? Why? Be able to defend your choice!
Actions & Obstacles
Supreme Court ruled for Integration with “prompt and reasonable start” & “with all deliberate speed.” 1954: Brown Vs. Board of Education Ruled that separate schools are NOT equal
1954: Brown Vs. Board of Education Many Southern States refused (i.e Little Rock) " I draw the line in the dust and toss the gauntlet before the feet of tyranny and I say segregation now, segregation tomorrow, segregation forever." Governor of Alabama George Wallace, Inaugural address, Jan. 14, 1963
1956: Montgomery Bus Boycott Rosa parks refused to give up her seat
1956: Montgomery Bus Boycott NAACP and MLK Jr. organized (through churches) Martin Luther King Jr.Meeting place for car pools
1956: Montgomery Bus Boycott Successful!
1957: Little Rock tested gov’ts support of Brown Eisenhower sent fed. troops in support
Original “sit-in” in Greensboro within 2 weeks : sleep-ins, play-ins, watch-ins, read-ins & swim-ins 6 mths. Later: Woolworths integrated! 1960: Sit-Ins AA students refused to leave“whites only” Woolworth’s counter non-violent methods spread
Whiteboard Moment!!! Read the rules written by students for the sit-ins. Which rule would have been the most difficult to follow? Why? Civil Disobedience: choosing to not follow an unjust law or policy Ciivl disobedience + direct action + peace= AA civil rights mov’t
1961: Freedom Rides Led by CORE (Congress for Racial Equality) Tested Supreme Court decision Again, college students took leadership! Morgan v. Virginia, 1946
1961: Freedom Rides Violence resulted in fed. protection
1963: Birmingham children recruited to “fill the jails”
1963: Birmingham Nat’l attention got JFK to support Civil Rights bill "The events in Birmingham... have so increased the cries for equality that no city or state or legislative body can prudently choose to ignore them." —President John F. Kennedy, June 1963
1963: March on Washington Demonstration to support Civil Rights Bill MLK: “I have a Dream” 250,000 come! “ I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin, but by the content of their character.” --Martin Luther King Jr.
1964: Voting Rights Drive “Freedom Summer” organized by students registered AA to Vote 3 murdered 3 shot 80 beaten 1,000 arrested
White Board Moment, REALLY AGAIN!!! In one word, describe the civil rights movement. In one word, describe the reaction by some white southerners to the civil rights movement.
1964: Civil Rights Act Outlawed discrimination in hiring Ended segregation in public places LBJ signing the act – passed after 83 days of filibuster
1964: 24th Amendment Banned poll taxes 1966: all poll taxes banned, not just in federal elections
White Board Moment, FINALE!!! What do you think was the most important accomplishment of the Civil Rights Movement? Why? Be able to defend your choice!
After reading the primary sources, answer the following in your notebook: 1.Summarize the method of civil disobedience. 2.What was the purpose of using civil disobedience in protest? 3.How effective do you think civil disobedience was in the Civil Rights Movement? REFLECTION