Presentation on theme: "The Townshend Acts Indirect (not directly paid to customs agents, usually just result in higher prices) taxes on goods such as lead, paint, paper, and."— Presentation transcript:
The Townshend Acts Indirect (not directly paid to customs agents, usually just result in higher prices) taxes on goods such as lead, paint, paper, and tea.
English Policy Promotes Corruption Hired customs agents were usually crooked, greedy and strict. England offered huge commissions or bonuses for big collections of taxes.
The Sons of Liberty began to organize the colonies together through a Circular Letter. Paul Revere Samuel Adams Co- founder of the Sons of Liberty
The Boston Massacre drunken unemployed sailors and teens hurl foul language, snowballs, and rocks at English soldiers outside a British Custom’s House.
Manufacturing the Truth When the legend becomes fact, print the legend. Perception is 99% of Reality Repeat a lie enough, it becomes Truth
exaggerates the incident Paul Revere, a Boston silversmith makes this drawing that exaggerates the incident
John Adams Proved in Court: English protect themselves by firing into the crowd Resulting in: 5 American Colonists dead.
Freedman Crispus Attucks is first to die. Freed slave Cripus Attucks was running an errand when he came to the wrong place at the wrong time.
Samuel Adams’ younger cousin John Adams (2nd President) successfully defends the soldiers in court. Adams as President in 1798
The Tea Act East India Co. given complete control over tea sales in the Colonies.
Results Tea was actually less $ Colonists were angry England could force them into a monopoly (state of no competition)
The Boston Tea Party (1773) British tried to force colonists accept tea. Most American ports refused to unload tea.
Massachusetts Governor Thomas Hutchinson ordered the tea unloaded. The Sons of Liberty, dressed as Mohawks dumped tea in harbor.
The Boston Tea Party Massachusetts Gov. Thomas Hutchinson
British Reaction to Tea Party?
The Coercive (Intolerable) Acts No ship could leave Boston Harbor until tea is paid for. Thomas Hutchinson replaced by a military general. (Thomas Gage) Mass. colonial assembly dissolved.
Imposes Quartering Act - People of Mass. ordered to house British soldiers without consent.
American Reaction First Continental Congress Formed - Group of elected men from all colonies to coordinate American response. Samuel Adams sets up secret communication network called Committees of Correspondence