Presentation on theme: "+ Greek Derivatives I I Reading 7 / E.Kelly Εισαγωγή κειμένου (αγγλικά ή ελληνικά) ~Words from their origins."— Presentation transcript:
+ Greek Derivatives I I Reading 7 / E.Kelly Εισαγωγή κειμένου (αγγλικά ή ελληνικά) ~Words from their origins.
+ Greek Derivatives II 1. Phil 2. Phon 3. Physi 4. Pseudo 5. Psych 6. Pyr 7. Soph 8. Tele 9. The 10. Therm 11. Amphi 12. Anti 13. Arch 14. Dia 15. Epi 16. Eu 17. Hyper 18. Hypo 19. Kilo 20. Meta 21. Mono 22. Neo 23. Peri 24. Poly 25. Syn, Sym
+ Derivatives: bibliophile, philanderer, philanthorpy, philharmonic, philosophy 1. One who loves wisdom (soph) is a _________________er. 2. One with love, or charity, for man is called a _______________________ist. 3. If you love or admire the French, you are a [Francophobe / Francophile]. Derivatives: phoneme, phonetic, phonics, phonology, phonometer 1. In linguistics,a specific speech sound is called a _______________eme. 2. Phonetic spelling is based on the [sound / general appearance] of words. 3. Phonics deals with (a) picture transmission, (b) speech sound – especially as related to the teaching and reading of pronunciation. 1. Phil: loving2. Phon: sound
+ Derivatives: physical, physician, physiology, physiotherapy 1. A physicist studies the laws of [nature / poetry]. 2. The description of nature and natural phenomena is sometimes called [empathy / physiography]. 3. The branch of biology that deals with the parts and functions of the body is _____________________gy. Derivatives: pseudoaquatic, pseudonym, pseudopod, pseudoscience 1. An author’s fictitious or false name, such as Mark Twain or Lewis Carroll, is a [surname / pseudonym]. 2. Unreliable studies such as phrenology and astrology are actually [social sciences / pseudosciences]. 3. A ___________________ic plant is not genuinely acquatic. 3. Physi: nature4. Pseudo: false
+ Derivatives: psyche, psychic, psychiatrist, psychology, psychosis, psychograph 1. Psychiatry treats disorders of the [eye / mind]. 2. A chart of one’s personality traits is a ___________________ph. 3. A psychic shock or trauma has a permanent effect on the [heart / mind]. Derivatives: pyre, Pyrex, pyrites, pyromaniac, pyrophobia. 1. A pyromaniac has a compulsion to [steal things / start fires]. 2. Pyrotechnics is the art of making and displaying [advertisements / fireworks]. 3. American cooks use heat- resistant glassware called ______________x. 5. Psych: mind, spirit6. Pyr: fire
+ Derivatives: philosophy, sophisticated, Sophocles, sophomore, sophomoric 1. An immature person (mor – as in moron) who acts like a know-it-all is said to be ______________________ic 2. People who are worldly-wise are _____________________ed. Derivatives: telecast, telegraph, telekinesis, telepathy, telephone, telescope, television 1. Photos can be taken from afar by using a _________________o lens. 2. Transmitting thoughts without use of the five senses is called _______________pathy. 3. Before texting or email, the ________________ph was used to get messages quickly across distances. 7. Soph: wisdom8. Tele: far
+ Derivatives: atheism, monotheism, theology, pantheon 1. Belief in many gods is poly________________. 2. Puritan New England, ruled by God and the church, was a [democracy / theocracy]. 3. The study of God and religion is called _______________gy. Derivatives: hydrothermal, isotherm, thermal, thermos thermodynamics, thermometer, 1. A thermostat controls [heat / water]. 2. A line on the weather map between points of equal temperature is an iso_____________. 3. Coffee keeps its heat in a _________________s jug. 9. The: god10. Therm: heat
+ Derivatives: amphibians, amphibious, amphitheater 1. Since frogs live both on land and in water, they are [bipeds / amphibians]. 2. An arena with spectators around it is an _____________________ter. Derivatives: antibiotic, antipathy, antithesis 1. An antipathy is a feeling [for / against] something. 2. The antithesis of any given word would be its [synonym / opposite]. 3. A substance such as penicillin that works against certain germs and viruses is known as ______________ic. 11. Amphi: around; on both sides 12. Anti: against
+ Derivatives: archangel, archfiend, architect, heiarchy, matriarch, patriarch, anarchy 1. An archangel is a [chief / common] angel. 2. The chief worker in charge of designing a building is the [stonemason / architect]. 3. A __________________y is a formal breakdown of power or control within an organization or system Derivatives: diabetes, diameter, diathermy 1. Diathermy sends heat [through / around] one’s body. 2. The distance through a circle is called the _______________. 3. A disease associated with excess sugar passing through the body is [carditis / diabetes]. 13. Arch: chief14. Dia: through
+ Derivatives: epicenter, epidermis, epitaph, epidemic, epigraph, episode, epitome 1. The epidermis is the outer, nonsensitive layer that lies [upon / below] the true skin. 2. The inscription upon a tomb is an _________________ph. 3. Something that can be used as a typical example (beside others in a category) is called the _________________e. Derivatives: eulogy, eupepsia, euphoria, euthanasia 1. Euphoria is a feeling of [pain / well-being]. 2. A eulogy, usually given at a funeral, literally means ___________ words. 3. Mercy killing is known as ________________________ia. 15. Epi: upon, beside16. Eu: good, well
+ Derivatives: hypercritical, hyperopia, hyperbole, hyperthyroidism 1. One who finds fault with an excessive number of details is [hypocritical / hypercritical]. 2. An excessive exaggeration, like being hungry enough to eat a horse, is a ___________________e. Derivatives: hypocrite, hypothermia, hypothesis 1. A patient with hypothermia has a temperature [above / below] normal. 2. An assumption that underlies an investigation is called a __________________is. 3. A person who pretends to be sincere, honest, or good but under it all is insincere, dishonest, or evil is a ___________________t. 17. Hyper: excessive18. Hypo: under
+ Derivatives: kilocycle, kilometer, kilogram, kilowatt 1. One thousand meters equal one ___________________. 2. On a scale in Canada, your weight would be given in ____________________ms. 3. A kilocycle equals one [hundred / thousand] cycles per second. Derivatives: metabolism, metamorphic, metaphor, metafictional, metempsychosis 1. Rocks such as marble which have changed their form under pressure are _______________________ic. 2. The body’s chemical and physical changes, which release energy, are aspects of [morphology / metabolism]. 3. A comparison that changes the meaning of one of the words is called a _____________________r. 19. Kilo: thousand20. Meta: change, under
+ Derivatives: monodrama, monogamy, monomania 1. Being married to only one person at a time is called [polygamy, monogamy]. 2. Captain Ahab’s interest in one subject, Moby Dick, amounts to _____________________ia. Derivatives: neoclassicism, neologism, neophyte, neolatry 1. A neophyte is a [new / elderly] member of a group. 2. A new word, freshly coined, is a ___________________ism. 3. American’s obsession with or worship of everything newer amounts to _______________y in some cases. 21. Mono: one22. Neo: new
+ Derivatives: perimeter, periphrasis, periscope 1. The perimeter of the ranch is the distance [around / across] it. 2. An optical instrument used in submarines for looking around an obstruction is known as a [stereoscope /periscope]. Derivatives: polygon, polytechnic, polysyllable 1. A polytechnic institution offers courses in [a few / many] technical fields. 2. A plane figure with many sides is a [polygon / mastodon]. 23. Peri: around 24. Poly: many 25. Syn, Sym: together Derivatives: synchronize, syndrome, synthesis 1. Actions that are timed together are _____________________d. 2. Symptoms which occur together and indicate a specific disease are called a ______________e.