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Latin Derivatives I Reading 7 / Ms. Kelly Verba Ad Origine: Vocabulary from its origin.

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Presentation on theme: "Latin Derivatives I Reading 7 / Ms. Kelly Verba Ad Origine: Vocabulary from its origin."— Presentation transcript:

1 Latin Derivatives I Reading 7 / Ms. Kelly Verba Ad Origine: Vocabulary from its origin

2 Latin Derivatives I 1. Am, amat 2. Ann, enn 3. Aqu 4. Aud, audit 5. Capit 6. Cent 7. Cred, credit 8. Dic, dict 9. Duc, duct 10. Fid 11. Frater 12. Greg 13. Litera 14. Loc 15. Loqu, locut 16. Mal 17. Mor, mort 18. Nov 19. Omni 20. ped

3 1. am, amat: love 1. Derivatives: amateur, amative, amatory, amiable, amity, amorist, amours Since amat means love, an amative young man is _______. [hostile / loving] An amateur golfer plays for _______ [love / the fat fees] of the game. Friendly people are ______ [amiable / alienated]. 2. ann, enn: year 2. Derivatives: annals, anniversary, annual, annuity, biennial, centennial, millennium, perennial The three letters in the words annals and annual that suggest year are _____. Per annum means per _______ [month / year] A man who has lived many years is said to be _______ [superannuated / supercilious].

4 3. aqu: water Derivatives: aquamarine, aquarium, aqueduct, aquiculture, subaqueous To make an aqueous solution you dissolve something in _____ [alcohol / water]. Small fish may be kept in an ______ium. The sign of the zodiac that represents a water bearer is _______ [Aquarius / Taurus]. 4. aud, audit: hear Derivatives: audible, audience, audit, audition, auditor, auditorium, auditory An audiometer is an instrument which measures sensitivity of _____ [ hearing / sight]. Which word has no business being in the following list? audible, audiphone, audio- frequency, adenoids, auditor

5 5. capit: head Derivatives: capital, decapitate, caption, per capita, recapitulate In Paris, the _____ al of France, King Louis XVI got a final cure for headaches – he was de_____. Newscasters sometimes re_____ the days news; such a recapulation literally restates the news [in full / by headings] 6. cent: hundred Derivatives: centenary, centennial, centigrade, centimeter, centipede, century There are one hundred degrees between freezing and boiling points of water on the _____ [Fahrenheit / centigrade] thermometer. Since tri means three, the tri centennial of the Declaration of Independence should occur in the year _____ [2076 / 2776]. You are all invited.

6 7. cred, credit: believe, trust Derivatives: credence, credentials, credible, creditor, credulity, creed, discredit Your creed, or credo, is what you _____ [fight for / believe in]. To give credence to a rumor is to _____ [deny / believe] it. Sometimes news is so amazing that you are ______ [cretinous/ incredulous]. 8. dic, dict: say Derivatives: addict, contradict, dictate, diction, jurisdiction, predict,predicate, verdict To say what will happen, or foretell, is to pre_____. An order issued by a ruler is an ____ [edict / audit]. The part of a sentence which says something about the subject is the pre_____.

7 9. duc, duct: lead Derivatives: abduct, aqueduct, conduct, deduce, educate, introduce, produce, reduce Europe has had many princely leaders known as _____ [kings / dukes]. Water is sometimes led into a city through an aq______. The ability of a metal to be led into various shapes is called ______ [motality / ductility]. 10. fid: faith, trust Derivatives: confidant, confide, confidence, fidelity, infidel, perfidious To confide in a stranger is an act of _____ [leading / faith]. Infidelity means _______ [unfaithfulness / inability to provide]. A person who has faith in himself is said to be con______. A lad who is shy and lacks faith in himself is said to be _____ [amative / diffident].

8 11. frater: brother Derivatives: fraternal, fraternity, fraternize. To mingle with people in a brotherly way is to ______ize with them. Fraternal obligations are _____ [fatherly / brotherly]. 12. greg: flock Derivatives: congregate, egregious, gregarious, segregate Since greg means flock, we can assume that gregarious people like ___ [solitude / society]. Separation from the main group is se______.

9 13. litera: letter Derivatives: alliteration, literacy, literal, literate, literature A person who can’t read or write is unlettered or ______ [illegitimate / illiterate]. Translating letter for letter results in a ______ al translation. 14. loc: place Derivatives: allocate, dislocate, locale, location, relocate The locale of a train wreck refers to the ___ [place / cause]. In mathematics, the set of points, or places, which satisfy a given condition is called the _____. The plural of locus is ____ [locusts / loci].

10 15. loqu, locut: talk Derivatives: colloquium, eloquent, loquacious, soliloquy A loquacious child is _____ [sulky / talkative]. Most people talk informally, that is, in _____ [literary / colloquial] English. Saying a thing in a roundabout way is known as ____ [circumspections/ circumlocution]. 16. mal: bad Derivatives: maladjusted, malaria, malevolent, malice, malignant, malnutrition, malpractice The truly bad tumors are _____ [malignant, benign]. Evil wishers are _____ [benevolent / malevolent]. A clumsy child is said to be _____ [adroit / maladroit].

11 17. mor, mort: death Derivatives: immortal, mortality, mortgage, mortify, postmortum A mortician operates the _____ [funeral home / circus]. If you develop gangrene, your flesh mortifies: this means that it ___ [decays and dies / glows with health]. Many currently popular books are based upon myths of ___ [immortal / mortal] beings who never die. 18. nov: new Derivatives: innovation, novel, novelty, novice, renovate An innovation is a ____ [crazy / new] idea. A nova star is a ___ [faithful old planet / a brilliant new exploding star].

12 19. omni: all Derivatives: omnibus, omnipotent, omnipresent, omniscient, omnivorous An all-powerful being is ___ [omnipotent / immobile]. When we are young, we believe that our parents are omniscient, or ___ [superheroes / all-knowing]. This changes as we get older. 20. ped: foot Derivatives: biped, centipede, expedite, expeditions, pedal, pedestrian, pedometer A pedestrian travels by ____ [foot / car]. A pedometer measures the distance ___ [biked / walked]. An impediment is literally somethin tat obstructs or hiders the ___ [feet / meals].

13 Pre-Quiz A write the meaning of each boldface Latin root 1. Ann ual 2. In aud ible 3. En am ored 4. Re cap itulate 5. Aqu iculture 6. Benediction 7. Century 8. Affidavit 9. Deduction 10. Credential

14 Pre-Quiz B write the meaning of each boldface Latin root 1. E loqu ent 2. Frater nal 3. Con greg ation 4. A liter ation 5. Dis loc ate 6. Mortuary 7. Omnipresent 8. Quadruped 9. Innovation 10. Malicious


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