Presentation on theme: "Introduction to ArcGIS"— Presentation transcript:
1Introduction to ArcGIS Before you start the class, delete normal.mxt from each computer. Also have them download the data to their computers.
2Class Topics Welcome and Introduction What is ArcGIS? What is ArcMap? Getting around ArcMapWorking with LayersAccessing DNR DataExploring DataWorking with TablesLabels, Annotation, and GraphicsBuilding Layouts and Printable MapsDiscuss Agenda
3What is ArcGIS?ArcGIS is a ‘family’ of software products produced by ESRI.Instead of having all individual products such as Arc/INFO, Arcview, MapObjects, they combined them into one software called ArcGIS.
4What is ArcGIS? Licensed at different levels of capabilities ArcView Cheapest, entry level software. Edit shapefiles and Personal GeoDatabases.ArcEditorMid-range pricing, increased functionality. Supports multi-user Database editingArcInfoExpensive, full geoprocessing capabilities, designing and build multi-user databases, establish topologic relationships between datasetsArcView – things like Rectifying Air Photos, Map Topology Editing, Model Building are all part of ArcView license levels.When you purchase ArcGIS, you get all the CD thou you may not be able to use all the functions.e.g. Division, Forestry – managing data which is edited by the multiple users, so they need to get ArcEditor license of the ArcGIS.The key is : What to edit, how it was edited.
5What is ArcGIS - Extensions ArcGIS has “Extensions” that extend the core functionality of the programSpatial Analyst – grid processing3D Analyst – 3d modelingMore…These are the same no matter what level of software licensing you useCan build extensions for ArcGIS with custom functionality for specialized purposes
6What is ArcGIS? Program Modules ArcMap – module for interactive data editing, making maps and analysis.ArcCatalog – module for browsing, accessing, and managing (creating and organizing) dataArcToolBox – an environment for performing geo- processing operations on spatial dataWhen you build database, you use ArcCatalog.ArcToolBox is an equivalent to the DNR Arcview Toolbox.
7What is ArcGIS? – ArcMap Interactive Map-Based Tasks Mapping Editing QueriesAnalysisPrintingOpen ArcMap and show folks the Basic look and feel – real quick tho’…
8What is ArcGIS? - ArcCatalog Browse your dataPreview the data and the tableCreate, define and manage data and projectsCreate and view metadataHint: this is where you can create a shapefile or geodatabase from scratchOpen ArcCatalog and show folks the Contents, Preview and Metadata Windows.
9What is ArcGIS - ArcToolBox Geoprocessing commands organized and accessed in ArcToolBoxBuild custom tools and analysis models using ModelBuilderShare models and toolsOpen the ArcToolBox TOC – this is the ArcGIS 9.0 way of doing things. If users had used ArcMap 8.0 they would have seen something different.Dockable and floating…..It is organized by the Function – Tool Box, Open Tool box, then you see all tools.Show the example of the ModelBuilder? - make an example.
10What is ArcGIS?ArcGIS is just one part of a larger line of software available from ESRI, including:Desktop GISArcGIS Engine, ArcInfo, ArcEditor, Arcview, ArcReader,ArcGIS Desktop ExtensionsServer GISArcGIS Server, ArcGIS Image ServerMobile GISArcGIS Mobile, ArcPadESRI is the “Microsoft” of GIS…Just a note to let them know that they will hear about other ESRI software products and that ArcMap is part of a larger GIS solution.ArcIMS, ArcServer, and ArcEngine are more enterprise software – usually users don’t need them.
11What is ArcGIS?Enterprise ArcGIS License agreement between ESRI and Minnesota State AgenciesTwo types of licenses:Stand-Alone licenses – for field use and sites with limited/no network connectivityShared licenseLicenses checked out from central license serverUsers must be on a networkMake sure that they understand that they can all load and experiment with ArcGIS if they are not a registered user. They need to get a hold of those folks and go through the process.Shared license is most economically. At this point, we assume that 3 users can share one shared license – this requires us to give up one Arcview 3.3 license.Each unit decide who they want in the designated users’ list – not GIS section. Those who wants to join the designated users, talk to your GIS rep.
12What is ArcGIS? Stand-Alone Licensing Users have the ability to Borrow a shared license for stand alone (disconnected) use for up to 30 days at a time.This is simply a graphic that portrays the previous slideMake sure you point out that Extensions are available with all licensing levels.Corporate Geodatabases support multi-user editing and are centralized and use large databases such as OracleIn ArcView you can create temporary topology called “Map topology”. With Arc/Info you can create permanent topological rules and relationshipsMost users in the DNR will be using ArcView license and that will do everything that Arcview 3.3 would do. Even with Arcview license level, you can still use ArcMap, ArcCatalog, ArctoolBox, Spatial Analysis extension, Network Analyst extension, 3D Analyst, and Geospatial Analyst
13What is ArcGIS? Enterprise License Agreement (ELA) includes: ArcMap Desktop softwareStand alone Arc/Info licensingUnlimited shared Arc/Info level licensingExtensionsUnlimited Spatial, 3D, Geostatistical, Network, ArcPublisher, MapplexArcGIS Server ProductsThis is simply a graphic that portrays the previous slideMake sure you point out that Extensions are available with all licensing levels.Corporate Geodatabases support multi-user editing and are centralized and use large databases such as OracleIn ArcView you can create temporary topology called “Map topology”. With Arc/Info you can create permanent topological rules and relationshipsMost users in the DNR will be using ArcView license and that will do everything that Arcview 3.3 would do. Even with Arcview license level, you can still use ArcMap, ArcCatalog, ArctoolBox, Spatial Analysis extension, Network Analyst extension, 3D Analyst, and Geospatial Analyst
14Introduction to ArcMap Lesson OverviewThis lesson covers the core concepts of the ArcMap User Interface (UI) and how to use them to display dataArcMap User Interface componentsToolbars and Context MenusData FramesLayers in ArcMapJust an outline of what we will do for the next lecture…..Terminology differences – there are a few things different between ArcView and ArcMap…We will talk about ArcMap interface components that are common to all programsData frames – the equivalent of an ArcView 3 View documentLayers – the equivalent of an arcview 3 theme
15Introduction to ArcMap The ArcMap interface is composed of:Table of Contents – displays legends, selection, and source information for layersDisplay Area – This is where the map is displayedData View – displays data (View)Map View – displays map layout (Layout)Status Bar – At the bottom of the display showing status, coordinate information, etc.Toolbars – Organized sets of commands and toolsShow the ArcMap and show each interface described in this page.TOC – three tabs: Display, Source, and Selection tabs.The concept of “active theme” is gone. Instead of making a theme active, you need to make sure that a layer or layers that you want to select is selected. Note: You can make select multiple layers as selected layers.Show the list of Toolbars available.
16Introduction to ArcMap Toolbars(can be moved and docked)Table of contentsDisplay AreaStatus Bar
17Introduction to ArcMap Commands and buttons for ArcGIS are organized into “Toolbars”Toolbars can be docked or floating and can be turned on and offLots of toolbars exist –Use the CUSTOMIZE | Toolbars menu option to see toolbars and their display statusIf you lose a toolbar, look to see if it is checked on in the list
18Introduction to ArcMap Docked ToolbarFloating Toolbar
19Introduction to ArcMap Don’t open too many toolbars at any given timeToolbars can clutter the screen and make things hard to findCan be docked all overCommonly used Toolbars:Standard – standard tools New, Open, Save, Print, etc.Tools - tools for interactive display navigationDraw – tools for working with graphics and textEditor - tools for editing dataLayout – tools for working on layoutsUse Control key while you are trying to move the Tool Bar, but do not want to dock it. - Show this to audiences.
20Introduction to ArcMap Standard ToolbarLayout ToolbarTools ToolbarShow – drag out the Tools and show them the name of the tool bars!Draw Toolbar
21Introduction to ArcMap Toolbar Madness:A condition brought on by the inability to find toolbarsThe ability of Toolbars to be moved around provides a challenge to user supportToolbars can hide behind things and can get pushed off screenPeople like to move things around to fit their personality or organizational structureClosed – Open – Left/top/bottom/right
22Introduction to ArcMap ArcMap uses “Context Menus” to organize options and commandsContext Menus are accessed by clicking the right mouse-buttonShows those options that are valid within the context of the item the mouse pointer is overWhen you right-click on a Layer, only those options valid for layers are displayedAlmost every item in ArcGIS has a Context MenuGet into the habit of right-clicking on things you see, you’ll be surprised at what you can find!Arcview 3.3 also had context menus – right clickShow them we can get different context menus depending on where we click on the page – difference between View Document and Layout Document, TOC, Map area.Tell them use context menus by always right-click. They are very handy.
23Introduction to ArcMap For instance, the Context Menu for a layer in ArcMap has only those options that relate to what you can do with a layer
24Introduction to ArcMap As we go through this class you will be introduced to some of these toolbars and context menusThere are just too many to go through them all – you have to exploreThe use of Context Menus will be stressed during the exercises and demonstrations
25Introduction to ArcMap In ArcMap work is saved in a file called a Map Document (MXD extension)Create new, open existing, and save documents from the File menu and/or the Standard ToolbarMap documents store references to data but not the data itselfMap Document is equivalent to Arcview 3.3 Project window.Map documents stores references to data just like Arcview 3.3’s Project window did.It does store graphics and labels will be stored in here. You do have option to save Annotation as well – later more about annotation.You can read Arcview 3.3 project file via software like Microsoft Word, Word, Notepad program since it is just a text file, but you can not read ArcMap mxd document.As you see File menu looks like the File menu in Microsoft Suites.
26Introduction to ArcMap Map Documents have a Property Sheet that can be set by the userFile | Map Document PropertiesUsed mostly for documentation purposesGood for storing helpful info regarding Map DocumentCan define how paths are storeAbsolute (save drive letter)Relative (don’t save drive letter)If you are creating a lot of ArcMap and creating ArcMap Document (mxd) and diligent about documenting your Map Document property, you can do search on Map Document. You do document File: Map Properties.You can create thumb nail – create a jpg. Why do you want to create a thumb nail? If you do, you can see the thumb nail sketch in Arc Catalog.Using relative drive when you wan to give the Map Document to somebody.Arcview 3.3 also had Project Properties sheet.
27Introduction to ArcMap Data FramesWithin the Table of Contents data layers are organized into Data FramesDisplays a collection of layers drawn in a particular order for a given map extent and map projectionCan have multiple frames but only one can be activeAlt-Click to activateData Frames have their own property sheetData Frame is an equivalent to Arcview 3.3 View.You can have multiple data frames, but can have only one active data frame. The active data frame has bold text in the TOC in the Data View and in Layout View, you see the item highlighted – surrounded by doted lined box.How do we make a data frame active? Alt-Click OR right-click to get the context menu, then Select Activate.You can only modify an active data frame.
28Introduction to ArcMap Layers: Spatial Data in ArcMapLayers are the graphic representation of spatial data in ArcMapIn ArcMap, data displayed in a Data Frame are called LAYERSLayers are generated from vector and raster data sources (and others we’ll talk about later)
29Introduction to ArcMap The Table of Contents (TOC)Layers draw in their TOC order from bottom upAs you add data, ArcMap will automatically place rasters on the bottom, followed by polygons, then lines, then pointsReorder the layers by selecting and draggingYou can show, hide, rename, or remove layersFamiliar checkbox for displaying dataMultiple Layers can be GroupedLegends can be expanded and contractedThe TOC is moveable/dockableIn Arcview 3.3, when you add a theme, it automatically placed on top of the existing themes, but in ArcGIS, it is different.Use Control key to collapse and open the grouped layers & folders.
30Introduction to ArcMap TOC Display OptionsDrawing OrderSourceVisiblitySelection
31Introduction to ArcMap ArcMap has many tools for navigating and exploring dataMost are found on the Tools ToolbarInteractive Zoom-inInteractive Zoom-OutPanZoom to Full-ExtentFixed Zoom-inFixed Zoom-outPrevious ExtentNext ExtentSelect FeatureClear Selected FeaturesSelect Elements (Graphics)In Arcview, you can go back/forward to 5 previous views ( go back to the previous view)IdentifyHyperlinkHTML popupMeasureFindFind RouteOpen Time Slider WindowGo to XYCreate Viewer Window
32Exercise 1 – Introduction to ArcMap Get familiar with the ArcMap InterfaceTools, Buttons, Toolbars, Context sensitive helpLearn the basic layer navigation toolsZoom, pan, previous, nextTable of Contents displayCollapse and expand legends
33Introduction to ArcMap Data Frames: displays a collection of layers drawn in a particular order for a given map extent and map projectionCreate new Data FramesInsert | Data FrameActive Data Frame shows in Display WindowActive Frame name is in boldActivate FramesAlt-ClickContext Menu - ActivateOpen ArcMap and show students a blank Map Project. The default layers are Layers.
34Introduction to ArcMap Data Frame PropertiesThe Data Frame property sheet has a number of tabs that contain settings/ properties to defineGeneral Tab – used to define general characteristics of data frameName and DescriptionMap and Display UnitsReference Scale (for labels)Rotation (of view)Label EngineTypically, data from counties, they tend to use the County Projection system, but ArcMap will reproject the on the fly. The data is not really project the data from county.Show Rotation function.Also show what changing the Display unit affect the scale.
35Introduction to ArcMap The Data Frame TabDefines the extent and scale of what is to be displayedExtentAutomaticFixed Scale – can’t zoom in or out, only panFixed Extent – Can’t pan or zoomOther Data FrameExtent used by Full ExtentCommandDefine your own extent“Clip” to ShapeDisplay data within the extent of an existing layerGreat alternative to physically clipping data
36Introduction to ArcMap The Coordinate System TabDefines the coordinate system of this data frameAll data (regardless of native coordinate system) will be projected to this coordinate system before displayNormally should be set to NAD83 UTM Zone 15N (MN DNR standard projection)Most of you, this should be set for you by your GIS Coordinator who setup ArcMap.Important: If this is not set, ArcMap will take the coordinate of the first layer that you add to the data frame of ArcMap.
37Introduction to ArcMap Can manually define the Data Frame coordinate system within the Coordinate TabORGet in the habit of adding one of the layers from DNR QuickLayers when you start a new ArcMap document.Data Frame will assume the projection of the first data added to a data frame!
38Introduction to ArcMap Extra: Data FrameSo, why is it so important to have the data frame’s coordinate system set?Assuming all the data layers you want to display have projection files (.prj), or you know their native projections and can define them, ArcMap will project the layers on-the-fly.For example, you’ve acquired some data from a county but their data is in a county coordinate system…ArcMap can recognize this and will project the county data on top of ours.
39Introduction to ArcMap GridsGrids are drawn around Map Frames on a Layout for referencing purposesThree types of gridsReference (Indexing)Graticules (Lat/Long)Measured (Map Units - UTM)
40Introduction to ArcMap FramesFrames are used to put borders around data Frames on a LayoutBorder StylesBackground FillsDrop Shadows
41Introduction to ArcMap Extent IndicatorsPoint out where other Data Frames areNormally used in Locator mapsShows project areas in context within larger geographic areas“Main Map” Data Frame Extent
42Working with Layers Layers Form the basis for work in ArcMap Layers come in a variety of formsFeature Layers – VectorRaster Layers – Raster Datasets (images and grids)ArcMap can work with numerous data typesGeodatabases ShapefilesArc/Info Coverages Web Mapping ServicesMany image formatsLayer is created from the data and has particular color and style assigned to it.
43Working with Layers To add Layers From ArcMap (manually): Add Data buttonFile | Add Data menu optionContext menu on the Table of Contents or on the display windowFrom QuickLayersYou can also Add Data from ArcCatalog by dragging and dropping…Click this to open ArcCatalog window
44Working with Layers The Add Data dialog box Has the Windows Explorer look and feelShows “Connected Folders”If you don’t see a folder, you need to click on Connect to a folder button and “connect” the folder you wantOnly shows geographic data - Vector and RasterUses icons to indicate data type (Raster, Poly, Point, Line)Slow when searching folders with lots of dataConnect to a folderConnect Folder button is used to connect to the folder. Once the folder is connected via this tool, the next time you try to Add data, ArcMap will remember that connection/connected folder.
45Working with Layers Add Data dialog box – Hints: Use the “Connect to Folder” option for places you navigate to oftenYou can disconnect the connectionFolder and data are not deleted!Try to avoid browsing with this window– can be slowUse Connect to Folder instead
46Working with Layers Icons are used to identify different data types PolygonsPointsRastersLinesTables
47Working with LayersDrag a Layer from ArcCatalog Windows to Table of Contents
48Working with Layers Layers in the TOC: Legends can be collapsed and expandedCTRL-Click expands or collapsed all layer legendsLayers can be moved up and down the TOCLayers can be copied, pasted and removed
49Working with LayersLayers can be merged into Group Layers
50Working with Layers The Layer Context Menu Copy and remove layers Open a layer’s attribute tableJoin and Link (relate) tablesZoom to the active layerZoom to Make the layer visibleSet the visible scale rangeWork with Feature SelectionsLabel featuresConvert Labels to AnnotationConvert Features to GraphicsExport and manage Data (Convert to Shapefile)Save as a layer fileSet Layer PropertiesRight-click on any of the layers in the TOC.Zoom in – covers smaller areaZoom out – covers larger area.Example:1/ /100,000Larger scale smaller scaleMinimum scale for a layer is set to 1/100,000, then when the view document is 1/500,000, you don’t see that particular layer.Max scale for a layer s set to 1/24,000, then when the View document is zoomed into 1/20,000, you don’t see that particular layer.In Group Layer setting, group layer setting overwrite individual layer.
51Working with Layers Layer Properties In ArcGIS Layers have a number of properties that you can defineAccess Properties by:Double-clicking the layer of interest, orRight-click and then select PropertiesThe General Tab contains basic information including the name and visible scale range
52Working with Layers The Source Tab Shows you the base data location and allows you to change it if neededIf you see a red exclamation point next to a layer in Data Frame, this is where you can fix the problem.Also displays data extentShow students!Create a new project, add a theme, then save and close ArcMap. Start Explorer and move the theme that you added. Start ArcMap and show students what a red exclamation mark next to the layer in the TOC.Tip! We can go into the project and do search and replace the path in the map document. Start Arc Catalog. Highlight mxd file and right-click and select Set Data Sources option. In the Search and replace window, the path to the data.F5 - - REFRESH
53Working with Layers The Selection Tab Each layer can now have its own selection color or symbolDefault is to outline the feature in AquaHelpful in differentiating between selected features from multiple layers
54Working with Layers The Display Tab Allows you to control the way the layer is displayedMapTips show attribute values when you hover the mouse over a featureControl Layer transparencySetup HyperlinksExclude certain features from displayingIf you can't see MapTips even after you've enabled them, make sure that the layer is turned on and the features in the layer are not hidden by features in overlapping layers.Setting Transparency – Makes your layer transparent – a bit different from the transparency of Arcview 3.3e.g. Make Land Cover (raster) to transparent so that you can see the shaded relief as a background. Also work with Vector layerIn ArcMap, you can halt redraw process by pressing any key or click on the screen.
55Working with Layers The Symbology Tab Define legend symbology Fiddle factor is quite highCan import legends from ArcView 3.x
56Working with Layers Defining Symbology In ArcMap there are tons of predefined symbologySelect one or create your ownChange the fill colorOutline colorMore Symbols availableThe Symbol Selector is used for all symbol operationsDefining SymbologyEasy to create custom symbolsSymbol Manager is extensive…
57Working with Layers Legends Single Symbol Categories Quantities Unique ValuesQuantitiesUsed primarilyon numeric fields
58Working with Layers Category Legends Select the Value fieldUse the Add All Values button to add all unique values to the legendUse Add Values button to add selected values to the legendSelect a color scheme, orSelect each color patch individually, orSelect multiple symbols by holding down [Shift] or [Ctrl]When you change the Value field, you need to click on Add All Values.Usually you want to turn off <all other values>
59Working with Layers Styles ArcMap has very strong legend and symbolization capabilities for Raster and Feature ThemesMany more canned symbols and colors available contained in StylesA style is a theme based collection of colors and symbols that help enable consistent cartographyTools – Styles – Style Managers
60Working with LayersStyles – click on Style References in the layer symbol selectorTools – Styles – Style Managers
61Working with Layers The Fields Tab This property allows you to view the layers fields and their definitionsSet the primary display field used for MapTipsSet aliasesMake visible or invisibleSet the display format of numeric field data
62Working with Layers Definition Query Tab Set a query to define which features will be accessible/visibleUses a Query Builder (SQL - Structured Query Builder Language)<Field_name> <Operator> <Value or String>Try not to type in.
63Working with Layers The Labels Tab ArcMap has a robust labeling environmentSpecify the label parameters hereLots of options, ways of placing labelsLabels are dynamicredrawn every time you zoom or panYou cannot move labels - ArcMap decides where all the labels are placed…
64Working with Layers The Joins & Relates Tab Join tables and define relationships between them
65Working with Layers Image Layer Properties Control how Raster layers are displayedIncludes air photos, scanned maps and raster data setsNo labeling optionTabs vary based on the data sourceMost tab content is the sameIs it photo image or raster data?Will not see this if not working with raster data
66ArcMap – Working with Layers Can spend much time defining layer propertiesLabels, symbols, definitions etc.Layer Properties can be saved as a layer file and shared with other users (i.e. Quick Layers).lyr extensionContains all of the instructions to reconstitute this layerDoes not store data – only the definitions
67Exercise 2 – Working with Layers Create Data Frames and set propertiesAdd Layers and set Layer PropertiesCreate a Layer legendSet a Layer’s label propertiesCreate a Layer file
68Accessing DNR DataThe DNR’s GIS data is stored in a structured fashion called a Geospatial Data Resource Site (GDRS)ArcMap users can access all DNR GIS data through DNR QuickLayers.Landview users can access same data catalog when swapping in layers
69Accessing DNR DataThe goal of QuickLayers is a single portal to DNR GIS data. ArcMap users should never have to hunt around for DNR data.DNR QuickLayers:Organize content by thematic classProvide metadata and status mapsAchieve a standard look “right out of the starting gate” – most data is classified, labeled, and symbolizedAccess to Landview to quickly search/locate a place, then bounce back to that place in ArcMap
70Accessing DNR DataQuick Layers for ArcMap is accessible from Customize | ToolbarsTurn on the toolbar using the checkbox
71Accessing DNR Data Quick Layers toolbar appears You can dock the toolbar
72Accessing DNR Data Topic Categories: MNDNR Basic– organized by thematic class<USERNAME> Custom Allows you to create your own category/layer structureUse Copy/Paste buttons to copy layers from main catalog into your custom catalog
73Accessing DNR Data Show metadata window Add selected data Data Source UpdaterCopyPasteDeleteInsert Layer FileInsert New FolderEdit Selected FolderReport Bug
74Accessing DNR DataView Metadata for Layers by expanding the QuickLayers windowLinks to the full metadata recordPress the expand button to show or hide the metadata
75Accessing DNR Data Thematic Categories are represented as folders Each folder contains a number of LayersLayers are represented with a blue iconDouble click layer to add it to ArcMap or use the add data button on right
76Accessing DNR Data To Create a Category Insert New Folder Give new folder a name
77Accessing DNR DataTo Insert New LayerCreate new Layer button
78Accessing DNR DataCan copy and paste from DRS Layers into Custom Layers:Use the Copy and Paste Layers tool,or …Context menu!Once you create a layer, that layer should not be moved. So, first establish a folder in your hard drive to store all your custom layers.
79Accessing DNR Data Change or add GDRS locations This is where QuickLayers will look for dataGreat for field workOnce you create a layer, that layer should not be moved. So, first establish a folder in your hard drive to store all your custom layers.Prioritize GDRS Locations
80Accessing DNR Data Data source Updater For updating 9.3x (DRS) Map Document data sources to ArcMap 10 (GDRS)Automatically redirects your data sources for youOnce you create a layer, that layer should not be moved. So, first establish a folder in your hard drive to store all your custom layers.
81Accessing DNR Data QuickLayers Bug Reporter Once you create a layer, that layer should not be moved. So, first establish a folder in your hard drive to store all your custom layers.
82Exercise 3 – Using Quick Layers Add the Quick Layers ToolbarAdd Layers to ArcMapGroup LayersCustomize Quick Layers
83Exploring Your Data ArcGIS has many data exploration tools Some are familiarIdentityFind (binoculars)Select by Attributes (Attribute Query)Select by Location (Spatial QuerySpatial BookmarksViewer WindowsOverview WindowMagnifier
84Exploring Your Data ArcGIS doesn’t have Active Themes Tool result windows control what information showsE.g. Find & Identify Tool, You need to specify a layer, layers to retrieve information on.Selections are controlled via selectable layersYou can have many layers selectable at one time.
85Exploring Your Data Identify Tool Lists the full attribute record of and feature you click on with the tool
86Exploring Your data User specifies which layers should participate Top-most layerVisible LayersSelectable LayersAll LayersIndividual layers are listed below…
87Exploring Your Data Don’t forget about Context menus! Flash Feature Zoom to FeatureSelect FeatureCreate BookmarkOpen Entire Attribute Table
88Exploring Your Data The Find Tool Used to locate features using a text stringLike the INFO tool, you can searchAll LayersSelectable LayersOne layer by nameCan restrict to certain fields
89Exploring Your Data The Find Tool All features found will be listed in the search windowAt this point right-click to bring up the context menu and:Flash FeatureZoom to featureIdentify featureSet a bookmarkSelect the featureUnselect the feature
90Exploring Your Data The Select Feature Tool Use to interactively select featuresSelect features to create layers from, run tool processes on, highlight, etc..Uses Selectable Layer listingFeatures are identified in selection colors (default is aqua blue)
91Exploring Your Data Selection Menu Select by Attributes Select by LocationSelect by GraphicsZoom and pan to selected featuresGenerate Statistics about selected featuresInteractive Selection MethodCreate New SelectionAdd to Current SelectionRemove from Current SelectionSelect from Current Selection
92Exploring Your Data Queries Used to search for data based on specific sets of conditionsAttribute – performed on attributesSpatial – performed on spatial location relative to other features
93Exploring Your Data Selection Menu Select by Attributes You are querying the attribute tableShow me all wildfires over 500 acres
94Exploring Your Data Selection Menu Select by Location You are querying the data based on its spatial locationShow me all wildfires in Hubbard CountyHint: You can add to selections (Show me all the wildfires over 500 acres…..in Hubbard County!)
95Exploring Your Data Selected Feature Statistics Linked to feature selectionAs selection changes, so do statistics
96Exploring Your Data Selectable Layers Defined in TOC Default = Everything is selectableHaving every layer selectable can be messy and slowClick selection icon to toggle selectable
97Exploring Your Data Selection options Use these to help control selection tool behaviorSelection colorSelection toleranceInteractive selection characteristics
98Exploring Your DataCan save the selected set of records to a new layer or shapefileLayer Context MenuData –Export Data...Save All Features or selected features
99Exploring Your DataArcGIS has several cool tools for exploring your data:Spatial Bookmarks – a bookmark that is tied to coordinates rather than a URLNew Viewer Window – Open additional display window at user defined extent and scaleOverview Window – a window that allows you to view where you are zoomed into (like a locator map)Magnifier – a window that magnifies the area under the cursor without having to actually zoom in
100Exploring Your DataSpatial Bookmarks keep track of where you’ve been – and want to go back toCreate, Name, Edit and Zoom-To bookmarksLike a web bookmark, only location in natureZoom to a place of interest and then use Bookmarks | create option
101Exploring Your DataOverview window: use the Window |Overview menu optionRed outlineindicates where you areUses the bottom layer in TOC for background so can be a little flaky
102Exploring Your data Magnifier Window Toggle between Magnifier and Viewer windows by right-clicking the triangleViewer option shows a snapshot - can move a Viewer window the Viewer image stays the same
103Exercise 4 – Exploring Your Data Using the Find toolCreating and using BookmarksCreating an Overview windowUsing the Magnifier windowUsing the Identify toolUsing the Select tool
104Working with Tables All Feature datasets have attribute tables Every feature you see has an associated attribute record in a tableOpen a table by right-clicking on the layer of interest and selecting the Open Attribute Table option
105Working with Tables Name of active table Fields and field names # of records selectedShow all or selected records
106Working with TablesSelect records with the mouse pointer along the left edge (on grey boxes)Active table. Other opened tables show as greyed-out tabs
107Working with Tables Table Options Related Tables Select by Attributes Switch SelectionClear SelectionZoom to SelectedDelete Selected
108Working with Tables Display Tips: To hide a column, drag the right edge of the column to the leftTo make it visible again, double-click on the bold column edge, or go to Options | Restore Default Column WidthsDouble clicking any column edge will restore the default width
109Working with Tables Options Button Find and replace values Attribute QueryClear selected recordsSwitch selectionSelect all recordsAdd a field to the tableArrange table windowsTurn All Fields OnRestore Default Column WidthsRelated Tables tasksCreate a graphAdd a table to a layoutPrintReportsExport TableSet appearance of table
110Working with Tables Field Context Menu: Sort fields Summarize Fields ascending or descendingSummarize FieldsNew table createdGenerate StatisticsNo table createdCalculate field ValuesCalculate GeometryFreeze/Unfreeze ColumnHolds column in display while scrollingDelete Field – yes delete field!Properties..
111Working with Tables Adding new fields: For numeric fields Specify Field NameSpecify Field TypeShort Integer – Up to 4 digitsLong Integer - Up to 9 digits (Use Double for longer than 9 digits integer)Float - 7 significant digits (use for field calculations)Double - 15 significant digits (use for field calculations)TextDateBlob – Binary Large ObjectGUIDFor numeric fieldsPrecision = length of fieldScale = number of places to the right of the decimalNote: Add/Delete New field outside of an edit session
112Working with Tables To calculate distance/ area: Add a new field to the layer’s attribute table (float or double)Right-click on field name and choose Calculate GeometrySelect type and units of calculation preferredClick OK to appending table without being in edit modeField will be calculated
113Working with Tables Must repeat calculation once features are edited Calculations can be performed on all or selected records (get into the habit of calculating all )Process works for other desired calculations
114Working with Tables Retrieving “Snapshots” of attribute data: Statistics for numerical fields
115Working with TablesWant an easier way to update general calculations for shapefiles? Use ArcToolbox!DNRtoolbox has General tools | Calculate area/perimeter/lengthDouble-click the tool, then drag a layer from TOC into dialog (or click browse folder)
116Working with TablesSummarize for text/date fields and to create synopses of large data setsDecide which field to summarize, and by whatAdds a summary table to your TOC(i.e. Cause of fire by total acres)
117Working with Tables Graphs easily changed Incorporate into layouts and other applications
118Working with Tables New table placed in Source tab of TOC Opening new table shows synopsisUse summary tables to create graphs
119Exercise 5 - Working with Tables Sorting/resizingStatisticsSelecting recordsSelect by attribute (querying)GraphingCalculating geometry
120Labels, Annotation and Graphics ArcMap has powerful map graphic toolsPlacement of text, symbols and graphics is much improved – but there is much more to learnNeed to know how these are applied in ArcMap to become proficient with themFirst, some terminology…
121Labels, Annotations and Graphics Labels: text that displays some field of an attribute table dynamicallyAs you pan and zoom they are regeneratedLabels are placed based on layer propertiesyou cannot modify a single labelLabel placement properties travel with a layer fileLinked to a featureIf a features attribute value changes, so does the labelYou can set certain restriction of where to place labels, but overall, ArcMap DECIDES where labels are placedAll the property was assigned to each layer.
122Labels, Annotation and Graphics Annotation: storing text as graphicsOften converted from the existing labels, but can create a new onesCan manually change the properties for each labelOnce placed, they don’t move unless you move themTwo storage optionsIn you map document as map document annotationBest option if not much text and text used in one mapIn a geodatabase as geodatabase annotationStored in special types of feature classes inside the geodatabase – good for text used in multiple mapsBest option if text is numerous
123Labels, Annotation and Graphics Dynamically placed by ArcMap – no moving themManaged as a groupCreated for features in the Data ViewLinked to featuresFor on-screen viewing or creating map booksSave in a map documentAnnotationStaticManaged individuallyMay or may not be linked to featureUse to create high quality map outputSave in a map document or geodatabase
124Labels, Annotation and Graphics Accessing Label PropertiesLayer PropertiesIndividual layer propertiesLabel ManagerIcon on Labeling ToolbarDisplay and set all labeling properties for Layers in the Data Frame
125Labels, Annotation and Graphics The Labeling ToolbarLabelPriorityRankingLabelWeightRankingLabelManagerLockLabelsViewUnplacedLabelsPauseLabeling
126Labels, Annotation and Graphics Setting Label PropertiesNumerous methods for controlling label drawing behavior/conflict detectionLabel PriorityDefines the hierarchy for drawing order of labels between layersSpecify if labels overlap features
127Labels, Annotation and Graphics Label Weight RankingUsed to assign relative importance to labels and features.Only used when there is a conflict such as an overlap between a label and feature.By Default, features have a feature weight of None for label classes
128Labels, Annotation and Graphics Point Label PlacementPredefined placement schemeMany schemes availableCustom placement optionsLocationsAnglesDuplicate Labels options
129Labels, Annotation and Graphics Predefined point label placement schemesPlace labels in one of eight standard positions0 = off limits1 = preferredplacement2 = medium3 = lowest
130Labels, Annotation and Graphics Line label placementOrientationHorizontal = always placed atop line at a best fit locationParallel = straight and placed parallel to direction of featureCurved = follows orientation of the line at a best fit locationPerpendicular = straight but perpendicularPositionAbove Line, On the line, or Below,Orientation and OffsetLocation – Start point of a lineDuplicate Labels
131Labels, Annotation and Graphics Polygon label placementPlacement options:Horizontal (try first)StraightOnly place inside polygonDuplicate labels
132Labels, Annotation and Graphics Label visibilityControls label drawing at various scalesIf not defined, label visibility defined by layer visibilityLabels are displayedbetween these scales
133Labels, Annotation and Graphics Locking LabelsLocks size and position of labels in the current extentHow?Label Toolbar | Lock Labels buttonWhy?Redraws faster because label placement is not calculatedNo label movement when zooming in or out (remember that labels are placed dynamically)Labels are only created in the View extent
134Labels, Annotation and Graphics Converting Labels to AnnotationAutomatic Placement doesn’t always workWhen individual labels need to be moved or have individual propertiesAnnotation is choice for high quality maps where label placement is critical (“fine –tuning”)Automatically place labels, then convert to Annotation and adjust what you need to
135Labels, Annotation and Graphics Converting LabelsStore annotationIn a databaseIn the mapCreate AnnotationAll FeaturesFeatures in Current ExtentSelected FeaturesUnplaced LabelsBy default, unplaced labels are not converted to the annotations.
136Labels, Annotation and Graphics Control Annotation in the Data Frame PropertiesConvert to map document annotation:Where to store?All features or Features in current extent?Name the annotation group or take the defaultClick “Convert”
137Labels, Annotation and Graphics Annotation converted to geodatabaseLocate or create a geodatabase to store geodatabase annotationTo Create a File Geodatabase:Start ArcCatalogCreate a file geodatabase and name it (gets a .GDB extension) in ArcCatalogRight-click Layer name and choose Convert to Annotation in ArcMap’s TOC.
138Labels, Annotation and Graphics Geodatabases are:A file type in ArcGISCollection of geographic datasets of various types all under one folder such asTablesFeature Classes (points, lines, polygons, annotations, dimension, multi-patches, multi-points)Raster datasetsNon-spatial data
139Labels, Annotation and Graphics Several types of geodatabases:File Geodatabases = stored as folders in a file system. Each dataset is held as a file that can scale up to 1 TB in size. Recommended over personal geodatabases.Personal Geodatabases = all datasets are stored within a Microsoft Access data file, limited to 2 GB.ArcSDE Geodatabases = stored in a relational database using Oracle, Microsoft SQL Server, IBM DB2, or IBM Informix. These multi-user geodatabases require use of ArcSDE. Unlimited in size and numbers of users.
140Labels, Annotation and Graphics More information about geodatabases in ArcMap Help system (type “overview of geodatabase”)
141Labels, Annotation and Graphics Once annotation is created, it can be editedUse Select Element tool, double-click text to edit
142Labels, Annotation and Graphics Graphics = shapes you draw on Data or Layout View(s) using the tools in the Drawing tool bar:Not spatial dataCan be cut/copied/pasted to and from ArcGISLike graphics in most windows programs:NudgedAlignedDistributedFlippedCan place text using the Text tool
143Labels, Annotation and Graphics Many of similar operations used to create spatial data (shapefiles, geodatabases) may apply:UnionIntersectRemove Overlap (aka Erase)SubtractLike annotation, silimar tools andprinciples may apply
144Labels, Annotation and Graphics To create graphics:Draw graphic using the drop-down Drawing button of toolsUse Text tool for text graphicUse Select Elements tool to move, resize, otherwise edit the graphicIf drawing a freehand line or polygon, use edit line or polygon buttons to show vertices and move/add/delete them
145Exercise 6 – Labels, Annotation, and Graphics LabelingSetting a scale rangeCreate a labeling expressionChanging label symbologyConverting labels to annotationSelecting elementsEditing elementsChallenge – Geodatabase annotation
146Working with Layouts ArcMap has two presentations: Data View = ad-hoc data explorationEquivalent to a View document in ArcView 3Can have multiple data frames within the Data ViewLayout View = map creationEquivalent to a Layout document in ArcView 3Unlike ArcView 3, can’t have multiple Layouts (but can have different Data Frames you drag in and out of the paper margins)Switch Views using the buttons on the lower part of the view window; otherwise use View: Data View/Layout View
147Working with Layouts Two Data Frames Layout View: A piece of paper with Data FramesTwoData Frames
148Working with Layouts Setting Page characteristics: File | Page and Print Setup option
149Working with Layouts Layout View has two navigation toolbars: One for the map (Tools tool bar) – work on a data frame:One for the data (Layout tool bar) – works on a pageYou can zoom and pan data in the layout to get it positioned just rightA great feature - allows fine-tuning the Data View placement on the map
150These work on the Data Frame, not the page Working with LayoutsThese work on the Data Frame, not the pageThese work on the Page, not on the data
151Working with Layouts Cartographic Elements Inserted into the Layout View using Insert | menuIn ArcView these were tools and in a menu . . .TitlesTextNeatlinesLegendsNorth ArrowsScale Bars – Graphic Scale BarsScale Text – 1:24,000Pictures – bitmap, jpeg, gif, etc..Objects – (Word Documents, Excel Spreadsheets)
152Working with Layouts Cartographic Elements Inserted Cartographic Elements are placed in map centerMove/resize it to be where you wantText when placed can be hard to see!
153Working with LayoutsAll elements placed have properties (right-click with a select element tool)Use Select Elements tool to select, resize, or move objectsDelete using [del] keyDouble-clicking or right clicking on the objects to access their properties
154Working with Layouts Graphic Element Context Menu Many familiar options related to graphic operationsUse for the cartographic elements that are selected light blue)
155Working with LayoutsLegends have myriad options, and they can be edited after they are created
156Working with Layouts Legend Properties to change: Title Symbology SpacingFrames, backgroundsItems to includeColumnsClassesPatch/label orderGroupingDouble click legend to change any property
157Working with Layouts Want to change what shows up in the legend? Go to Layer Properties
158Working with Layoutsbut can also change how classes are displayed in Legend Properties using Style button
159Working with Layouts Printing Layouts Just like other programs: FILE | PrintPrint buttonPrint Preview optionPDF - For quick portable, scaleable, “GIS-like” maps where layers can be turned on and off, choose Export Map | Save as PDF
160Exercise 7 – Building a Basic Layout Printer and page setupInserting map elementsCreating a legendAdding additional Data FramesNavigating in the Data View and the Layout ViewExporting maps