2What is a literary analysis? You can write about theme, characters, plot, point of view, symbolism, foreshadowing, and more.It is not a book report.It requires a minimum of 4 quotes from the novel and 1 citation from an outside source.
32nd step – figure out what you will analyze How to analyze a text1st step – Read novel!2nd step – figure out what you will analyze3rd step – Reread passages of your novel
4What can I analyze?One thing you can look at is theme!
5Looking at themeThe idea or point of a story.You can write your essay explaining what the theme of the novel is.Some common themes are…
6themes in Fahrenheit 451 Censorship Ignorance vs. knowledge Life vs. deathTechnology conflict with natureSociety vs. individualPlus more…
7What if theme is not your thing? What about characters!
8Characters – what to look at? Protagonist – major character at the center of the storyAntagonist – a character or force that opposes the protagonist
9Characters Minor– often provide support and illuminate the protagonist Sometimes a minor character has a major impact on the plot
10CharactersCharacterization – the means by which writers reveal characterThere are many ways an author reveal character’s personalities or traits.
11CharactersExplicit – narrator gives facts and comments in a very clear manner. For example, “Jimmy was very angry at his father.”
12Characters Implied– narrator gives description, reader judges For example – “Jimmy threw open the door and stormed into the room, glaring at his father.”
13Characters – what to look for Connections between charactersWhat function does each character serve?Foils
14What if you’re not into characters? Plot - that's what's happening!
15Plot Causality – one event occurs because of another event What are the triggers?What leads to major events occurring?
16PlotConflict – struggle between opposing forces – may be internal or external
17Plot Foreshadowing – a suggestion of what is going to happen Think about all the examples from Of Mice and Men
18Plot Suspense – a sense of worry established by the author Scary movies create suspense because you know something bad will happen at any moment, just not when.Fahrenheit keeps mentioning the fighter planes flying overhead.
19Point of view Narrator – the person telling the story 1st person? 3rd person?How different is our story since it was told in 1st person? What if Mildred told the story?
20What do you do if you don’t want to analyze characters??????? Not characters?What do you do if you don’t want to analyze characters???????
21Irony Verbal – we understand the opposite of what the speaker says Example – “war is kind” from Stephen Crane poem
22IronySituational – when a character or reader expects one thing to happen, but the opposite occursExample – In Chekhov’s “The Bear” – a woman is happy when her husband dies
23Irony Dramatic – the reader knows more than the characters Example – Romeo & Juliet or Titanic – we know the characters fate, but they don’t
24Symbolism Many stories have elements that are symbolic “Raven” – represents death“Mockingbird” – a wonderful creature that should not be harmed
25AllusionsI think you should be able to find a few. You can focus your essay on one type.Ex – look at just literary or biblical or historic allusions
26Language use You could analyze use of simile, metaphor or imagery. There are lots of these to choose from in Fahrenheit 451
27All of these and more could be analyzed in your essay.