2Ratio – Comparison of 2 numbers by division. Ex. 1:2, ½, 1 to 2Proportion – An equation stating that 2 ratios are equal.a:b = c:dExtremes – The last (or end) terms of a proportion.a and d are the extremesMeans – The middle terms of the proportion.b and c are the means
3Ex 1A geometry class consists of 13 males and females. Find the ratio of females to males.Find the ratio of females to the entire class.There are 29 in the class.
4Ex 2The male to female ratio in Italy is to 54. Express this ratio as a fraction in reduced form.To reduce fraction Math enter enter
5To reduce fraction Math enter enter Ex 3The approximate ratio of the circumference (distance around) to diameter (distance across the top) of an oil barrel is inches to 30.5 inches. Express this ratio as a fraction in reduced form.To reduce fraction Math enter enter
6Ex 4 Ex 5 A manufacturer can produce 1140 parts in 4 hours. What is the unit rate in parts per hour?Ex 5Write the ratio as a rate in lowest terms: $3.90 for 6 muffins
7Ex 6There is a law stating the ratio of the width to length of the American flag should be 10 to 19. Which is not the correct ratio?
8Ex 7Which of the following pairs of ratios do not form a proportion? Which ones do?CrossMultiplyYesYesNotaproportionYes
9Set up and solve this proportion. 8) 5 is to 4 as 45 is to x.5Now crossmultiply45____ = ____4x5x=18055x=36
10First - Set up & solve the proportion. 9) 3 is to 2 as x is to 18.3Now crossmultiplyx____ = ____2182x=5422x=27
11NO set up this time!!Just solve…..10)6x=14466x=24
1312) Mr. Jones has taken a survey of college students and found that 40 out of 47 students are liberal arts majors. If a college has 10,827 students, what is the number of students who are liberal arts majors, rounded to the nearest whole number?First – Set upYour proportion!40x____ = _______4710,82747x=433,080Now crossmultiply4747x=9214
1413) Geothermal energy is heat from inside the earth 13) Geothermal energy is heat from inside the earth. Underground temperatures generally increase 9°C for every 300 meters of depth. How deep would a well have to be for the temperature to reach 216°C ?First – Set upYour proportion!9°216°____ = _____300m9m=6480099m=7200
151cm 11cm 30km x 1x = 330 x = 330 km ____ = _____ 14) A map has a scale of 1 cm = 30 km. If two cities are 11 cm apart on the map, what is the actual distance between the two cities to the nearest tenth of a km?First – Set upYour proportion!1cm11cm____ = _____30kmx1x=330x=330 km
16Ex 6 Set up & Solve proportions A regional forestry division wanted to estimate the number of deer in a particular national park. They caught and tagged 76 deer and released them back into the park. Later they selected a sample of 225 deer. Of these 225 deer, 15 were tagged. What is the best estimate of the number of deer in the park?