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Simple Machines Physics Mrs. Coyle. What are some simple machines? Lever Incline Plane Pulley.

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Presentation on theme: "Simple Machines Physics Mrs. Coyle. What are some simple machines? Lever Incline Plane Pulley."— Presentation transcript:

1 Simple Machines Physics Mrs. Coyle

2 What are some simple machines? Lever Incline Plane Pulley

3 Simple Machines Multiply the effort force (allows you to use a smaller effort force to raise a heavier object). Change the direction of the force. Do not reduce the work input.

4 Archimedes: ”GIVE ME A PLACE TO STAND AND I WILL MOVE THE EARTH”

5 Lever

6 Mechanical Advantage MA= Output Force(Weight of Object) Input Force (Effort) MA shows how much you are multiplying your effort force.

7 What is the trade off? What happens to the effort distance, when a machine multiplies the effort force? Answer: Effort distance increases

8 Ideal Mechanical Advantage IMA= Effort Distance (d in ) Output Distance (d out ) IMA is equal to MA in the absence of friction (ideal case).

9 IMA for a Lever IMA= Effort Distance = Effort Arm Output Distance Load Arm

10 Problem What is the ideal mechanical advantage of the lever shown? IMA=3 Fulcrum Load Effort

11 Lever fendt.de/ph11e/lever.htmhttp://www.walter- fendt.de/ph11e/lever.htm

12 Types of Levers Type1 Type 2 Type 3

13 Incline Plane

14 d IN d OUT

15 Problem: Which has a greater IMA? A B

16 Problem: Find the IMA. 10m 5m

17 Pulleys

18

19 Single Fixed Pulley Ideally: W in =W out F in d in = F out d out IMA= d in /d out =1

20 Single Moveable Pulley IMA= 2

21 Combination of Fixed and Moveable Pulleys IMA= 2

22 IMA for Pulleys The IMA of pulleys can quickly be found by counting the number of lifting strands.

23 Question What is the IMA of the following pulleys?

24 Efficiency Efficiency indicates the percentage of the input work that was converted to useful work and not lost to friction. % eff = (W out / W in ) x 100 % % eff = (MA / IMA) x 100 %


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