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Unit 5 (B): Sleep Disorders Mr. McCormick A.P. Psychology.

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Presentation on theme: "Unit 5 (B): Sleep Disorders Mr. McCormick A.P. Psychology."— Presentation transcript:

1 Unit 5 (B): Sleep Disorders Mr. McCormick A.P. Psychology

2 Do-Now (Survey/In Journal)  Answer the True/False questions on Hand-Out 3-9: “Am I Sleep Deprived?”  If you answered True to 3 or more of the 15 items, it is likely that you are not getting enough sleep.

3 “Sleep Debt”  James Maas’ Theory of Sleep Deprivation:  Experimenting with time cues has concluded that people may require 9-10 hours of sleep per night  Sleep vs. Wakefulness are like bank transactions:  Hours slept are like deposits into our bank account of sleep  Hours of wakefulness are like withdrawals  A one-hour sleep loss per night for a week is the equivalent of pulling one all-nighter  People often find themselves in sleep debt (cumulative negative effects of not getting enough sleep)

4 “Sleep Debt”  Do you agree with James Maas’ Theory of Sleep Deprivation?  Why or why not?

5 “Sleep Debt”  Think about the hours you spend sleeping on weekdays vs. weekends:  Can you apply James Maas’ Theory of Sleep Deprivation to your sleep behaviors?

6 Sleep Deprivation  How do you feel after not getting enough sleep?

7 Sleep Deprivation 1.Fatigue and subsequent death 2.Impaired concentration 3.Emotional irritability 4.Depressed immune system 5.Greater vulnerability

8 Sleep Deprivation Frequency of accidents increase with loss of sleep

9 Sleep Disorders  Sleep Disorders:  Insomnia  Narcolepsy  Sleep Apnea  Night Terrors  Sleepwalking/Sleep Talking

10 Insomnia  Insomnia:  Recurring problems of falling or staying asleep  Affects 1/10 adults (1/4 older adults)  Causes:  Stress/Anxiety  Depression  Drug/Alcohol abuse  Irregular sleep schedules

11 Narcolepsy  Narcolepsy:  Uncontrollable sleep attacks  Sufferer may lapse directly into REM Sleep, often at inopportune times  Affects 1/2000 people  Etymology:  Narco: “numbness”  Lepsy: “seizure”  Causes:  Neurological

12 Sleep Apnea  Sleep Apnea:  Temporary cessations of breathing during sleep and repeated awakenings  Affects 1/20 people  Etymology:  Apnea: “without breath”  Causes:  Enlarged tonsils  Obesity  Recurring infection

13 Night Terrors  Night Terrors:  High arousal and appearance of being terrified  Unlike nightmares, night terrors occur during Stage 4 sleep, within two or three hours of falling asleep  Seldom remembered  Affects mostly children  Causes:  Sleep Deprivation/Fatigue  Stress/Anxiety  Fever  Intense stimulation of amygdala during sleep  Extensive Stage 4 sleep (children)

14 Sleepwalking/Sleep Talking  Sleepwalking/Sleep Talking:  Walking/talking during Stage 4 sleep  Often not recalled  Affects mostly children  Causes:  Heredity  Stress/Anxiety  Sleep deprivation  Extensive Stage 4 sleep (children)  Sedative medications

15 Personal Experience with Sleep Disorders  Can you recall a time when you experienced one of the 5 sleep disorders we have discussed?  What was your experience like?

16 Review  What is sleep debt and how does it relate to James Maas’ Theory of Sleep Deprivation?  What are some of the effects of sleep deprivation?  Discuss the symptoms and causes of the following:  Insomnia  Narcolepsy  Sleep Apnea  Night Terrors  Sleepwalking/Sleep Talking

17 Homework  Unit 5 FRQ:  Unit 5 Quiz: “States of Consciousness”  Research Study Response #8: “Acting as if You Are Hypnotized” (Pgs )  Unit 5 Test: “States of Consciousness”  Chapter 7 Outline: “Learning”


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