Presentation on theme: "Unit 5 (B): Sleep Disorders"— Presentation transcript:
1Unit 5 (B): Sleep Disorders Mr. McCormickA.P. Psychology
2Do-Now (Survey/In Journal) Answer the True/False questions on Hand-Out 3-9: “Am I Sleep Deprived?”If you answered True to 3 or more of the 15 items, it is likely that you are not getting enough sleep.
3“Sleep Debt” James Maas’ Theory of Sleep Deprivation: Experimenting with time cues has concluded that people may require 9-10 hours of sleep per nightSleep vs. Wakefulness are like bank transactions:Hours slept are like deposits into our bank account of sleepHours of wakefulness are like withdrawalsA one-hour sleep loss per night for a week is the equivalent of pulling one all-nighterPeople often find themselves in sleep debt (cumulative negative effects of not getting enough sleep)
4Do you agree with James Maas’ Theory of Sleep Deprivation? “Sleep Debt”Do you agree with James Maas’ Theory of Sleep Deprivation?Why or why not?
5Theory of Sleep Deprivation “Sleep Debt”Think about the hours you spend sleeping on weekdays vs. weekends:Can you apply James Maas’Theory of Sleep Deprivationto your sleep behaviors?
6after not getting enough sleep? Sleep DeprivationHow do you feelafter not getting enough sleep?
7Sleep Deprivation Fatigue and subsequent death Impaired concentration Emotional irritabilityDepressed immune systemGreater vulnerability
8Frequency of accidents increase with loss of sleep Sleep DeprivationFrequency of accidents increase with loss of sleep
10Insomnia Insomnia: Recurring problems of falling or staying asleep Affects 1/10 adults (1/4 older adults)Causes:Stress/AnxietyDepressionDrug/Alcohol abuseIrregular sleep schedules
11Narcolepsy Narcolepsy: Uncontrollable sleep attacks Sufferer may lapse directly into REM Sleep, often at inopportune timesAffects 1/2000 peopleEtymology:Narco: “numbness”Lepsy: “seizure”Causes:Neurological
12Sleep Apnea Sleep Apnea: Temporary cessations of breathing during sleep and repeated awakeningsAffects 1/20 peopleEtymology:Apnea: “without breath”Causes:Enlarged tonsilsObesityRecurring infection
13Night Terrors Night Terrors: High arousal and appearance of being terrifiedUnlike nightmares, night terrors occur during Stage 4 sleep, within two or three hours of falling asleepSeldom rememberedAffects mostly childrenCauses:Sleep Deprivation/FatigueStress/AnxietyFeverIntense stimulation of amygdala during sleepExtensive Stage 4 sleep (children)
14Sleepwalking/Sleep Talking Walking/talking during Stage 4 sleepOften not recalledAffects mostly childrenCauses:HeredityStress/AnxietySleep deprivationExtensive Stage 4 sleep (children)Sedative medications
15Personal Experience with Sleep Disorders Can you recall a time when you experienced one of the 5 sleep disorders we have discussed?What was your experience like?
16ReviewWhat is sleep debt and how does it relate to James Maas’ Theory of Sleep Deprivation?What are some of the effects of sleep deprivation?Discuss the symptoms and causes of the following:InsomniaNarcolepsySleep ApneaNight TerrorsSleepwalking/Sleep Talking
17Homework Unit 5 FRQ: Unit 5 Quiz: “States of Consciousness” Research Study Response #8: “Acting as if You Are Hypnotized” (Pgs )Unit 5 Test: “States of Consciousness”Chapter 7 Outline: “Learning”