Presentation on theme: "Unit 5 (B): Sleep Disorders Mr. McCormick A.P. Psychology."— Presentation transcript:
Unit 5 (B): Sleep Disorders Mr. McCormick A.P. Psychology
Do-Now (Survey/In Journal) Answer the True/False questions on Hand-Out 3-9: “Am I Sleep Deprived?” If you answered True to 3 or more of the 15 items, it is likely that you are not getting enough sleep.
“Sleep Debt” James Maas’ Theory of Sleep Deprivation: Experimenting with time cues has concluded that people may require 9-10 hours of sleep per night Sleep vs. Wakefulness are like bank transactions: Hours slept are like deposits into our bank account of sleep Hours of wakefulness are like withdrawals A one-hour sleep loss per night for a week is the equivalent of pulling one all-nighter People often find themselves in sleep debt (cumulative negative effects of not getting enough sleep)
“Sleep Debt” Do you agree with James Maas’ Theory of Sleep Deprivation? Why or why not?
“Sleep Debt” Think about the hours you spend sleeping on weekdays vs. weekends: Can you apply James Maas’ Theory of Sleep Deprivation to your sleep behaviors?
Sleep Deprivation How do you feel after not getting enough sleep?
Sleep Deprivation 1.Fatigue and subsequent death 2.Impaired concentration 3.Emotional irritability 4.Depressed immune system 5.Greater vulnerability
Sleep Deprivation Frequency of accidents increase with loss of sleep
Narcolepsy Narcolepsy: Uncontrollable sleep attacks Sufferer may lapse directly into REM Sleep, often at inopportune times Affects 1/2000 people Etymology: Narco: “numbness” Lepsy: “seizure” Causes: Neurological
Sleep Apnea Sleep Apnea: Temporary cessations of breathing during sleep and repeated awakenings Affects 1/20 people Etymology: Apnea: “without breath” Causes: Enlarged tonsils Obesity Recurring infection
Night Terrors Night Terrors: High arousal and appearance of being terrified Unlike nightmares, night terrors occur during Stage 4 sleep, within two or three hours of falling asleep Seldom remembered Affects mostly children Causes: Sleep Deprivation/Fatigue Stress/Anxiety Fever Intense stimulation of amygdala during sleep Extensive Stage 4 sleep (children)
Sleepwalking/Sleep Talking Sleepwalking/Sleep Talking: Walking/talking during Stage 4 sleep Often not recalled Affects mostly children Causes: Heredity Stress/Anxiety Sleep deprivation Extensive Stage 4 sleep (children) Sedative medications
Personal Experience with Sleep Disorders Can you recall a time when you experienced one of the 5 sleep disorders we have discussed? What was your experience like?
Review What is sleep debt and how does it relate to James Maas’ Theory of Sleep Deprivation? What are some of the effects of sleep deprivation? Discuss the symptoms and causes of the following: Insomnia Narcolepsy Sleep Apnea Night Terrors Sleepwalking/Sleep Talking
Homework Unit 5 FRQ: Unit 5 Quiz: “States of Consciousness” Research Study Response #8: “Acting as if You Are Hypnotized” (Pgs. 56-64) Unit 5 Test: “States of Consciousness” Chapter 7 Outline: “Learning”