“ Capitalism ” As an Economic System Means of production (capital) are privately controlled (not government controlled) Means of production—land, labor, capital factories, tools, services, natural resources and raw materials Labor, goods and capital are traded in a market Profits are distributed to owners or invested in new technologies and industries Wages are paid to labor Prices This is, and has been, the American way. That is why some Americans do not want a GOVERNMENT health care plan.
Capitalism in your life Your doctor has his/her own practice You shop at the Sports Authority. You eat at local restaurants. You have Oxford health insurance (a private business) NONE OF THESE ARE GOVERNMENT OWNED
We are not a PURE Capitalistic State We pay taxes that pay for… Schools Social Security Highways Post office
Hence… We have the PUBLIC (government run) & the PRIVATE (private businesses)
Adam Smith The Wealth of Nations 18 th century economist Outlined modern capitalism Believed in the “ free market ” (without government interference) Capitalism favors/believes in the individual * Self-made man * Upward mobility * Rags to riches
Is Capitalism a good thing? Why? Why not? What is the alternative to capitalism? How can capitalism be regulated? What should be the relationship between government and the workplace? Government and the individual?
Marx May 5, 1818 – March 14, 1883) was a German philosopher, political economist, historian, sociologist, communist. Revolutionary book The Communist Manifesto (co-authored with Friedrich Engels) 1848 Outlined communism Writing in response to the Industrial Revolution in Europe (what they saw as injustice)
Communist Manifesto 1.) History of society is a history of class struggles The oppressor and the oppressed In Rome, in the Middle Ages. Rulers and slaves; nobility and serfs. 2.) Today that struggle is between the modern bourgeois (owners of the means of production in capitalist society—employers) and the proletariat (working class). -Lives only as long as they can find work -A “ commodity ” (is expendable, replaceable, homogeneous).
Marx Cont ’ d 3.) Modern industry has converted the little workshop (artisans—the shoemaker, the butcher, the basket-maker) into the great factory of the industrial capitalist. -Masses of laborers, crowded in the factory, organized like soldiers. 4.) The proletarians have attempted to unionize to varying degrees of success.
Marx Cont ’ d 5. proletariat (the majority) can revolt against this system of oppression (with nothing to lose).
Communism : The overthrow of capitalism by the proletariat This will cure the problems of the inequality. Empower the “ have nots ” Bring justice back into society.
A Communist Revolution What is Communism? Why: To eradicate classes from society for the purpose of ridding society of “ haves and have nots ” To form an “ egalitarian society ” (society of equals) A collective ownership of property and the organization of labor for the common advantage of all members. Eventually rule out government entirely. Where did the individual go? Competition?
Communist motto: “ From each according to his ability, to each according to his needs. ” You ’ re a farmer you produce what is necessary for society. Hitting quotas (50 bushels of corn a day). You ’ re a blacksmith you produce what is necessary for society There are no owners of business. Everybody works for the common good of each other. No wages