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Chapter 14: Personality Tests: The Big Five & Type A vs. B Mr. McCormick Psychology.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 14: Personality Tests: The Big Five & Type A vs. B Mr. McCormick Psychology."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 14: Personality Tests: The Big Five & Type A vs. B Mr. McCormick Psychology

2 The Big Five The Big Five: The Big Five: Five broad dimensions that are used to describe human personality Five broad dimensions that are used to describe human personality Developed by Paul Costa and Robert McCrae Developed by Paul Costa and Robert McCrae Five dimensions assessed: Five dimensions assessed: Openness (“Open” vs. “Closed”) Openness (“Open” vs. “Closed”) Conscientiousness (“Conscientious” vs. “Spontaneous”) Conscientiousness (“Conscientious” vs. “Spontaneous”) Agreeableness (“Agreeable” vs. “Hostile”) Agreeableness (“Agreeable” vs. “Hostile”) Extraversion (“Extraverted” vs. “Introverted”) Extraversion (“Extraverted” vs. “Introverted”) Neuroticism (“Neurotic” vs. “Stable”) Neuroticism (“Neurotic” vs. “Stable”)

3 Dimensions of The Big Five

4 The Big Five: High and Low Scores

5 Type A vs. B Personality Type A vs. B Personality: Type A vs. B Personality: Two major personality types Two major personality types Controversial idea Controversial idea Not entirely supported by modern psychology Not entirely supported by modern psychology Established by Meyer Friedman and Ray Rosenman (1950’s): Established by Meyer Friedman and Ray Rosenman (1950’s): 9 year study of 3,000 healthy men ages year study of 3,000 healthy men ages By the end of the study, nearly 257 men had suffered from heart attacks By the end of the study, nearly 257 men had suffered from heart attacks 69% were Type A 69% were Type A No “pure” Type B suffered from coronary heart disease No “pure” Type B suffered from coronary heart disease

6 Type A vs. B Personality Type A: Type A: Structured Structured Competitive Competitive Hardworking Hardworking Easily stressed Easily stressed Impatient Impatient Aggressive Aggressive Anger prone Anger prone Sense of urgency Sense of urgency Less social Less social Type B: Type B: Less structured Less structured Less competitive Less competitive Easy-going Easy-going Less easily stressed Less easily stressed Patient Patient Less aggressive Less aggressive Less anger prone Less anger prone Relaxed Relaxed Social Social

7 Type A vs. B Personality

8 The Big Five Find out what you score on the Big Five! Take the test:

9 Type A vs. B Find out whether your personality is more Type A or B! Take the test:


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