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Thunderstorm Formation

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Presentation on theme: "Thunderstorm Formation"— Presentation transcript:

1 Thunderstorm Formation
A thunderstorm forms when warm, humid air rises rapidly within a cumulonimbus cloud.

2 Thunderstorms have warm temperatures, moisture, and rising air, which may be supplied by a low-pressure system. Thunderstorms have a three-stage life cycle: the cumulus stage, the mature stage, and the dissipation stage.

3 The cumulus stage is dominated by cloud formation and updrafts.
After the cumulus stage, downdrafts, which are air currents moving vertically toward the ground, begin to form.

4 In the mature stage, heavy winds, rain, and lightning dominate the area.

5 In the dissipation stage, updrafts stop, winds die down, lighting ceases, and precipitation weakens.

6 Time

7 Tornadoes

8 A tornado is a violent, whirling column of air in contact with the ground.
Tornadoes form when thunderstorm updrafts begin to rotate.

9 Tornado Formation - Storms Tornadoes can form when warm, humid air rises rapidly in thick cumulonimbus clouds—the same type of clouds that bring thunderstorms. 9

10 Tornado Alley - Storms Tornadoes in the U.S. are most likely to occur in a region known as Tornado Alley. 10

11 Tornadoes Occur most in May & June Occur most between 3-8 pm
What conditions are needed????





16 Structure of a Hurricane
- Storms Structure of a Hurricane In a hurricane, air moves rapidly around a low-pressure area called the eye. 16

17 Warm, humid air rises and begins to spiral
Begins as a low-pressure area over warm water, or a tropical disturbance Warm, humid air rises and begins to spiral As air rises, more warm, moist air is drawn into the system, and the hurricane gains energy As winds spiral inward, bands of high winds and heavy rains form.


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