First You Must Place an Order (Prepare to Write) You cannot write an adequate answer without a clear understanding of the question Understand key terms in the question (prompt). – –Analyze – – –Assess/Evaluate – – –Compare – – –Contrast – – –Describe – – –Discuss – – –Explain – Menu: Analyze the Question
Don’t Forget Your Drink S P R I T E All DBQs should address either political, economic, and/or social aspects You will know what to address because those specific words will be in the question)
Make It a Combo Meal (Group Documents) Read through the documents and see how they relate to the question Notice who is writing or saying it and what perspective they are taking – are they taking a position? Group the people by either what they are saying, believe in, or what social class they belong to, etc. Doing this step will allow you to establish the all- important _________________ in your essay. While writing this essay you must write about what different people were thinking during the time. Notice how many documents are given, in order to pass this essay you should use at least half of the documents given. You do not have to use all of the documents, but try to use the majority of them. Treat charts, graphs, maps, or pictures very seriously. They provide good information and are included for a purpose. Discuss their meaning and incorporate in your essay. Some documents will be more important than others as they relate to the question more significantly. On scratch paper write down a table of some kind and categorize each document. This will make it easier when writing your essay.
The “Top Bun” of your essay! 4-6 sentences The Introductory Paragraph
1.E stablish 2.C reate a clear 3.A llude to the o or categories you will discuss to support your thesis statement No “laundry list!” 4.F ocus on the question at hand—do NOT begin with a “flowery” sentence! The Introductory Paragraph
The “tasty” part of your essay! 8-12 sentences+ per paragraph The “ ” Meat ” ” Paragraphs
1.I dentify your in the first sentence 2.I nclude the documents that are relevant to support the ideas in the paragraph 3.U se most of the documents given 4.B ring in supportive outside information This is critical!! o.k. = “o k ” (*Why were these documents selected?) The “ ” Meat ” ” Paragraphs
1. ? 2. ? 3. ? 4. ? 5. ? 6. ? Remember, docs. can be used in a variety of ways! Questions to Ask Yourself About the Documents
1.Thomas 1.Thomas Paine, in his pamphlet, Common Sense, Sense, said: “………………….” 2.Joe 2.Joe Smith, a mid-Western delegate to the Republican convention in 1912, 1912, agreed with….. 3.The 3.The 19 c 19 c historian, Frederick Jackson Turner, Turner, felt that …………………. (Doc. E) Avoid: “In Document E, …” How to Reference a Document in Your Essay
The “Bottom Bun” of your essay! It holds it all together! 3-4 sentences The Concluding Paragraph
1.S tart with a “concluding phrase” 2.R estate your thesis statement a bit differently 3.P ut your essay answer in a larger historical perspective End of some trend/movement/idea, etc. Beginning of some trend/movement/idea End of one & beginning of another. Do NOT end on the note that this is the reason we are where we are today! The Concluding” Paragraph
Put It All Together, And....
Ummmmm, Burger! I Mean, A Perfect Essay!
(Leave) A Tip Before you start writing, always organize your thoughts – –Outline – –Table – –Graphic organizer
Create a rough draft in outline form using this format: Skip a line from your intro. ¶ Identify the “theme”/thesis of this first “meat” ¶ [underline or highlight it] Indent bullets listing all facts/doc. info. and other “o.i.”s “o.i.”s that you will need in that ¶ When done with that ¶, ¶, skip a line and do the same for the other “meat” ¶s 1.Write 1.Write out your introductory paragraph. 2.Create 2.Create a loose outline of your “meat” ¶ s ¶ s in this manner: DO-NOW In Class: 3.Skip 3.Skip a line after your last “meat” ¶ and write your concluding ¶ out in full.
Write out your introductory paragraph in full, underlining your thesis statement. ¶ 1 ¶ 1 sub-topic title Information Information from a document (Doc-B) from another document (Doc-E) Some Some outside information (OI) Different Different info. from the same document (Doc-E) ¶ 2 ¶ 2 sub-topic title Information Information from a document (Doc-A) Some Some outside information (OI) outside information (OI) Information Information from another document (Doc-H) Outline Format
¶3 ¶3 sub-topic title Information Information from a document (Doc-C) from another document (Doc-D) Some Some outside information (OI) Information Information from another document (Doc-F) New New information from the same document (Doc-F) Some Some outside information (OI) outside information (OI) Write out your concluding paragraph in full. Outline Format
Now, Go Home & Write Your Essay And Dazzle Me With Your Brilliance!
1.D ouble space. 2.O ne-inch margin all around the page. 3.O nly use size 10 or 11 font [NOT 12 or 14!!] 4.U se only arial or comic sans fonts [NOT Times News Roman!] 5.3 – 3 ½ pages ONLY!! 6.D on’t double-double space between ¶s. 7.I ndent the first word of a ¶ one inch. 8.B oldface document referencing. 9.U nderline your thesis statement. Typing Format