Presentation on theme: "Safe Driving Rules and Regulations"— Presentation transcript:
1 Safe Driving Rules and Regulations Chapter FourSafe Driving Rules and Regulations
2 Speed Control: Speeding is a common cause of fatal accidents. Keep up with the flow of traffic at any legal speed.Make glances to your speedometer to stay in touch with your speed.
3 New Jersey Speed Limits: *25 mph – school zones, business or residential districts35 mph – certain low density business & residential districts.*50 mph–All other roadways/not posted55 mph – certain state highways (as posted) & all interstate highways65 mph – certain interstate highways (as posted)
4 Facts about Speeding The higher the speed: The less time the driver has to spot dangerous situationsThe greater the time and distance it takes to stopThe greater the chance the car will skidThe greater the force of impact will be in a collisionThe greater the personal injuries and property damages are in collisions
5 When to Slow DownJudge your speed control by the type of, road, weather, and traffic.Times to Slow: wet or slippery, curves, intersections etc.Winding roads, hills and narrow roads
6 Driving to slowly Try to keep with normal flow of traffic. NJ law prohibits you from blocking traffic by slow driving.
7 * New Law*- Safe Corridor Law Doubles fines in various state highways for driving offenses (speeding/aggressive driving)
8 Keep To Right- NJ LawDrive close to the right hand edge or curb of the roadway except when passing.
9 Passing:Pass only when safe and you can see far enough ahead for oncoming traffic.Watch for lane markings
10 Most passing should be on the left You may pass on the right on roads that have more than one lane going in the same direction.You may pass on the right when the driver ahead is making a left turn and there is room to pass.Do Not pass on the right shoulder.
11 Do Not Pass On a hill or curve At a street crossing or intersection At a railroad crossingWhen a car in front has stopped to let a pedestrian crossNarrow bridges or in underpasses or tunnelsWhen a sign prohibits passing or lines restrict passing
12 Yielding the Right of Way Yield to police cars, fire engines & ambulances.Yield to pedestrians in crosswalks Controlled IntersectionsTraffic lights or signs in any direction.Buses and Postal vehicles
13 Pedestrians in Crosswalk Failure to yield, $100 fine, up to 25 days in jail, 2 point license penaltyPedestrians have the right of way, must be alert of them at all times.
14 IntersectionsControlledUncontrolledBlindTraffic Circle
15 Conditions when you must yield at a controlled intersection: 1. At a 4-way stop yield to the driver on the right if both get there at the same time. ( left yields to right)2. In the intersection yield to the other driver who is already stopped.At a yield sign, slow down and yield to traffic on the roadWhen making a left turn yield to oncoming traffic and pedestrians.* driving on private property to avoid a traffic signal or sign is a motor vehicle violation.
16 Uncontrolled Intersections A. When 2 or more roads join and there are no traffic signsB. Be ready to stop if any traffic is coming from the left or the right.
17 Entering highways, parkways and turnpikes A. Multi-lane roads with traffic flow in one direction.B. There are no direct intersections.C.To enter acceleration lanes are used (these are extra lanes to help the driver enter the highway and speed up to the flow of traffic).
18 Key points to entering highways -watch for and obey the advisory speed the entrance ramp-as you get to the acceleration lane, speed up to the flow of traffic-before you get to the end of the acceleration lane look for an opening in traffic, try to avoid coming to a complete stop-yield to traffic and enter when safe
19 Turning Regulations p. 68-71 A. Right turn on red-NJ law allows a right turn on red after a complete stop unless there is a sign stating no turn on red.B. Left turns
20 Stopping Regulations When you must stop: • at an intersection w/ a stop sign• where there is a red light• where there is a flashing red light• when a traffic officer orders you to stop• when there is a yield sign and traffic on the through road is too close
21 • when a school bus’ red lights are flashing • for pedestrians in a crosswalk or at an intersection• at a railroad crossing• for emergency vehicles● at intersection w/ yellow light after green● coming out of an alley, private driveway or building
22 Stopping Regulation Laws 15 ft from RR crossing when the lights are flashingFYI: trains need more that a mile to stop if traveling at 60 mph or more25 ft in both directions from a bus with its lights onIf bus is dropping off students in front of school cars can pass at 10 mph
23 Cont….Emergency vehicles, must pull over to extreme right wait for vehicle to passMust keep 300 ft behind a signaling vehicle
24 Using Your LightsNJ law states that you must turn on your headlights when you use windshield wipersHeadlights must be used:- between ½ hour after sunset and ½ hour before sunrise- in bad weather (rain, smoke, fog, snow)- whenever visibility is 500 ft. or less
26 Parking Regulations pgs. 75 & 76 Do not park:• on a crosswalk• within 10 feet of a fire hydrant• within 25 ft. of a crosswalk at an intersection• within 50 ft. of a railroad crossing• within 50 ft. of a stop sign
27 • within 20 ft. of the driveway. entrance to any fire station; within • within 20 ft. of the driveway entrance to any fire station; within 75 ft. on the street opposite a fire station entrance• in a handicapped spot• on a bridge, elevated roadway or in any tunnel
28 LitteringFines up to $1,000If vehicle is moving when litter is thrown license could be suspended
29 Cell Phone LawState law prohibits use of hand held devices while drivingFines range between $100 and $250GDL- may not use cell phone period when behind the wheel
30 Move Over LawMotorists approaching emergency vehicles, or emergency service vehicles with a flashing light must change lanes.Slow down if it is impossible to change lanesFailure=$100 fine