Presentation on theme: "Chapter Four Safe Driving Rules and Regulations. Speed Control: A.Speeding is a common cause of fatal accidents. B.Keep up with the flow of traffic at."— Presentation transcript:
Chapter Four Safe Driving Rules and Regulations
Speed Control: A.Speeding is a common cause of fatal accidents. B.Keep up with the flow of traffic at any legal speed. C.Make glances to your speedometer to stay in touch with your speed.
New Jersey Speed Limits: A.*25 mph – school zones, business or residential districts B.35 mph – certain low density business & residential districts. C.*50 mph–All other roadways/not posted D.55 mph – certain state highways (as posted) & all interstate highways E.65 mph – certain interstate highways (as posted)
Facts about Speeding TThe higher the speed: The less time the driver has to spot dangerous situations The greater the time and distance it takes to stop The greater the chance the car will skid The greater the force of impact will be in a collision The greater the personal injuries and property damages are in collisions
When to Slow Down A.Judge your speed control by the type of, road, weather, and traffic. B.Times to Slow: wet or slippery, curves, intersections etc. C.Winding roads, hills and narrow roads
Driving to slowly A.Try to keep with normal flow of traffic. B.NJ law prohibits you from blocking traffic by slow driving.
* New Law*- Safe Corridor Law Doubles fines in various state highways for driving offenses (speeding/aggressive driving)
Keep To Right- NJ Law A.Drive close to the right hand edge or curb of the roadway except when passing.
Passing: A.Pass only when safe and you can see far enough ahead for oncoming traffic. B.Watch for lane markings
Most passing should be on the left You may pass on the right on roads that have more than one lane going in the same direction. You may pass on the right when the driver ahead is making a left turn and there is room to pass. Do Not pass on the right shoulder.
Do Not Pass A.On a hill or curve B.At a street crossing or intersection C.At a railroad crossing D.When a car in front has stopped to let a pedestrian cross E.Narrow bridges or in underpasses or tunnels F.When a sign prohibits passing or lines restrict passing
Yielding the Right of Way A.Yield to police cars, fire engines & ambulances. B.Yield to pedestrians in crosswalks Controlled Intersections C.Traffic lights or signs in any direction. D.Buses and Postal vehicles
Pedestrians in Crosswalk Failure to yield, $100 fine, up to 25 days in jail, 2 point license penalty Pedestrians have the right of way, must be alert of them at all times.
Conditions when you must yield at a controlled intersection: 1. At a 4-way stop yield to the driver on the right if both get there at the same time. ( left yields to right) 2. In the intersection yield to the other driver who is already stopped. 3.At a yield sign, slow down and yield to traffic on the road 4.When making a left turn yield to oncoming traffic and pedestrians. * driving on private property to avoid a traffic signal or sign is a motor vehicle violation.
Uncontrolled Intersections A. When 2 or more roads join and there are no traffic signs B. Be ready to stop if any traffic is coming from the left or the right.
Entering highways, parkways and turnpikes A. Multi-lane roads with traffic flow in one direction. B. There are no direct intersections. C.To enter acceleration lanes are used (these are extra lanes to help the driver enter the highway and speed up to the flow of traffic).
Key points to entering highways -watch for and obey the advisory speed the entrance ramp -as you get to the acceleration lane, speed up to the flow of traffic -before you get to the end of the acceleration lane look for an opening in traffic, try to avoid coming to a complete stop -yield to traffic and enter when safe
Turning Regulationsp A. Right turn on red -NJ law allows a right turn on red after a complete stop unless there is a sign stating no turn on red. B. Left turns
Stopping Regulations When you must stop: at an intersection w/ a stop sign where there is a red light where there is a flashing red light when a traffic officer orders you to stop when there is a yield sign and traffic on the through road is too close
when a school bus’ red lights are flashing for pedestrians in a crosswalk or at an intersection at a railroad crossing for emergency vehicles ● at intersection w/ yellow light after green ● coming out of an alley, private driveway or building
Stopping Regulation Laws 15 ft from RR crossing when the lights are flashing FYI: trains need more that a mile to stop if traveling at 60 mph or more 25 ft in both directions from a bus with its lights on If bus is dropping off students in front of school cars can pass at 10 mph
Cont…. Emergency vehicles, must pull over to extreme right wait for vehicle to pass Must keep 300 ft behind a signaling vehicle
Using Your Lights NJ law states that you must turn on your headlights when you use windshield wipers Headlights must be used: - between ½ hour after sunset and ½ hour before sunrise - in bad weather (rain, smoke, fog, snow) - whenever visibility is 500 ft. or less
Parking Regulations pgs. 75 & 76 Do not park: on a crosswalk within 10 feet of a fire hydrant within 25 ft. of a crosswalk at an intersection within 50 ft. of a railroad crossing within 50 ft. of a stop sign
within 20 ft. of the driveway entrance to any fire station; within 75 ft. on the street opposite a fire station entrance in a handicapped spot on a bridge, elevated roadway or in any tunnel
Littering Fines up to $1,000 If vehicle is moving when litter is thrown license could be suspended
Cell Phone Law State law prohibits use of hand held devices while driving Fines range between $100 and $250 GDL- may not use cell phone period when behind the wheel
Move Over Law Motorists approaching emergency vehicles, or emergency service vehicles with a flashing light must change lanes. Slow down if it is impossible to change lanes Failure=$100 fine