2 Multiple Choice Section Questions based on nonfiction texts you will read during the test.# of questions: Approximately 55Timing: 60 minutesWhat might the questions be addressing?Speaker’s/Writer’s purpose/thesisRhetorical techniques in the textDiction; Style; Syntax; Tone; Connotation/Denotation of specific words in passage; etc…
3 Multiple Choice Scoring Machine scored+1 point for each correct answer- ¼ point for incorrect answerWorth 45% of total score.
4 Sample Multiple Choice Questions 1. Which of the following best describes the rhetorical function of the second sentence in the passage?(a) It makes an appeal to authority.(b) It restates the thesis of the passage.(c) It expresses the causal relationship between morality and writing style.(d) It provides a specific example for the preceding generalization.(e) It presents a misconception that the author will correct.2. The author’s observation in the sentence beginning “It is clear’’ (lines 49–51) is best described as an example of which of the following?(a) Mocking tone(b) Linguistic paradox(c) Popularity of the familiar style(d) The author’s defense of Johnson’s style(e) The author’s advice to the reader
5 Free Response Questions (Essays) 3 essays worth 55% of total exam score.Timing: 2 hours 15 mins. to complete 3 essays (40 minutes suggested for each essay)Scoring rubric for essays: 0-9 point scaleEach essay prompt has its own “personalized” rubric.8 = “Effective”; 6 = “Adequate”; 4 = “Inadequate”;2 = “Little Success”
6 Rubrics (continued) Each rubric is prefaced with the following: The score should reflect a judgment of the essay’s quality as a whole… the essay is not a finished product and should not be judged by standards that are appropriate for an out-of-class assignment. Evaluate the essay as a draft, making certain to reward students for what they do well. All essays, even those scored 8 or 9, may contain occasional flaws in analysis, prose style, or mechanics. Such features should enter into the holistic evaluation of an essay’s overall quality. In no case may an essay with many distracting errors in grammar and mechanics be scored higher than a 2.
7 Free Response (Essay 1) Synthesis Question “This question requires you to synthesize a variety of sources into a coherent, well-written essay. When you synthesize sources, you refer to them to develop your position and cite them accurately. Your argument should be central; the sources should support the argument. Avoid merely summarizing sources.”Sample prompt: Read the following sources (including the introductory information) carefully. Then, in an essay that synthesizes at least three of the sources, develop a position about what issues should be considered most important in making decisions about space exploration.
8 Free Response 1 continued It is suggested you take 15 minutes to examine the given 8 sources.Sources may include text, data charts, photographs, cartoons.
9 Free Response 2 Rhetorical analysis of a given text/passage This essay typically requires you to read a text and analyze a certain rhetorical technique used by the writer within the text.It may require you to analyze/discuss, specifically, tone, diction, syntax, purpose, thesis, etc.. ORIt may require you to, less specifically, discuss rhetorical techniques of your choice that you notice in the text.
10 Free Response 2 – Sample Prompt “The two passages below, both written by noted contemporary scientist Edward O. Wilson, appear in Wilson’s book The Future of Life (2002). In the passages, Wilson satirizes the language of two groups that hold opposing attitudes about environmentalism. Read each passage carefully. Then write an essay in which you analyze how Wilson’s satire illustrates the unproductive nature of such discussions.”
11 Free Response 3 Argument Essay Typically, this prompt requires you to respond to a given statement, possibly a given quotation, by creating a thesis statement and providing evidence to support/argue it.This essay may call upon other texts you’ve read, personal experiences, beliefs, values, current/past happenings in the world, etc…
12 Free Response 3 – Sample Prompt “Adversity has the effect of eliciting talents which in prosperous circumstances would have lain dormant.” —HoraceConsider this quotation about adversity from the Roman poet Horace. Then write an essay that defends, challenges, or qualifies Horace’s assertion about the role that adversity (financial or political hardship, danger, misfortune, etc.) plays in developing a person’s character. Support your argument with appropriate evidence from your reading, observation, or experience.