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Writing as a Process Or, “From Blank Page to Finished Product in a Few Simple Steps”

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Presentation on theme: "Writing as a Process Or, “From Blank Page to Finished Product in a Few Simple Steps”"— Presentation transcript:

1 Writing as a Process Or, “From Blank Page to Finished Product in a Few Simple Steps”

2 Staring at the blank page… Before you write down a single word, you need to PREWRITE. Before you write down a single word, you need to PREWRITE.

3 Prewriting This is done before you begin to write your masterpiece. It includes: Choosing the topic Choosing the topic Figuring out your purpose for writing Figuring out your purpose for writing Considering the audience who will read your writing Considering the audience who will read your writing Selecting a type or style (genre) of writing you’re going to do Selecting a type or style (genre) of writing you’re going to do

4 Prewriting = TPAG (topic, purpose, audience, genre)

5 Now What? Once you know the kind of writing you need to do, who will read your writing, and what you will be writing about, you are ready to actually start writing! Once you know the kind of writing you need to do, who will read your writing, and what you will be writing about, you are ready to actually start writing!

6 There are basic steps when writing

7 The 5 Basic Steps of the Writing Process: 1. B rainstorming 2. O rganizing 3. D rafting 4. R eviewing 5. P ublishing

8 1) Brainstorming Write down every idea that is related to your topic/purpose/audience/genre; don’t worry about putting things in order. You may need to do some RESEARCH to gather information and ideas You may need to do some RESEARCH to gather information and ideas You may want to use a GRAPHIC ORGANIZER You may want to use a GRAPHIC ORGANIZER

9 Brainstorming = Writing EVERYTHING

10 2) Organizing Once you’ve spent a few minutes writing down topic-related ideas, you need to choose the best ideas and put them in some kind of order. Once you’ve spent a few minutes writing down topic-related ideas, you need to choose the best ideas and put them in some kind of order. An OUTLINE can be extremely useful at this point. An OUTLINE can be extremely useful at this point.

11 Organizing = Choosing your best IDEAS

12 3) Drafting When you draft, you’re writing down ANY ideas that come to you When you draft, you’re writing down ANY ideas that come to you Use your organized brainstorm to help guide your thoughts. Use your organized brainstorm to help guide your thoughts. Write QUICKLY – Don’t stop! Keep the flow going! Don’t worry about mechanics or conventions at this point, just get the ideas down Write QUICKLY – Don’t stop! Keep the flow going! Don’t worry about mechanics or conventions at this point, just get the ideas down

13 Drafting = Writing (quickly!)

14 4) Reviewing After each draft, the writer needs to review the draft for errors. After each draft, the writer needs to review the draft for errors. There are two separate but equally important ways to review that should be done independently from each other: There are two separate but equally important ways to review that should be done independently from each other: A. Editing B. Revising

15 4A) Editing Checking the mechanics of your writing. Things to look for: Complete sentences Complete sentences Spelling Spelling Capitalization Capitalization Punctuation Punctuation

16 EDITING TRICK Edit sentence by sentence, but work BACKWARDS through your piece. This will help you notice mistakes your brain automatically fills in for you when you read forward. Edit sentence by sentence, but work BACKWARDS through your piece. This will help you notice mistakes your brain automatically fills in for you when you read forward.

17 Editing = Repairing broken rules

18 4B) Revising Looking over the ideas you’ve written. It includes checking for: Flow Order Details Clarity Enough information Too much information Too many words

19 Revising = Fixing Ideas and Flow

20 Reviewing Trick #1 Edit your work BEFORE you try to revise your work. Edit your work BEFORE you try to revise your work. If you try to revise first, you will keep getting distracted by mechanical errors (misspelled words, incorrect punctuation, etc.), and you won’t be able to concentrate on the FLOW. If you try to revise first, you will keep getting distracted by mechanical errors (misspelled words, incorrect punctuation, etc.), and you won’t be able to concentrate on the FLOW.

21 REVIEWING TRICK #2: Read your writing OUT LOUD to someone else. Humans often hear mistakes more readily than they will see mistakes. This can help with both revising your ideas and editing your errors Read your writing OUT LOUD to someone else. Humans often hear mistakes more readily than they will see mistakes. This can help with both revising your ideas and editing your errors

22 Do the Time-Warp! Once you have reviewed your draft, re- draft (re-write your piece, fixing mistakes and improving flow). Once you have reviewed your draft, re- draft (re-write your piece, fixing mistakes and improving flow). After you have re-drafted, re-review your work. After you have re-drafted, re-review your work. Do this at least twice for every piece of writing – at least 2 drafts, at least 2 reviews. Do this at least twice for every piece of writing – at least 2 drafts, at least 2 reviews.

23 5) Publishing Professional writers say they never finish a piece; they just run out of time. When you have reviewed your work at least twice, it’s time to think about turning in your work. Create a clean copy Create a clean copy Submit Submit

24 Publishing = Turning It In

25 Good luck with your writing!


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