Presentation on theme: "Section 6.5 Objectives Evaluate and multiply by powers of 10."— Presentation transcript:
1Section 6.5 Objectives Evaluate and multiply by powers of 10. Convert between standard notation and scientific notation.
2Why learn this?Powers of 10 can be used to read and write very large and very small number, such as the masses of atomic particles.
3In algebra, you use more often than to represent multiplication In algebra, you use more often than to represent multiplication. For example, Scientific Notation is the exception. Youwrite not
4The table shows relationships between several powers of 10. What do you notice about the decimal point when you divide by 10?The exponent decreases by 1 and the decimal point moves one place to the left._________________________________________________________
5The table shows relationships between several powers of 10. What do you notice about the decimal point when you multiply by 10?____________________________________________________________The exponent increases by 1 and thedecimal point moves one place to the right.
6Example 1: Evaluating Powers of 10 Find the value of each power of 10.A. 10–6B. 104C. 109Start with 1 and move the decimal point six places to the left.Start with 1 and move the decimal point four places to the right.Start with 1 and move the decimal point nine places to the right.10,0001,000,000,000
7Example 2: Writing Powers of 10 Write each number as a power of 10.A. 1,000,000BC. 1,000The decimal point is six places to the right of 1, so the exponent is 6.The decimal point is four places to the left of 1, so the exponent is –4.The decimal point is three places to the right of 1, so the exponent is 3.
8If you do not see a decimal point in a number, it is understood to be at the end of the number. Reading Math
9You can also move the decimal point to find the value of any number multiplied by a power of 10. You start with the number rather than starting with 1.Multiplying by Powers of 10
10Example 3: Multiplying by Powers of 10 Find the value of each expression.A 108B. 467 10–3C 10-2Move the decimal point 2 places to the left.Move the decimal point 8 places to the right.Move the decimal point 3 places to the left.4 6 70.1630.4672,389,000,000
11Scientific notation is a method of writing numbers that are very large or very small. A number written in scientific notation has two parts that are multiplied.The first partThe second part is a power of 10.
12The first part is a number needs to be greater than or equal to 1 and less than 10. The second part is a power of 10.
13Example 4: Converting to Scientific Notation Convert the following to scientific notation, if necessary.B. 985 106C 10-9A. 15 103Move the decimal point 1 place to the left. Add 1 to the exponent.Move the decimal point 2 places to the left. Add 2 to the exponent.Move the decimal point 3 places to the right. Minus 3 to the exponent.1 5 103+19 8 5 106+21.5 1049.85 1088 10-12
14Example 5: Astronomy Application Saturn has a diameter of about km. Its distance from the Sun is about 1,427,000,000 km.Write Saturn’s diameter in standard form.Move the decimal point 5 places to the right.120,000 km
15Example 6: Astronomy Application Saturn has a diameter of about km. Its distance from the Sun is about 1,427,000,000 km.Write Saturn’s distance from the Sun in scientific notation.Count the number of places you need to move the decimal point to get a number between 1 and 10.1,427,000,0001,4 2 7,0 0 0,0 0 09 placesUse that number as the exponent of 10.1.427 109 km