Presentation on theme: "Unit 1: Psychology’s History & Approaches"— Presentation transcript:
1Unit 1: Psychology’s History & Approaches Mr. McCormickA.P. Psychology
2Essential QuestionHow did Psychology begin, as a science, and what are the modern psychological perspectives?
3Unit 1 (A): Historical Approaches of Psychology Mr. McCormickA.P. Psychology
4Do-Now: (In Journal) Why study Psychology? Consider the following:Types of ResearchPsychological ProfessionsGoals of PsychologyWhy have you chosen to take A.P. Psychology?
5Psychology Psychology: Empiricism: The study of behavior and mental processesEmpiricism:The view that knowledge originates in experience and that science should, rely on observation and experimentation
7Psychology: Fact or Falsehood Task:Complete “Psychology: Fact or Falsehood” (Handout P-1) 10-Question True/False Quiz
8The Origins of Psychology From which areas of study do you think Psychology originated?
9The Origins of Psychology Psychology has its roots in Ancient Greek Philosophy ( B.C.E.), and continues throughout world history.Over time, several approaches to studying human thought and behavior continued to develop and change
10Historical Approaches of Psychology Structuralism:Structure of the human mindIntrospectionWilhelm Wundt ( )*Psychology officially recognized (1879)Functionalism:Function/Role of the human mindWilliam James ( )The Principles of Psychology (1890)
11Historical Approaches of Psychology How might we compare Structuralism and Functionalism to studying an automobile?
12Historical Approaches of Psychology Inheritable Traits:Influence of heredity on human thought and behaviorSir Francis Galton ( )Gestalt Psychology:Human sensation and perceptionGestalt: “whole pattern”(e.g. chair vs. seat, legs, back, etc.)Max Wertheimer ( )
13Historical Approaches of Psychology What areas of modern Psychology do you think originated from Inheritable Traits and Gestalt Psychology?
14Psychological Science Develops Throughout the 20th century, Psychology continued to expand as a study integrating the views of both Philosophy and Biochemistry:Experimental PsychologyBehaviorismPsychoanalytic TheoryHumanistic PsychologyCognitive Neuroscience
15Review What is Psychology? Why should Psychology rely on Empiricism? Briefly describe the 4 Historical Approaches to Psychology:StructuralismFunctionalismInheritable TraitsGestalt Psychology
16Homework Unit 1 FRQ Unit 1 Key People Unit 1 Quiz: “Psychology’s History & Approaches”