Presentation on theme: "Unit 1: Psychology’s History & Approaches"— Presentation transcript:
1 Unit 1: Psychology’s History & Approaches Mr. McCormickA.P. Psychology
2 Essential QuestionHow did Psychology begin, as a science, and what are the modern psychological perspectives?
3 Unit 1 (A): Historical Approaches of Psychology Mr. McCormickA.P. Psychology
4 Do-Now: (In Journal) Why study Psychology? Consider the following:Types of ResearchPsychological ProfessionsGoals of PsychologyWhy have you chosen to take A.P. Psychology?
5 Psychology Psychology: Empiricism: The study of behavior and mental processesEmpiricism:The view that knowledge originates in experience and that science should, rely on observation and experimentation
7 Psychology: Fact or Falsehood Task:Complete “Psychology: Fact or Falsehood” (Handout P-1) 10-Question True/False Quiz
8 The Origins of Psychology From which areas of study do you think Psychology originated?
9 The Origins of Psychology Psychology has its roots in Ancient Greek Philosophy ( B.C.E.), and continues throughout world history.Over time, several approaches to studying human thought and behavior continued to develop and change
10 Historical Approaches of Psychology Structuralism:Structure of the human mindIntrospectionWilhelm Wundt ( )*Psychology officially recognized (1879)Functionalism:Function/Role of the human mindWilliam James ( )The Principles of Psychology (1890)
11 Historical Approaches of Psychology How might we compare Structuralism and Functionalism to studying an automobile?
12 Historical Approaches of Psychology Inheritable Traits:Influence of heredity on human thought and behaviorSir Francis Galton ( )Gestalt Psychology:Human sensation and perceptionGestalt: “whole pattern”(e.g. chair vs. seat, legs, back, etc.)Max Wertheimer ( )
13 Historical Approaches of Psychology What areas of modern Psychology do you think originated from Inheritable Traits and Gestalt Psychology?
14 Psychological Science Develops Throughout the 20th century, Psychology continued to expand as a study integrating the views of both Philosophy and Biochemistry:Experimental PsychologyBehaviorismPsychoanalytic TheoryHumanistic PsychologyCognitive Neuroscience
15 Review What is Psychology? Why should Psychology rely on Empiricism? Briefly describe the 4 Historical Approaches to Psychology:StructuralismFunctionalismInheritable TraitsGestalt Psychology
16 Homework Unit 1 FRQ Unit 1 Key People Unit 1 Quiz: “Psychology’s History & Approaches”