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Unit 1: Psychology’s History & Approaches Mr. McCormick A.P. Psychology.

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Presentation on theme: "Unit 1: Psychology’s History & Approaches Mr. McCormick A.P. Psychology."— Presentation transcript:

1 Unit 1: Psychology’s History & Approaches Mr. McCormick A.P. Psychology

2 Essential Question How did Psychology begin, as a science, and what are the modern psychological perspectives?

3 Unit 1 (A): Historical Approaches of Psychology Mr. McCormick A.P. Psychology

4 Do-Now: (In Journal) Why study Psychology? Why study Psychology? Consider the following: Consider the following: Types of Research Types of Research Psychological Professions Psychological Professions Goals of Psychology Goals of Psychology Why have you chosen to take A.P. Psychology? Why have you chosen to take A.P. Psychology?

5 Psychology Psychology: Psychology: The study of behavior and mental processes The study of behavior and mental processes Empiricism: Empiricism: The view that knowledge originates in experience and that science should, rely on observation and experimentation The view that knowledge originates in experience and that science should, rely on observation and experimentation

6 Psychology

7 Psychology: Fact or Falsehood Task: Task: Complete “Psychology: Fact or Falsehood” (Handout P-1) 10-Question True/False Quiz Complete “Psychology: Fact or Falsehood” (Handout P-1) 10-Question True/False Quiz

8 The Origins of Psychology From which areas of study do you think Psychology originated?

9 The Origins of Psychology Psychology has its roots in Ancient Greek Philosophy ( B.C.E.), and continues throughout world history. Psychology has its roots in Ancient Greek Philosophy ( B.C.E.), and continues throughout world history. Over time, several approaches to studying human thought and behavior continued to develop and change Over time, several approaches to studying human thought and behavior continued to develop and change

10 Historical Approaches of Psychology Historical Approaches of Psychology: Historical Approaches of Psychology: Structuralism: Structuralism: Structure of the human mind Structure of the human mind Introspection Introspection Wilhelm Wundt ( ) Wilhelm Wundt ( ) *Psychology officially recognized (1879) *Psychology officially recognized (1879) Functionalism: Functionalism: Function/Role of the human mind Function/Role of the human mind William James ( ) William James ( ) The Principles of Psychology (1890) The Principles of Psychology (1890)

11 Historical Approaches of Psychology How might we compare Structuralism and Functionalism to studying an automobile?

12 Historical Approaches of Psychology Historical Approaches of Psychology: Historical Approaches of Psychology: Inheritable Traits: Inheritable Traits: Influence of heredity on human thought and behavior Influence of heredity on human thought and behavior Sir Francis Galton ( ) Sir Francis Galton ( ) Gestalt Psychology: Gestalt Psychology: Human sensation and perception Human sensation and perception Gestalt: “whole pattern”(e.g. chair vs. seat, legs, back, etc.) Gestalt: “whole pattern”(e.g. chair vs. seat, legs, back, etc.) Max Wertheimer ( ) Max Wertheimer ( )

13 Historical Approaches of Psychology What areas of modern Psychology do you think originated from Inheritable Traits and Gestalt Psychology?

14 Psychological Science Develops Throughout the 20 th century, Psychology continued to expand as a study integrating the views of both Philosophy and Biochemistry: Throughout the 20 th century, Psychology continued to expand as a study integrating the views of both Philosophy and Biochemistry: Experimental Psychology Experimental Psychology Behaviorism Behaviorism Psychoanalytic Theory Psychoanalytic Theory Humanistic Psychology Humanistic Psychology Cognitive Neuroscience Cognitive Neuroscience

15 Review What is Psychology? Why should Psychology rely on Empiricism? What is Psychology? Why should Psychology rely on Empiricism? Briefly describe the 4 Historical Approaches to Psychology: Briefly describe the 4 Historical Approaches to Psychology: Structuralism Structuralism Functionalism Functionalism Inheritable Traits Inheritable Traits Gestalt Psychology Gestalt Psychology

16 Homework Unit 1 FRQ Unit 1 FRQ Unit 1 Key People Unit 1 Key People Unit 1 Quiz: “Psychology’s History & Approaches” Unit 1 Quiz: “Psychology’s History & Approaches”


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