Presentation on theme: "Golden Age in Athens. DO NOW What comes to mind when you hear “Golden Age”?"— Presentation transcript:
Golden Age in Athens
DO NOW What comes to mind when you hear “Golden Age”?
Wealth Glory Advances in arts Advances in technology
How Athens …. Citizens still votedCitizens still voted Still gathered at acropolis and agoraStill gathered at acropolis and agora Each summer held festival to honor AthenaEach summer held festival to honor Athena Used Navy to become leader in Greek affairsUsed Navy to become leader in Greek affairs gained wealth through tradegained wealth through trade Acropolis had new buildings to show increased wealth and powerAcropolis had new buildings to show increased wealth and power Built a marble temple to Athena called Parthenon-ruins still there todayBuilt a marble temple to Athena called Parthenon-ruins still there today By 460 B.C. Athens is the leading city-state in GreeceBy 460 B.C. Athens is the leading city-state in Greece
Government Athens was a democracy An assembly of citizens voted on issues that concerned the city citizens- some men; no women or slaves Assembly- lawmaking body of government Athens one of the first do have this
Key People PERICLES- SOCRATES- PLATO- PHILIP II-
Pericles leader of Athens around 450 B.C. made sure all citizens could take part in government Any citizen could be in assembly or serve on a jury- arranged for them to be paid This allowed even poor people to take part in government
SOCRATES Teacher of philosophy in the middle 400’s B.C.Teacher of philosophy in the middle 400’s B.C. Angered some by questioning laws, customs, and religionAngered some by questioning laws, customs, and religion Brought to trial in 399 B.C. for “urging Athens’ young people to revolt”Brought to trial in 399 B.C. for “urging Athens’ young people to revolt” Sentenced to deathSentenced to death
PLATO Greek philosopher and student of Socrates
PHILIP II- King of Macedonia Father of Alexander the Great Conquered Greece in 338 B.C Developed idea of phalanxes- small fighting unitsDeveloped idea of phalanxes- small fighting units His armies used 18 ft spears and depended on soldiers on horseback more than on foot soldiers in combatHis armies used 18 ft spears and depended on soldiers on horseback more than on foot soldiers in combat
Effects of the Golden Age Creation of the Peloponnesian League- (Sparta and its’ allies)
Effects of the Golden Age Sparta- Jealous and fearful of the power of Athens Sparta and allies attack Athens in 431 B.C., Start of The Peloponnesian War
The Peloponnesian War
Major Events Pericles orders Athenians inside the city walls- acropolis Spartans destroy farmland to try to starve out Athenians, but Navy keeps bringing grain to city Nobody can gain an advantage--- leads to great loss of life on both sides
The War Ends Athens wins sea battles and Sparta wins land battles Plague breaks out in Athens-1/3 of population dies, including Pericles= no strong leader for Athens New leaders make mistakes-attack island of Sicily= big loss of life and weakening of Navy Spartans cut off food supply from Black Sea farmers and Athens faced starvation Allies left them and defeat was near--- surrendered in 404 B.C.
End of Golden Age Other Greek city-states jealous and fearful of Athen’s power After 27 years of fighting… Athens surrenders to Sparta
Greece gets taken over by Macedonia! Constant warfare among the Greek city- states left them open to attack! Philip II organized a powerful army and made some changes in battle tactics! -Gave soldiers 18 ft. spears -Organized army into phalanxes, or small units -Used cavalry- soldiers on horseback The Greek Times THE WORLD’S FAVORITE NEWSPAPER -338 B.C.
Democracy citizens vote First developed in Athens Developed because poorer Athenian citizens began to demand a voice in their government. In first democracy every citizen was allowed to vote Held large meetings to discuss and vote on important issues Pay given to those participating in the government Had assembly and juries Citizens= men who were at least 18 years old Not citizens= women, men under 18, and slaves
FAIR Included rich and poor People could speak their minds All citizens could participate Peacefully settled disputes Age restrictions Paid for service
UNFAIR Only some men could vote No women’s rights Limited citizenship Slavery Money and power still had advantages