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Golden Age in Athens.

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Presentation on theme: "Golden Age in Athens."— Presentation transcript:

1 Golden Age in Athens

2 What comes to mind when you hear “Golden Age”?
DO NOW What comes to mind when you hear “Golden Age”?

3 The Golden Age in Athens
Wealth Glory Advances in arts Advances in technology

4 How Athens …. Stayed the same Changed
Used Navy to become leader in Greek affairs gained wealth through trade Acropolis had new buildings to show increased wealth and power Built a marble temple to Athena called Parthenon-ruins still there today By 460 B.C. Athens is the leading city-state in Greece Citizens still voted Still gathered at acropolis and agora Each summer held festival to honor Athena

5 Parthenon-ruins

6 Government Athens was a democracy
An assembly of citizens voted on issues that concerned the city citizens- some men; no women or slaves Assembly- lawmaking body of government Athens one of the first do have this


8 Pericles leader of Athens around 450 B.C.
made sure all citizens could take part in government Any citizen could be in assembly or serve on a jury- arranged for them to be paid This allowed even poor people to take part in government

9 SOCRATES Teacher of philosophy in the middle 400’s B.C.
Angered some by questioning laws, customs, and religion Brought to trial in 399 B.C. for “urging Athens’ young people to revolt” Sentenced to death

10 PLATO Greek philosopher and student of Socrates

11 PHILIP II- King of Macedonia Father of Alexander the Great
Conquered Greece in 338 B.C Developed idea of phalanxes- small fighting units His armies used 18 ft spears and depended on soldiers on horseback more than on foot soldiers in combat

12 phalanxes

13 Effects of the Golden Age
Creation of the Peloponnesian League- (Sparta and its’ allies)

14 Effects of the Golden Age
Sparta- Jealous and fearful of the power of Athens Sparta and allies attack Athens in 431 B.C., Start of The Peloponnesian War

15 The Peloponnesian War Sparta Vs. Athens

16 Major Events Pericles orders Athenians inside the city walls- acropolis Spartans destroy farmland to try to starve out Athenians, but Navy keeps bringing grain to city Nobody can gain an advantage--- leads to great loss of life on both sides

17 The War Ends Athens wins sea battles and Sparta wins land battles
Plague breaks out in Athens-1/3 of population dies, including Pericles= no strong leader for Athens New leaders make mistakes-attack island of Sicily= big loss of life and weakening of Navy Spartans cut off food supply from Black Sea farmers and Athens faced starvation Allies left them and defeat was near--- surrendered in 404 B.C.

18 End of Golden Age Other Greek city-states jealous and fearful of Athen’s power After 27 years of fighting… Athens surrenders to Sparta

19 The Greek Times Greece gets taken over by Macedonia!
THE WORLD’S FAVORITE NEWSPAPER -338 B.C. Greece gets taken over by Macedonia! Constant warfare among the Greek city-states left them open to attack! Philip II organized a powerful army and made some changes in battle tactics! -Gave soldiers 18 ft. spears -Organized army into phalanxes, or small units -Used cavalry- soldiers on horseback

20 Democracy citizens vote First developed in Athens
Developed because poorer Athenian citizens began to demand a voice in their government. In first democracy every citizen was allowed to vote Held large meetings to discuss and vote on important issues Pay given to those participating in the government Had assembly and juries Citizens= men who were at least 18 years old Not citizens= women, men under 18, and slaves

21 Was Greek Democracy Fair?

22 FAIR Included rich and poor People could speak their minds
All citizens could participate Peacefully settled disputes Age restrictions Paid for service

23 UNFAIR Only some men could vote No women’s rights Limited citizenship
Slavery Money and power still had advantages

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