2What comes to mind when you hear “Golden Age”? DO NOWWhat comes to mind when you hear “Golden Age”?
3The Golden Age in Athens WealthGloryAdvances in artsAdvances in technology
4How Athens …. Stayed the same Changed Used Navy to become leader in Greek affairsgained wealth through tradeAcropolis had new buildings to show increased wealth and powerBuilt a marble temple to Athena called Parthenon-ruins still there todayBy 460 B.C. Athens is the leading city-state in GreeceCitizens still votedStill gathered at acropolis and agoraEach summer held festival to honor Athena
6Government Athens was a democracy An assembly of citizens voted on issues that concerned the citycitizens- some men; no women or slavesAssembly- lawmaking body of governmentAthens one of the first do have this
8Pericles leader of Athens around 450 B.C. made sure all citizens could take part in governmentAny citizen could be in assembly or serve on a jury- arranged for them to be paidThis allowed evenpoor people to takepart in government
9SOCRATES Teacher of philosophy in the middle 400’s B.C. Angered some by questioning laws, customs, and religionBrought to trial in 399 B.C. for “urging Athens’ young people to revolt”Sentenced to death
11PHILIP II- King of Macedonia Father of Alexander the Great Conquered Greece in 338 B.CDeveloped idea of phalanxes- small fighting unitsHis armies used 18 ft spears and depended on soldiers on horseback more than on foot soldiers in combat
16Major EventsPericles orders Athenians inside the city walls- acropolisSpartans destroy farmland to try to starve out Athenians, but Navy keeps bringing grain to cityNobody can gain an advantage--- leads to great loss of life on both sides
17The War Ends Athens wins sea battles and Sparta wins land battles Plague breaks out in Athens-1/3 of population dies, including Pericles= no strong leader for AthensNew leaders make mistakes-attack island of Sicily= big loss of life and weakening of NavySpartans cut off food supply from Black Sea farmers and Athens faced starvationAllies left them and defeat was near--- surrendered in 404 B.C.
18End of Golden AgeOther Greek city-states jealous and fearful of Athen’s powerAfter 27 years of fighting…Athens surrenders to Sparta
19The Greek Times Greece gets taken over by Macedonia! THE WORLD’S FAVORITE NEWSPAPER-338 B.C.Greece gets taken over by Macedonia!Constant warfare among the Greek city-states left them open to attack!Philip II organized a powerful army and made some changes in battle tactics!-Gave soldiers 18 ft. spears-Organized army into phalanxes, or small units-Used cavalry- soldiers on horseback
20Democracy citizens vote First developed in Athens Developed because poorer Athenian citizens began to demand a voice in their government.In first democracy every citizen was allowed to voteHeld large meetings to discuss and vote on important issuesPay given to those participating in the governmentHad assembly and juriesCitizens= men who were at least 18 years oldNot citizens= women, men under 18, and slaves