2 The Great Awakening Peaked between 1730s and 1740s The Awakening was started in Northampton, Massachusetts, by __________________________. Faith in God, not through doing good works salvationHe had an alive-style of preaching emotion*“Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God”_____________________________ gave America a different kind of enthusiastic type of preaching. ___________________, orthodox clergymen, were skeptical of the new ways of preaching___________________, defended the Awakening for its role in revitalizing American religionEmphasis on direct, emotive spiritualityUndermined older clergyMany new denominations grew and greatly increased the numbers and the competitiveness of American churches
3 The “Great Itinerant” Appealed to emotion Traveled through all coloniesFirst “nationally” known figure in colonies
7 Puritan Sermons Parts of a Sermon Laying open the text Doctrine Grammatical meaningLogical meaningFigurative meaningDoctrinePartition and division of the topicCollects profitable points of ScriptureReasonsDemonstration of the truth of the doctrineLeads to rational convictionD. ApplicationEpilogueMagnifies argumentsLeaves listener well-disposed, refreshed, and stimulated to further action
8 Dominant Denominations About of colonists were members of a churchTwo established, or tax-supported, churches by 1775:(South) and (New England)Anglican (C.O.E.) was official in GA, NC, SC, VA, MD, and a part of NY.Anglican church was less frightening and more lenient on amusementThe College of William and Mary was founded in 1693 to train a better class of clerics for the Anglican ChurchChurch had grown out of the Puritan ChurchFormally established in all the New England colonies except independent minded RIReligious tolerationIn general, people could worship or not worship as they pleased
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