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A New Government is Formed The Constitutional Convention of 1787.

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Presentation on theme: "A New Government is Formed The Constitutional Convention of 1787."— Presentation transcript:

1 A New Government is Formed The Constitutional Convention of 1787

2 The Constitutional Convention 1787 The best and brightest Americans get together Independence Hall, Philadelphia They meet in secret sessions

3 A Change of Plans The Articles need a total overhaul There are too many problems to solve

4 Congress had no power to raise taxes Congress had no power regulate foreign or state trade Laws had to be approved by 9 out of 13 Congress did not have the power to enforce laws Weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation

5 Competing Plans Delegates agree to disagree Large states vs. Small states Va. vs. NJ Tempers flair Ben Franklin calms everyone down

6 The Virginia Plan Big states must rule! Representation should be based on population Three branches of government

7 The New Jersey Plan Small states rule! Much like the old government under the Articles Each state had an equal vote

8 The Great Compromise: A Separation of Powers Three Branches of Government Congress regulates trade The central government will print money

9 What About Slavery? 3/5 Compromise Runaway slaves

10 The Northwest Ordinance The nation will now form new states in the new territory When 60,000 people move into a territory it can apply for statehood No slavery allowed

11 Accept or Reject? The new constitution had to be ratified Federalists vs. Anti- Federalists The Federalist Papers George Washington agrees to become our first president

12 It Passes! Delaware leads the way in 1787 Rhode Island approves in 1790

13 Our First President George Washington is elected unanimously John Adams becomes Vice President

14 The Bill of Rights First 10 amendments to the Constitution They clearly spell out our personal freedoms as Americans


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