4 Histories of Democracy Historical PeriodsPre-DemocracyEarly DemocracySegregated DemocracyCivil Rights EraTodayMaterials UsedPrimary Source DocsSecondary SourcesJoe’s Lectures and Power PointsStudents’ Research, Lectures, and Power Points
5 I. Pre-Democracy: Conquest & Colonization Bull Romanus Pontifex1453Bull Inter Caetera1493Requerimiento1513
6 I. Pre-Democracy: African Slavery *Excerpt from a speech by John C. Calhoun in 1837 *Excerpt from a book by George Fitzhugh in 1854 *The essay “African Slavery in America” by Thomas Paine in 1775 *Benjamin Bannaker’s Letter to Thomas Jefferson in 1790
7 I. Pre-Democracy: California Missions Video:Saints and Sinners in the California Missions( )
8 II. Early Democracy Declaration of Independence US Constitution Amendments Bill of RightsAmendments 11-27
10 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo U.S.-Mexican WarTreaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo“In the said territories, property of every kind, now belonging to Mexicans, shall be inviolably respected. The present owners, the heirs of these, and all Mexicans who may hereafter acquire said property by contract, shall enjoy with respect to it guarantees equally ample as if the same belonged to citizens of the United States.”
11 voting and citizenship constitutional convention II. Early DemocracyCA ConstitutionDebates onvoting and citizenshipat theconstitutional conventionEarly CA LawsVotingMarriageLand ownershipTaxesTestimony at trialEducationServing in militia
12 II. Early Democracy: The Oppressed Speak Out Native Americans Chief Joseph (1879)African Americans Colored Citizens of CA (1865)Chinese Americans Norman Asing (1852)Mexican Americans Antonio Maria Pico and Others (1859)Female Americans Woman Suffrage Committee (1871)
13 III. Segregated Democracy U. S III. Segregated Democracy U.S. Supreme Court Established Limited EqualityThe US Constitution does not prevent individuals or private businesses or organizations from engaging in racial discrimination…it only prevents governments from doing so.Governments are allowed to require separate facilities and services based on race… as long as those separate facilities are equal.
14 III. Segregated Democracy 1860s-1960s 100 Years of Formally Approved Second-Class Citizenship➤ Communities of Color➤ Females➤ Immigrants➤ Persons with Disabilities➤ Non-ChristiansJim Crow Era
17 The Political Action Project An exercise in “experiential education” or learning-by-doingForm TeamSelect General Issue AreaConduct ResearchEstablish Political ObjectiveCarryout Political ActionPrepare Power Point SlidesPlan Class PresentationDeliver Class PresentationWrite Final Project Report
26 Political Action Skill Set ✪ Group Work✪ Political Action✪ Research✪ Evaluation✪ Strategic Planning✪ Reporting✪ Multimedia Presentation
27 Assessment & Grading Final Grade 2.85 = B Active Engagement 12 Homework BriefsPre-DemocracyEarly DemocracyCR PresentationPP PresentationPP Final Report20%15%10%BCAB-B+C+3.002.004.002.673.318.104.22.168.22.214.171.124FinalGrade2.85= B
28 HCOM 266: Histories of Democracy The End ! I hope you are better prepared to understand democracy and to contribute to it if you decide to do so.Thank You !