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Virtualization With Windows Server 2008 R2 & Terminal Server 2008 R2 Overview אייל רגב מנהל תחום מיקרוסופט חברת אומניטק עמית ברקו מנהל תחום פרייסל חברת.

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Presentation on theme: "Virtualization With Windows Server 2008 R2 & Terminal Server 2008 R2 Overview אייל רגב מנהל תחום מיקרוסופט חברת אומניטק עמית ברקו מנהל תחום פרייסל חברת."— Presentation transcript:

1 Virtualization With Windows Server 2008 R2 & Terminal Server 2008 R2 Overview אייל רגב מנהל תחום מיקרוסופט חברת אומניטק עמית ברקו מנהל תחום פרייסל חברת אומניטק

2 Agenda Microsoft Server Virtualization – Windows Server 2008 R2 Hyper-V Microsoft Hyper-V Server Windows Server 2008 R2 – Hyper-V – Cluster Shared Volumes – Live Demo Terminal Server – RDS – Remote App – RDS Broker – Live Demo Virtual Desktop Infrastructure – VDI – Windows 7 Better Together – Live Demo Q & A

3 Windows Server 2008 R2 Hyper-V Description – Hypervisor based virtualization platform – Windows Server 2008 R2 x64 Edition technology Standard, Enterprise and Datacenter Editions Hardware Requirements – x64 server with hardware assisted virtualization AMD AMD-V or Intel VT – Hardware enabled Data Execution Prevention (DEP) required AMD (NX no execute bit) Intel (XD execute disable) – Note: Enabling these BIOS features requires powering down (not rebooting) the server to take effect

4 Hyper-V Architecture Hardware Platform (CPU, AMD-V or Intel – VT) Hardware Platform (CPU, AMD-V or Intel – VT) Hypervisor Parent partition (Windows with Hyper-V Role enabled) VM Worker processes VMBUS Device Driver Child partition (Windows or Linux) Guest OS Kernel Kernel User space ….. Child partition (Windows or Linux) VSP VSC Storage,networking VSP - Virtualisation Services Provider VSC - Virtualisation Services Consumers

5 Windows Server 2008 R2 Hyper-V Capabilities – 32-bit (x86) & 64-bit (x64) VMs – Large memory support (64 GB) per VM – SMP VMs (up to 4 cores) – Integrated cluster support for HA & Live Migration – BitLocker: Seamless, secure data encryption – Live Backup: Volume Shadow Service integration – Pass-through disk access for VMs – Virtual Machine snapshots – New hardware sharing architecture (VSP/VSC/VMBus) Disk, networking, input, video – Robust networking: VLANs and NLB – Based on DMTF for WMI management interface – Support for Full or Server Core installations

6 Hyper-V: Production Scalability Hyper-V Powering Microsoft Internet Properties TechNet: 100% Hyper-V ~1 million hits a DAY Microsoft.com: >50% Hyper-V and growing ~1 Billion hits a month MSDN: 100% Hyper-V ~3 million hits a DAY

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8 Microsoft Hyper-V Server Microsoft Hyper-V Server is available as a free download: Memory support: Up to 1TB of physical memory per system Support for servers with up to 8 physical processors CPUs (sockets) Guest SMP support Up to 4 virtual processors Flexible disk format – Fixed/Dynamically Expanding, Differencing, Pass-through Management Interfaces – WMI for virtualization platform management Heterogeneous guest support – Native 32/64 bit guest support side by side – Linux and Windows supported with ICs Virtual Switch, VLAN, PXE support Hvconfig utility for quick/easy setup

9 Windows Server 2008 R2 Hyper-V Building on the rock-solid architecture of Windows Server 2008 R2 Hyper-V Integration with new technologies Enabling new dynamic scenarios: – Increased Server Consolidation – Dynamic Data Center – Virtualized Centralized Desktop

10 Windows Server 2008 R2 Hyper-V – Features All new features in Windows Server 2008 R2 Hyper-V – Live migration – New processor feature support – Hot add and remove of VHD – Networking Chimney and VMQ – Support for Virtual Desktop Infrastructure (VDI) Terminal Server Broker

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12 Live Migration Moving a virtual machine from one server to another without dropped network connection or user perceived downtime Failover Clustering is the foundation that enhances Hyper-V – High Availability – Quick Migration – Live Migration

13 Live Migration process Initiated via in-box cluster UI or System Center Virtual Machine Manager VM State/Memory Transfer – Create VM on the target – Move memory pages from the source to the target via Ethernet Final state transfer and virtual machine restore – Pause virtual machine – Move storage connectivity from source host to target host via Ethernet Un-pause & Run

14 Live Migration Operation ConfigurationConfigurationConfigurationConfigurationStateStateStateState

15 Clustering & Storage Pre windows Server R2 Pre R2: Windows Server 2008 Hyper-V – Current Failover Clustering has a “shared nothing” storage model – Each Disk is owned by a single node at any one time, and only that node can perform I/O to it Management Overhead one VM per LUN 100 VMs = 100 LUNs Drive letter limitations Solutions: – Use drive GUIDs – Use partner solutions Shared Storage Only one node accesses a LUN at a time

16 Clustering & Storage now Windows Server 2008 R2 Failover Clustering – NEW Cluster Shared Volume (CSV) CSV provides a single consistent file name space; All Windows Server 2008 R2 servers see the same storage – Easy setup; Uses NTFS – Create one big data store – No more drive letter problems – Existing tools just work – Improves Hyper-V Live Migration times – Simplifies SAN/VM management – Improved Fault Tolerance Single Volume VHD Concurrent access to a single file system Single LUN for all hosts and performance enhancement for storage switchover

17 Cluster Shared Volumes All servers “see” the same storage

18 demo

19 Summary Large scale production environments running Hyper-V – Scalable and high performance architecture Driving demand for higher end servers for Virtualization CSV provides consolidation of storage with fewer LUNs – Simplifies Storage and Server Management – Removes barriers to Live Migration times

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22 New Processor Feature Support

23 Windows Server 2008 R2 Core Parking

24 Windows Server 2008 R2 Core Parking 16 LP Server

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26 Hot Add/Remove Storage Overview – Add and remove VHD and pass-through disks to a running VM without requiring a reboot. Hot-add/remove disk applies to VHDs and pass-through disks attached to the virtual SCSI controller Benefits – Enables storage growth in VMs without downtime – Enables additional datacenter backup scenarios – Enables new SQL/Exchange scenarios

27 demo

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29 Networking Extending TCP Offload support for Virtual machines – TCP/IP traffic in a VM can be offloaded to a physical NIC on the host computer. Benefits – Reduce CPU burden – Networking offload to improve performance Live Migration is supported with TCP Offload

30 Networking Jumbo Frame Support – Ethernet frames >1,500 bytes Overview – Enables 6x larger payload per packet Benefits – Improves throughput – Reduce CPU utilization of large file transfers

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32 Introducing Remote Desktop Services (RDS)! WS03WS 2008WS 2008 R2 Terminal Services Remote Desktop Services Terminal Server RD Session Host TS Session DirectoryTS Session BrokerRD Connection Broker TS Licensing Server RD Licensing Server TS GatewayRD Gateway TS Web AccessRD Web Access RD Virtualization Host

33 RDS Deployment Options RD Session Host (aka TS) Low cost image management Easiest admin management Least resources required Good compatibility for legacy apps Pooled Virtual Desktop Medium cost image management Easier admin management than Personal Less Resources than personal Better compatibility for legacy apps Personal Virtual Desktop High cost image management Administrator access (user can install programs) High Resource cost Compatibility for legacy apps Customers will mix & match options Microsoft Confidential

34 34 RDS Role Services (Components)ClientClient XP / Vista: IE Win7: RemoteApp & Desktop Connections RD Web Access (feed & web access) RD Web Access (feed & web access) RD Client HTTPS RDP over RCP / HTTPS RD Connection. Broker RD Session Host Remote Desktop RemoteAppRemoteApp Retrieve List of Desktops Retrieve List of Remote apps / sessions RD Virt. Host Hyper-VHyper-V VHDVHDVHDVHDVHDVHD VHDVHDVHDVHDVHDVHD RDVH Agent RD Gateway

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37 So what is VDI? VMs on Hyper-V running desktop OS – users access via RDS – Windows Server 2008 R2 RDS has specific enhancements to facilitate VDI Why? – Basically another way to deliver RDS – Multiple OS instances (1 per user) instead of one shared instance per server – Solves issues that may exist with traditional shared server solutions

38 38 Connection Broker Infrastructure

39 39 Golden Image User 1 User n Day 2 Day n Day 2 Day n Day 1Day 2Day n Clone Personal Virtual Desktop: Golden Image 1 n User 1 PoolDay 1Day 2Day 3 Clone User 1 Pooled Virtual Desktop : Pooled vs. Personal Virtual Desktops User Profiles AppVAppV etc

40 RDS and VDI – An Integrated Solution Single broker to connect users to sessions or virtual machines, out of the box solution for VDI scenarios with Hyper-V Unified user connection experience RDS and VDI – An Integrated Solution Single broker to connect users to sessions or virtual machines, out of the box solution for VDI scenarios with Hyper-V Unified user connection experience Centralized Management of RemoteApp and Desktop Connections Centrally managed list of applications and desktops (RDS & VDI) Automatically published, refreshed & integrated with Windows 7 Centralized Management of RemoteApp and Desktop Connections Centrally managed list of applications and desktops (RDS & VDI) Automatically published, refreshed & integrated with Windows 7 VDI Summary Personal and Pooled Virtual Desktops Permanent VM per user assignment through Active Directory Temporary VM per user assignment on RD Connection Broker Personal and Pooled Virtual Desktops Permanent VM per user assignment through Active Directory Temporary VM per user assignment on RD Connection Broker Connection Broker Extensibility Orchestration plug-ins – e.g. VM preparation, VM placement Policy plug-ins – e.g. load balancing, security etc Connection Broker Extensibility Orchestration plug-ins – e.g. VM preparation, VM placement Policy plug-ins – e.g. load balancing, security etc

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42 Online Resources Microsoft Virtualization Home: Windows Server Virtualization Blog Site: Windows Server Virtualization TechNet Site: Virtualization Solution Accelerators How to install the Hyper-V role Windows Server 2008 Hyper-V Performance Tuning Guide R2.mspxhttp://www.microsoft.com/whdc/system/sysperf/Perf_tun_srv- R2.mspx Using Hyper-V & BitLocker White Paper – Windows Server 2008R2 Failover Clustering


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