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Christian Moser User Experience Architect Zühlke Engineering AG www.wpftutorial.net Expression Blend 4 – deep dive.

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Presentation on theme: "Christian Moser User Experience Architect Zühlke Engineering AG www.wpftutorial.net Expression Blend 4 – deep dive."— Presentation transcript:

1 Christian Moser User Experience Architect Zühlke Engineering AG Expression Blend 4 – deep dive

2 Microsoft’s vision for XAML (2006) “…using Blend, a designer can access the full expressivity of XAML – layout, graphics, controls, templating and styling, animations, data binding, and basic 3D.” “…A byproduct of XAML's expressivity and comprehensiveness is true separation of user interface and business logic. “ “…XAML rocks because designers can work in tandem with developers…” 

3 A new way of collaboration

4 Interactive Designer (2006)

5 Expression Blend (2008)

6 Expression Studio

7 The ideal collaboration  Connector to backend & business logic  Provides data and commands to UI  Creates a basic user interface  Improves the interaction by arranging and replacing controls  Creates (or imports) the visual style DeveloperDesigner

8 Real world collaboration problems The features of Blend (XAML) are too limited. Code is required to build the desired interaction. The classical way of UI programming (using code behind) is not flexible enough. The designer knows too less about Silverlight or WPF or software architecture. What is a control template, dependency property or trigger? Where to place resources?

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10 The developer’s part for a working collaboration: Separation of Logic and Presentation

11 How to separate logic and view The model must not know about the view Using DataBinding is the best way to synchronize data between the view and the model Binding to the DataContext is very convenient, since it’s the default source. The DataContext is inherited from parent to child There is only one DataContext To access multiple objects you need to aggregate them to one «facade».

12 Model-View-ViewModel II

13 Advantages of the MVVM pattern The ViewModel defines a clear data contract for the view Through Properties, Lists and Commands Designers can use the contract to create sample data or binding hints Controls can easily be replaced without touching code Developers can test against the ViewModel without creating the view (using UnitTests).

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15 Designtime vs. Runtime Experience

16 Typical design time issues At runtime At designtime  Wrong size  No data

17 UserControls are not embedded in a parent view Width and Height are not set The root-element constructor is not called Root Element is replaced by the designer ViewModel is not created Controls behave different No mouse and keyboard events Design time extensions loaded At design time

18 Design time attributes xmlns:d ="http://schemas.microsoft.com/expression/blend/2008" xmlns:mc="http://schemas.openxmlformats.org/markup- compatibility/2006" mc:Ignorable="d" AttributeFunction d:DesignHeight Overrides the height at design time d:DesignWidth Overrides the width at design time d:DataContext Overrides the data context at design time d:DesignData Creates sample data from a XAML file d:DesignInstance Creates an instance of a type

19 Design width and height Tipp: Blend and Visual Studio provide special handles to set design time size

20 Generic Sample Data

21 Sample Data from Type d:DesignData creates a proxy of the specified type and sets the values This brings the following advantages Types without public or default constructor can be created from XAML Readonly properties can be set The designer knows about the interface to support data binding.

22 Sample Data from Type ProductSampleData.xaml:

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24 More Interactivity with less code

25 XAML limitations Today designers would need to write code to do basic scenarios like: validation drag&drop starting a storyboard Expression Blend features are limited by the expressiveness of XAML A developer needs to support the designer to build these interactions

26 Selfmade: Attached Helpers

27 Disatvantages of this solution No designer support in Expression Blend You need to start from scratch Register a DependencyProperty to hook up the helper Wiring up to events Handle conditions Detaching and disposing

28 Actions and Behaviors System.Windows.Interactivity.dll

29 Hunderts of Behaviors out there InvokeCommandAction CallMethodAction GoToStateAction PlaySoundAction PlayMediaAction RevindMediaAction TogglePlayPauseMediaAction HyperlinkAction SetDataStoreValueAction ChangePropertyAction RemoveElementAction CallDataMethod InvokeDataCommand FluidBindPropertyBehavior DataStateBehavior ClippingBehavior GoToNextStateBehavior ShowMessageBoxBehavior MouseDragElementBehavior FluidMoveBehavior FluidMoveSetTagBehavior TextBoxEditMaskBehavior ListBoxAddOne ListBoxRemoveOne

30 Actions in Action Actions can be attached to any element

31 How to use Behaviors Behaviors can be attached to any element

32 public class MyBehavior : Behavior { protected override void OnAttached() { base.OnAttached(); AssociatedObject.MouseEnter += OnMouseEnter; } protected override void OnDetaching() { base.OnDetaching(); AssociatedObject.MouseEnter -= OnMouseEnter; } private static void OnMouseEnter(object sender, MouseEventArgs e) { MessageBox.Show("It works!"); } Create your own behavior

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34 States and Transitions

35 States of controls Button (State Machine)

36 States using Triggers in WPF

37 Visual State Manager

38 All Silverlight and WPF4 controls support states [TemplateVisualState(Name = "ContentFocused", GroupName = "FocusStates")] [TemplateVisualState(Name = "MouseOver", GroupName = "CommonStates")] [TemplateVisualState(Name = "Focused", GroupName = "FocusStates")] [TemplateVisualState(Name = "Checked", GroupName = "CheckStates")] [TemplateVisualState(Name = "Unchecked", GroupName = "CheckStates")] [TemplateVisualState(Name = "Indeterminate", GroupName = "CheckStates")] [TemplateVisualState(Name = "Pressed", GroupName = "CommonStates")] [TemplateVisualState(Name = "Disabled", GroupName = "CommonStates")] [TemplateVisualState(Name = "Unfocused", GroupName = "FocusStates")] [TemplateVisualState(Name = "Normal", GroupName = "CommonStates")] public class CheckBox : ToggleButton {.... }

40 Reasons for Visual State Manager VSM can be attached to any control without code All Silverlight and WPF 4.0 controls support VSM. State transitions are created automatically Supports TransitionEffects and Easing Good support in Expression Blend Additional States can be added States can be switched from externally

41 Creating custom easing functions class CoolEasingFunction : EasingFunctionBase { protected override double EaseInCore(double normalizedTime) { return Math.Abs(Math.Sin(normalizedTime * Math.PI * 2)) * normalizedTime; } protected override Freezable CreateInstanceCore() { return new CoolEasingFunction(); }

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43 Summary The way of programming WPF and Silverlight has become more declarative This makes design tools more powerful Designers can do more without the need of writing code Complexity is hidden within smart reusable extensions like VSM or Behaviors The collaboration between designers and developers can be improved.

44 Want more information? Meet me at the «Ask the Expert» lounge Contact Information: Christian Moser Zühlke Engineering AG Wiesenstrasse 10a 8952 Schlieren Mail: Blog: Twitter:

45 The new Iteration Design-Time Attributes: PathListBoxUtils Resources

46 © 2011 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries. The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.


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