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Tech·Ed North America /6/ :33 AM

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1 Tech·Ed North America 2009 4/6/2017 11:33 AM
© 2009 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries. The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.

2 4/6/ :33 AM Storage & Hyper-V: The Choices you can make and the things you need to know Jeff Woolsey Principal Group Program Manager Windows Server, Hyper-V WSV312 © 2007 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries. The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.

3 Session Objectives And Takeaways
4/6/2017 Session Objectives And Takeaways Understand the storage options with Hyper-V as well as use cases for DAS and SAN Learn what’s new in Server 2008 R2 for storage and Hyper-V Understand different high availability options of Hyper-V with SANs Learn performance improvements with VHDs, Passthrough & iSCSI Direct scenarios This slide is required. Do NOT delete. This should be the first slide after your Title Slide. If you have questions, please contact your Track PM for guidance. We have also posted guidance on writing good objectives, out on the Speaker Portal (https://www.mytechready.com). This slide should introduce the session by identifying how this information helps the attendee, partners and customers be more successful. Why is this content important? This slide should call out what’s important about the session (sort of the why should we care, why is this important and how will it help our customers/partners be successful) as well as the key takeaways/objectives associated with the session. Call out what attendees will be able to execute on using the information gained in this session. What will they be able to walk away from this session and execute on with their customers. Good Objectives should be SMART (specific, measurable, achievable, realistic, time-bound). Focus on the key takeaways and why this information is important to the attendee, our partners and our customers. Each session has objectives defined and published on please work with your Track PM to call these out here in the slide deck. If you have questions, please contact your Track PM listed below: Architecture (ARC) – Peg McNicol, Miha Kralj, Julie Anderson Business Intelligence (BI) – Craig Huxta Business Solutions (MSDY) – Sherri Bellefeuille, Scarlet Leung Database (DB) – Tamer Farag, Kevin Ashby Development Tools & Technologies (DEV) – Bijan Javidi Integrated Product Solutions (SOLN) – KariLynne Gratzer, Luz Jaramillo Management, Operations & Deployment (MOD) – Martin Dey, Stefanie Toth Mobile Communications Business (MCB) – Karen Redetzki, Connie Turman, Loke Uei Tan Office System (OFC) – Katy Olmstead, Gideon Bibliowicz, Lita Spratt Optimization (OPT) – Jerry Lee, Michael McGuire, Yoav Land  Security, Identity & Privacy (SIP) – Michelle Moore, Brjann Brekkan, Ramnik Gulati SOA and Business Process (SBP) – Tony Meleg, Himanshu Singh Unified Communications (UC) – Michael Liu, David Alexander, Mich Earl Virtualization (VIR) – Michael Cooper Windows Client (CLI) – Ali Parker Windows Server (SVR) – Justin Graham, Jamie Zink   Cross-Track Areas and Contacts Application Platform – Ignacio Davila Competition – Frank Bruno Microsoft Online Services (MOS) – Paul Englis, Hollie Chriss Storage Solutions – Jason Buffington © 2008 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries. The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.

4 Storage Performance/Sizing
Important to scale performance to the total workload requirements of each VM Spindles are still key Don’t migrate 20 physical servers with 40 spindles each to a Hyper-V host with 10 spindles Don’t use left over servers as a production SAN

5 Windows Storage Stack Bus – Scan up to 8 buses (Storport)
Target – Up to 255 targets LUNs – Up to 255 Support for up to 256TB volumes >2T supported since Server 2003 SP1 Common Q: What is supported maximum transfer size? Dependent on adapter/miniport (i.e. Qlogic/Emulex)

6 Hyper-V Storage Parameters
VHD max size 2040GB Physical disk size not limited by Hyper-V Up to 4 IDE devices Up to 4 SCSI controllers with 64 devices Optical devices only on IDE

7 Storage Connectivity From parent partition
Direct Attached (SAS/SATA) Fiber Channel iSCSI Network attached storage not supported Except for ISOs Hot add and remove Virtual Disks to SCSI controller only

8 ISOs on network Shares Machine account access to share
Constrained delegation

9 SCSI Support in VMs Supported In Not Supported In
Windows XP Professional x64 Windows Server 2003 Windows Server 2008 & 2008 R2 Windows Vista & Windows 7 SuSE Linux Not Supported In Windows XP Professional x86 All other operating systems Requires integration services installed

10 Antivirus and Hyper-V Exclude
VHDs & AVHDs (or directories) VM configuration directory VMMS.exe and VMWP.exe May not be required on core with no other roles Run Antivirus in virtual machines

11 Encryption and Compression
Bitlocker on parent partition supported Encrypted File System (EFS) Not supported on parent partition Supported in Virtual Machines NTFS Compression (Parent partition) Allowed in Windows Server 2008 Blocked in Windows Server 2008 R2 Can run EFS in guest though

12 Hyper-V Storage & Pass Through…
Step by Step Instructions

13 Hyper-V Storage... Performance wise from fastest to slowest…
Fixed Disk VHDs/Pass Through Disks The same in terms of performance with R2 Dynamically Expanding VHDs Grow as needed Pass Through Disks Pro: VM writes directly to a disk/LUN without encapsulation in a VHD Cons: You can’t use VM snapshots Dedicating a disk to a vm

14 More Hyper-V Storage Hyper-V provides flexible storage options
DAS: SCSI, SATA, eSATA, USB, Firewire SAN: iSCSI, Fibre Channel, SAS High Availability/Live Migration Requires block based, shared storage Guest Clustering Via iSCSI only

15 VM Setting No Pass Through

16 Computer Management: Disk

17 Taking a disk offline

18 Disk is offline…

19 Pass Through Configured

20 Disk Types & Performance
Microsoft Internal Testing Using Hyper-V R2 RC Controller: LSI 8480E with 8 external SAS ports Disks: Fujitsu AMX3036RC SAS 15K 36.7Gb Raid: RAID 0, 8 disks, 64K Stripe, Write Through, Read Ahead and Direct I/Os Benchmark: IOMeter ( )

21 Disk type comparison (Read)

22 Hyper-V R2 Fixed Disks Fixed Virtual Hard Disks (Write)
Windows Server 2008 R1: ~96% of native Windows Server 2008 R2: Equal to Native Fixed Virtual Hard Disks vs. Pass Through Windows Server 2008 R1: ~96% of pass-through

23 Hyper-V R2 Dynamic Disks
Massive Performance Boost 64 Sequential Write Windows Server 2008 R2: 94% of native Equal to Hyper R1 Fixed Disks 4k Random Write Windows Server 2008 R2: 85% of native

24 Disk layout - FAQ Assuming Integration Services are installed:
Do I Use IDE or SCSI? One IDE channel or two? One VHD per SCSI controller? Multiple VHDs on a single SCSI controller? R2: Can Hot Add VHD’s to Virtual SCSI… Doesn’t take into account need for hot-add

25 Disk layout - results =

26 Differencing VHDs Performance vs chain length

27 Passthrough Disks When to use
Performance is not the only consideration If you need support for Storage Management software Backup & Recovery applications which require direct access to disk VSS/VDS providers Allows VM to communicate via inband SCSI unfiltered (application compatibility)

28 Storage Device Ecosystem
Storage Device support maps to same support as exists in physical servers Advanced scenarios: Live Migration require shared storage Hyper-V supports both Fibre Channel & iSCSI SANs connected from parent Fibre Channel SANs still represent largest install base for SANs and high usage with Virtualization Live Migration is supported with storage arrays which have obtained the Designed for Windows Logo and which pass Cluster Validation

29 Storage Hardware & Hyper-V
Storage Hardware that is qualified with Windows Server is qualified for Hyper-V Applies to running devices from Hyper-V parent Storage devices qualified for Server 2008 R2 are qualified with Server 2008 R2 Hyper-V No additional storage device qualification for Hyper-V = R2

30 SAN Boot and Hyper-V Booting Hyper-V Host from SAN is supported
Fibre Channel or iSCSI from parent Booting child VM from SAN supported using iSCSI boot with PXE solution (ex: emBoot/Doubletake) Must use legacy NIC Native VHD boot Boot physical system from local VHD is new feature in Server 2008 R2 Booting a VHD located on SAN (iSCSI or FC) not currently supported (considering for future)

31 iSCSI Direct Microsoft iSCSI Software initiator runs transparently from within the VM VM operates with full control of LUN LUN not visible to parent iSCSI initiator communicates to storage array over TCP stack Best for application transparency LUNs can be hot added & hot removed without requiring reboot of VM (2008 and 2008 R2) VSS hardware providers run transparently within the VM Backup/Recovery runs in the context of VM Enables guest clustering scenario

32 High Speed Storage & Hyper-V
Larger virtualization workloads require higher throughput True for all scenarios VHD Passthrough iSCSI Direct Fibre Channel 8 gig & 10 Gig iSCSI will become more common As throughput grows, requirements to support higher IO to disks also grows Ping –n 1 –l

33 High Speed Storage & Hyper-V
Customers concerned about performance should not use a single 1 Gig Ethernet NIC port to connect to iSCSI storage Multiple NIC ports & aggregate throughput using MPIO or MCS is recommended The Microsoft iSCSI Software Initiator performs very well at 10 Gig wire speed 10Gig Ethernet adoption is ramping up Driven by increasing use of virtualization Fibre Channel 8 gig & 10 Gig iSCSI becoming more common As throughput grows, requirements to support IO to disks also grows Ping –n 1 –l

34 Jumbo Frames Offers significant performance for TCP connections including iSCSI Max frame size 9K Reduces TCP/IP overhead by up to 84% Must be enabled at all end points (switches, NICs, target devices Virtual switch is defined as an end point Virtual NIC is defined as an end point Max frame size 1500 Increase x 6 - 9K TCP & IP overhead is still same number of bytes Overhead reduced to 1/6 of  84%

35 Jumbo Frames in Hyper-V R2
Added support in virtual switch Added support in virtual NIC Integration components required How to validate if jumbo frames is configured end to end Ping –n 1 –l 8000 –f (hostname) -l (length) -f (don’t fragment packet into multiple Ethernet frames) -n (count) Ping –n 1 –l

36 Windows* 2008 Hyper-V Network I/O Path
NIC TCP/IP VM1 VM NIC1 VM2 VM NIC2 Port 2 Port 1 Routing VLAN Filtering Data Copy Miniport Driver Management OS Virtual Machine Switch VMBus Ethernet Data packets get sorted and routed to respective VMs by the VM Switch

37 Windows Server 2008 R2 VMQ NIC TCP/IP VM1 VM NIC1 VM2 VM NIC2 Port 2 Port 1 Routing VLAN Filtering Data Copy Miniport Driver Management OS Virtual Machine Switch VM Bus Ethernet Switch/Routing Unit Default Queue Q2 Q1 Data packets get sorted into multiple queues in the Ethernet Controller based on MAC Address and/or VLAN tags Sorted and queued data packets are then routed to the VMs by the VM Switch Enables the data packets to DMA directly into the VMs Removes data copy between the memory of the Management OS and the VM’s memory

38 Intel tests with Microsoft VMQ
Source: Microsoft Lab, Mar 2009 More than 25% throughput gain with VMDq/VMQ as VMs scale Quad core Intel® server, Windows* 2008 R2 Beta, ntttcp benchmark, standard frame size (1500 bytes) Intel® Gigabit Ethernet Controller Near line rate throughput with VMDq for 4 VMs Throughput increase from 5.4Gbps to 9.3Gbps *Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others.

39 4/6/2017 Hyper-V Performance Improvements For virtual network interface and iSCSI in Windows 7 Hyper-V Parent R1/R2 Hyper-V 2008 R2 Child RSS TCP Chimney TCP Chimney LSO V1 LSO V1 LSO V2 LSO V2 Jumbo Frames Performance Benefits For iSCSI Direct Connections Jumbo Frames MPIO & MCS MPIO & MCS © 2008 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries. The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.

40 Enterprise Storage Features
Performance Manageability Scalability iSCSI digest offload iSCSI Increased Performance MPIO New Load Balancing algorithm iSCSI Quick Connect Improved SAN Configuration and usability Storage Management support for SAS Storport support for >64 cores Scale up storage workload Improved scalability for iSCSI & Fibre Channel SANs Improved Solid State disk performance (70% reduction in latency) Automation Reliability Diagnosability MPIO Datacenter Automation MPIO automate setting default load balance policy Additional redundancy for Boot from SAN – up to 32 paths Storport error log extensions Multipath health & statistics reporting Configuration reporting for MPIO Configuration reporting for iSCSI

41 iSCSI Quick Connect New in Windows 7/Windows Server 2008 R2

42 High Availability with Hyper-V using MPIO & Fibre Channel SAN
4/6/ :33 AM High Availability with Hyper-V using MPIO & Fibre Channel SAN Clients In Hyper-V Fibre Channel LUNs Supported as Passthrough Disk Connect from parent, map to VM VM formats with NTFS VHD Connect from Hyper-V host Format with NTFS from host Create VHDs for each guest Windows Server Hosts Fabric/Fibre Channel Network Switches VHDs LUNs This presentation is for informational purposes only. Microsoft makes no warranties, express or implied, in this summary. © 2004 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.

43 MCS & MPIO with Hyper-V Provides High Availabilty to storage arrays
Especially important in virtualized environments to reduce single points of failure Load balancing & fail over using redundant HBAs, NICs, switches and fabric infrastructure Aggregates bandwidth to maximum performance MPIO supported with Fibre Channel , iSCSI, Shared SAS 2 Options for multi-pathing with iSCSI Multiple Connections per Session Microsoft MPIO (Multipathing Input/Output) Protects against loss of data path during firmware upgrades on storage controller

44 Configuring MPIO with Hyper-V
Connect from parent Applies to: Creating vhds for each VM Passthrough disks Additional sessions to target can also be added through MPIO directly from guest Additional connections can be added through MCS with iSCSI using iSCSI direct

45 iSCSI Perf Best Practices with Hyper-V
Standard Networking & iSCSI best practices apply Use Jumbo Frames Use Dedicated NIC ports for iSCSI traffic (Server to SAN) Multiple to scale Client  Server (LAN) Cluster heartbeat (if using cluster) Hyper-V Management

46 Hyper-V Enterprise Storage Testing Performance Configuration
Windows Server 2008 R2 Hyper-V Microsoft MPIO 4 Sessions 64K request size 100% read Microsoft iSCSI Software Initiator Intel 10 Gb/E NIC RSS enabled (applicable to parent only) Jumbo Frames (9000 byte MTU) LSO V2 (offloads packets up to 256K) LRO Hyper-V Server 2008 R2 NetApp FAS 3070 Ping –n 1 –l

47 Configuring Hyper-V for Networking & iSCSI

48 Hyper-V Networking Two 1 Gb/E physical network adapters at a minimum
One for management One (or more) for VM networking Dedicated NIC(s) for iSCSI Connect parent to back-end management network Only expose guests to internet traffic

49 Hyper-V Network Configurations
Example 1: Physical Server has 4 network adapters NIC 1: Assigned to parent partition for management NICs 2/3/4: Assigned to virtual switches for virtual machine networking Storage is non-iSCSI such as: Direct attach SAS or Fibre Channel

50 Hyper-V Setup & Networking 1

51 Hyper-V Setup & Networking 2

52 Hyper-V Setup & Networking 3

53 Each VM on its own Switch…
4/6/ :33 AM Each VM on its own Switch… Parent Partition Child Partitions VM Service WMI Provider VM Worker Processes Applications Applications Applications User Mode Windows Server 2008 VM 1 VM 2 VM 3 Windows Kernel VSP VSC Windows Kernel VSC Linux Kernel VSC Kernel Mode VMBus VMBus VMBus VMBus Windows hypervisor Ring -1 “Designed for Windows” Server Hardware Mgmt NIC 1 VSwitch 1 NIC 2 VSwitch 2 NIC 3 VSwitch 3 NIC 4 MICROSOFT CONFIDENTIAL © 2007 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries. The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.

54 Hyper-V Network Configurations
Example 2: Server has 4 physical network adapters NIC 1: Assigned to parent partition for management NIC 2: Assigned to parent partition for iSCSI NICs 3/4: Assigned to virtual switches for virtual machine networking

55 Hyper-V Setup, Networking & iSCSI

56 “Designed for Windows” Server Hardware
4/6/ :33 AM Now with iSCSI… Parent Partition Child Partitions VM Service WMI Provider VM Worker Processes Applications Applications Applications User Mode Windows Server 2008 VM 1 VM 2 VM 3 Windows Kernel VSC Windows Kernel VSC Linux Kernel VSC VSP Kernel Mode VMBus VMBus VMBus VMBus Windows hypervisor Ring -1 “Designed for Windows” Server Hardware Mgmt NIC 1 iSCSI NIC 2 VSwitch 2 NIC 3 VSwitch 3 NIC 4 MICROSOFT CONFIDENTIAL © 2007 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries. The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.

57 Networking: Parent Partition

58 Networking: Virtual Switches

59 New in R2: Core Deployment
There’s no GUI in a Core Deployment, how do I configure which NICs are bound to switches or kept separate for the parent partition?

60 No Problem… Hyper-V R2 Manager includes option to set bindings per virtual switch…

61 Hyper-V Enterprise SAN Customer Deployments
4/6/ :33 AM Hyper-V Enterprise SAN Customer Deployments Microsoft Confidential © 2007 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries. The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.

62 NetApp® Fabric-Attached Storage
4/6/ :33 AM Avanade Platform Windows® Server 2008 Hyper-V™ Microsoft MPIO Microsoft iSCSI Software Initiator Failover Cluster Applications Virtualized Team Foundation Server System Center Operations Manager 2007 Windows® Server 2008 Terminal Services Impetus for Change Flexibility for Disaster Recovery Time savings – needed ability to add servers quickly, rather than over weeks Space is expensive – needed scalable solution without using as much space Going green – computing power per watt Much more efficient use of physical resources Benefits 51% space savings with de-duplication 250GB capacity saved without code update Auto-provisioning Highly available virtual machines Great performance with Hyper-V and NetApp 1 Gbit/s LAN Production VMs 4-Node Hyper-V Cluster iSCSI SAN NetApp® Fabric-Attached Storage (FAS) System “Hyper-V allows us to provision new servers quickly and more efficiently utilize hardware resources. Using Hyper-V with our existing NetApp infrastructure provided a cost-effective and flexible solution without sacrificing performance.” — Andy Schneider, infrastructure architect, Avanade This presentation is for informational purposes only. Microsoft makes no warranties, express or implied, in this summary. © Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.

63 Lionbridge Technologies iSCSI/Fibre Channel
4/6/ :33 AM Lionbridge Technologies iSCSI/Fibre Channel Applications Used Microsoft SQL Server/ Microsoft Exchange Server Microsoft File Shares Windows Server 2008 Components Microsoft iSCSI Software Initiator Failover Clustering Hyper-V Microsoft MPIO FalconStor MPIO DSM Pain Points Single Protocol / Single SAN Vendor Lock-In Lack of Mirroring, Snapshot, Replication across any SAN regardless of protocol Solution Microsoft Windows 2008 iSCSI hosts with Hyper-V with Failover Clustering and Microsoft MPIO SAN Gateway with Snapshot, Mirroring and Sub-block Replication Benefits Ability to deploy Multi-Site Clustering Multiple SAN Vendors Global IT – Windows Server 2008 Hyper-V ISCSI SAN SQL Server Windows Server 2008 Failover Cluster MS Exchange 2007 on Windows Server File Shares 300+ Hyper-V Virtual Machines iSCSI Fibre Channel SAN SAN Gateway “Hyper-V has allowed us to consolidate 300+ servers to virtual machines. This configuration when combined with Microsoft’s iSCSI, Fibre Channel and multipathing support provides great flexibility in storage options. We chose FalconStor’s SAN Gateway which enables advanced storage features to be used with any SAN storage and our iSCSI based virtual machines” — Frank Smith, Sr. Systems Engineer This presentation is for informational purposes only. Microsoft makes no warranties, express or implied, in this summary. © Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.

64 Indiana University: Auxiliary Information Technology Fibre Channel SAN
4/6/ :33 AM Indiana University: Auxiliary Information Technology Fibre Channel SAN Applications Internet Information Server 6.0/7.0 (IIS) SQL Server 2005/2008 File and Print Services Team Foundation Server Pain Points Cost of managing DAS storage Time to provision new servers Insufficient restore times with bare metal recovery Server Utilization and Legacy Hardware Solution 90% virtualized DC with Hyper-V Microsoft MPIO Microsoft Failover Clustering Consolidated on Compellent Storage Center Benefits Fully virtualized Server and Storage Ease and speed of deployment Energy savings with server and storage Shared Storage and reduced footprint Hyper-V Hosts Windows 2008 File Servers SQL Server on Windows Server 2008 Fibre Channel Switch With 4GB Dual Path HBAs This presentation is for informational purposes only. Microsoft makes no warranties, express or implied, in this summary. © Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.

65 Jackson Energy Authority iSCSI SAN
4/6/ :33 AM Jackson Energy Authority iSCSI SAN Applications Used Exchange, SharePoint, Dynamics Windows Server 2003 / 2008 / Hyper-V Terminal Services Windows Server 2008 components Microsoft iSCSI Software Initiator Microsoft MPIO Pain Points High growth and change No disaster protection Poor storage utilization Complex storage management Solution Windows Server 2008 iSCSI hosts 30TB iSCSI SAN with MPIO load balancing Lefthand MPIO DSM Two storage pools: SAS and SATA Multi-site SAN between two sites Benefits High availability across sites Reduced storage management costs Increased flexibility in dealing with change and growth Highly Available Terminal Server Infrastructure SharePoint Server Farm Terminal Server – SITE A Terminal Server – SITE B Exchange Mail Servers iSCSI SAN Switched Gb-Ethernet Dynamics Multi-Site iSCSI SAN “When combining Hyper-V, and native Server 2008 technologies such as Microsoft MPIO and the Microsoft iSCSI software initiator, our administration was greatly simplified.” — Michael Johnston, VP of Information Technology SITE A SITE B This presentation is for informational purposes only. Microsoft makes no warranties, express or implied, in this summary. © Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.

66 Virtualization Performance iSCSI SAN
4/6/ :33 AM Virtualization Performance iSCSI SAN Pain Points Capital Expenditures Rising Datacenter Costs Power, Cooling, and floor space Backup and Disaster Recovery Disk Utilization Solution iSCSI SAN consolidation Microsoft iSCSI Software Initiator Microsoft MPIO Windows Server 2008 Hyper-V Benefits Reduced Capital Expenditures Controlled Datacenter costs Increased Storage capacity to 15TB Can failover to DR site quickly Sales SQL Database VM Exchange Mail Server VM File Server VM Windows Server 2008 + Hyper-V iSCSI SAN Switched Gb-Ethernet iStor iSCSI Disk Arrays “An iSCSI SAN allowed us to control costs and deliver better services to our clients.” — Stephen Ames, Virtualization Performance This presentation is for informational purposes only. Microsoft makes no warranties, express or implied, in this summary. © Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.

67 Microsoft Hyper-V Server V2
4/6/ :33 AM Microsoft Hyper-V Server V2 © 2007 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries. The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.

68 Microsoft Hyper-V Server V2 New Features
Live Migration High Availability New Processor Support Second Level Address Translation Core Parking Networking Enhancements TCP/IP Offload Support VMQ & Jumbo Frame Support Hot Add/Remove virtual storage Enhancements to SCONFIG Enhanced scalability

69 Manage Remotely… 4/6/2017 11:33 AM
© 2007 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries. The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.

70 Hyper-V Server V1 vs. V2 Microsoft Hyper-V Server 2008
Microsoft Hyper-V Server V2 Processor Support Up to 4 processors Up to 8 processors Physical Memory Support Up to 32 GB Up to 1 TB Virtual Machine Memory Support Up to 32 GB total (e.g GB VMs or 5 6 GB VMs) 64 GB of memory per VM Live Migration No Yes High Availability Management Options Free Hyper-V Manager MMC SCVMM

71 Live Migration $$ Comparison
Hyper-V Server R2 VMware vSphere 3 Node Cluster 2 Socket Servers Free $13,470 4 Socket Servers $26,940 5 Node Cluster $22,450 $44,900 For $500 add VMM 2008 R2 (Workgroup Edition) to manage MS Hyper-V Server R2: Physical to Virtual Conversion (P2V); Quick Storage Migration; Library Management; Heterogeneous Management; PowerShell Automation; Self-Service Portal and more…

72 Best Practices & Tips and Tricks

73 Deployment Considerations
Minimize risk to the Parent Partition Use Server Core Don’t run arbitrary apps, no web surfing Run your apps and services in guests Moving VMs from Virtual Server to Hyper-V FIRST: Uninstall the VM Additions Two physical network adapters at a minimum One for management (use a VLAN too) One (or more) for vm networking Dedicated iSCSI NICs Connect to back-end management network Only expose guests to internet traffic

74 Don't forget the ICs! Emulated vs. VSC

75 Cluster Hyper-V Servers
4/6/ :33 AM Cluster Hyper-V Servers © 2006 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries. The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.

76 Live Migration/HA Best Practices
Cluster Nodes: Hardware with Windows Logo + Failover Cluster Configuration Program (FCCP) Storage: Cluster Shared Volumes Storage with Windows Logo + FCCP Multi-Path IO (MPIO) is your friend… Networking: Standardize the names of your virtual switches Multiple Interfaces CSV uses separate network Use ISOs not physical CD/DVDs You can’t Live Migrate a VM that has a physical DVD attached!

77 More… Mitigate Bottlenecks VHD Compaction/Expansion Use .isos
Processors Memory Storage Don't run everything off a single spindle… Networking VHD Compaction/Expansion Run it on a non-production system Use .isos Great performance Can be mounted and unmounted remotely Having them in SCVMM Library fast & convenient

78 Creating Virtual Machines
Use SCVMM Library Steps: Create virtual machine Install guest operating system Install integration components Install anti-virus Install management agents SYSPREP Add it to the VMM Library Windows Server 2003 Creat vms using 2-way to ensure an MP HAL

79 Conclusions Significant performance gains between Server 2008 and Server 2008 R2 for enterprise storage workloads Performance improvements in Hyper-V, MPIO, iSCSI, Core storage stack & Networking stack For general workloads with multiple VMs, performance delta is minimal between SCSI passthrough & VHD iSCSI Performance especially with iSCSI direct scenarios is vastly improved

80 Additional Resources Microsoft MPIO: http://www.microsoft.com/mpio
MPIO DDK MPIO DSM sample, interfaces and libraries will be included in Windows 7 DDK/SDK Microsoft iSCSI: iSCSI WMI Interfaces: Storport Website: Storport Documentation Windows Driver Kit MSDN: Microsoft Virtualization:

81 Additional Resouces Hyper-V Planning & Deployment Guide
Microsoft Virtualization Website

82 Partner References Intel: http://www.intel.com
Emulex: Alacritech: NetApp: 3Par: iStor: Lefthand Networks Doubletake: Compellent: Dell/Equallogic: Falconstor:

83 question & answer

84 Resources Required Slide Speakers, www.microsoft.com/teched
TechEd 2009 is not producing a DVD. Please announce that attendees can access session recordings at TechEd Online. Resources Sessions On-Demand & Community Microsoft Certification & Training Resources Resources for IT Professionals Resources for Developers Microsoft Certification and Training Resources

85 Complete an evaluation on CommNet and enter to win!
Required Slide Complete an evaluation on CommNet and enter to win!

86 Required Slide 4/6/ :33 AM © 2009 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries. The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION. © 2007 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries. The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.


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