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Solid Earth Tides ASEN 6090. Vertical Effect - over a month.

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Presentation on theme: "Solid Earth Tides ASEN 6090. Vertical Effect - over a month."— Presentation transcript:

1 Solid Earth Tides ASEN 6090

2 Vertical Effect - over a month


4 I used :

5 Everybody is used to the ocean tide. The pull of the Moon and the Sun on the ocean causes cyclic variations in local sea level that can exceed 10 meters in some places.What is less well known is that the Earth itself also responds to lunisolar gravitational attraction. The solid earth tide (body tide) often reaches +/- 20 cm, and can exceed 30 cm. While ocean tides can be easily measured relative to the solid Earth, solid earth tides are easily measured only with satellite systems or sensitive gravimeters. Also, the solid earth tide is a very smooth function around the Earth. For this reason, differential positioning systems, such as differential carrier phase GPS, can frequently ignore solid earth tide effects. Global geodetic networks and GPS carrier phase precise point positioning must include the effect of solid earth tide.

6 WES2 (outside Boston) vs USNO (Washington D.C.)


8 S emi-diurnal T idal constituentPeriodVertical amplitude (mm)Horizontal amplitude(mm) M212.421 hr384.8353.84 S212.000 hr179.0525.05 N212.658 hr73.6910.31 K211.967 hr48.726.82 Di urnal Ti dal constituentPeriodVertical amplitude (mm)Horizontal amplitude(mm) K1 2 3.934 hr191.7832.01 O1 2 5.819 hr158.1122.05 P1 2 4.066 hr70.8810.36 φ1 2 3.804 hr3.440.43 ψ1 2 3.869 hr2.720.21 S1 2 4.000 hr1.650.25 Lon g term Tid al constituentPeriodVertical amplitude (mm)Horizontal amplitude(mm) Mf1 3.661 days40.365.59 Mm2 7.555 days21.332.96 Ssa So lar semi-Annual0.50000 yr18.792.60 lunar node18.613 yr16.912.34 Sa S o lar Annual1.0000 yr2.970.41 00

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