Presentation on theme: "Tuesday 9/3/13 RAP –List 3 reasons why the colonists were upset with the British. Today: 1.RAP 2.Syria 3.Check questions on 3.1 --- Turn in 4.Declaration."— Presentation transcript:
Tuesday 9/3/13 RAP –List 3 reasons why the colonists were upset with the British. Today: 1.RAP 2.Syria 3.Check questions on Turn in 4.Declaration Visuals 5.Popcorn Declaration of Independence 6.Breakup letter with partner or by your self 7.Map due Thursday Objective: Describe reasons for wanting independence from Great Britain. Understand the consequences of claiming independence.
Today: 1.Open your textbook to page 61The Declaration of Independence. 2.Popcorn read Declaration of independence 3.Read Ch. 3.2 and answer questions on handout. 4.Work on map of Revolutionary War… Due Friday!
DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE Ch. 3.1: page 60 Popcorn read Second Continental Congress
Declaration of Independence by John Trumbull, 1817
Committee of Five present draft to John Hancock, the President of the Continental Congress John Adams Roger Sherman Robert Livingston Thomas Jefferson Benjamin Franklin Fifty Six men met in Philadelphia to discuss what to do.
Breaking down the Painting Flags on the wall are the flags of the colonies. The red cross in the upper left of each flag is the cross of St. George, which symbolizes the colonies allegiance to Great Britain. When Congress voted to declare independence, it officially broke this allegiance. Many people destroyed the flags with the British emblem after declaring independence.
Painting The drum on the wall symbolizes the state of war between the British and the colonies. Drums were used to keep the beat for marching soldiers. Committee that met in Philadelphia was largely composed of well-educated white men. People not represented: African Americans, women, working classes, Loyalists, and Native Americans. Voting rights at the time were generally extended only to white male property owners. Delegates spent much of the time discussing the merits of independence. There was a debate over whether a republic was preferable to a monarchy and heated discussion over whether to include in the Declaration an attack on the British slave trade. The clause was deleted by the Congress after it was acknowledged that much slave trading was being done by the colonies themselves, especially the southern ones.
Committee The knew they must remain unified. John Hancock and Benjamin Franklin aptly reflected this concern: Hancock: We must be unanimous; we must all hang together. Franklin: Yes, we must indeed all hang together, or most assuredly we shall all hang separately.
Concerns Another concern of the committee was whether it was to soon to declare independence. Reports of the arrival of more British troops less than 100 miles away added to the urgency of the situation. Meanwhile, George Washington was training an army to fight British forces, and fighting was breaking out in Boston, in Charleston, and Long Island.
The British government regarded the meeting of the committee as rash and impudent. They were surprised at how quickly the situation in the American colonies had changed. Recognizing that peaceful reconciliation was impossible, the British government committed to stopping the rebellion forcefully.
Popcorn Read the Declaration of Independence: pages 61-63
Sketch of founding fathers Make a simple sketch of Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Franklin, and John Hancock. Add thought bubbles emanating from each of these people. Use these prompts in the thought bubbles. –Why are you willing to sign the Declaration of Independence? –What do you think might happen once the king and Parliament read the Declaration of Independence? Write a caption for the drawing that includes the title of the event depicted in the image, the date and location of its occurrence.
What happened to the 56 men who signed the Declaration? Who were these "super-patriots"? Most were well-educated, prosperous businessmen and professionals. Two dozen were lawyers or judges; nine were farmers or plantation owners; eleven were merchants. Among them were also physicians, politicians, educators, and a minister; several were sons of pastors. Here is the documented fate of that gallant fifty-six. Carter Braxton of Virginia, a wealthy planter and trader saw his ships swept from the seas by the British Navy. He sold his home and properties to pay his debts and died in rags. Thomas Nelson, Jr., of Virginia, raised $2 million to supply our French allies by offering his property as collateral. Because he was never reimbursed by the struggling new government, he was unable to repay the note when it came due – wiping out his entire estate. In the final battle of Yorktown, Nelson urged George Washington to fire on his home as it was occupied by British General Cornwallis. Nelson's home was destroyed, leaving him bankrupt when he died. Thomas McKeam was so hounded by the British that he was forced to move his family almost constantly. He served in the congress without pay, and his family was kept in hiding. His possessions were taken from him, and poverty was his reward. Vandals and enemy soldiers looted the properties of Bartlett, Ellery, Clymer, Hall, Gwinnet, Walton, Heward, Rutledge, and Middleton; the latter four captured and imprisoned. Francis Lewis had his home and properties destroyed. The enemy jailed his wife, and she died within a few months.
After signing the Declaration, Richard Stockton, a State Supreme Court Justice, rushed back to his estate near Princeton in an effort to save his wife and children. Although he and his family found refuge with friends, a Tory betrayed him. Judge Stockton was pulled from bed in the night and beaten by British soldiers. Then he was jailed and deliberately starved. After his release, with his home burned and all of his possessions destroyed, he and his family were forced to live on charity. John Hart was driven from his wife's bedside as she was dying. Their thirteen children fled for their lives. His fields and his gristmill were laid to waste. For more than a year he lived in forests and caves, returning home to find his wife dead and his children vanished. A few weeks later he died from exhaustion and a broken heart Lewis Morris and Philip Livingston suffered fates similar to Hart's. John Hancock, one of the wealthiest men in New England, stood outside Boston one terrible evening of the war and said, "Burn, Boston, though it makes John Hancock a beggar, if the public good requires it." He lost most of his fortune during the war, having given over $100,000 to the cause of freedom. Caesar Rodney, Delaware statesman, was gravely ill with facial cancer. Unless he returned to England for treatment, his life would end. Yet Rodney sealed his fate by signing the Declaration of Independence. He was one of several who fulfilled their pledge with their lives. In all, five of the fifty-six were captured by the British and tortured. Twelve had their homes ransacked, looted, confiscated by the enemy, or burned to the ground. Seventeen lost their fortunes. Two lost their sons in the army; another had two sons captured. Nine of the fifty-six lost their lives in the war, from wounds or hardships inflicted by the enemy.
Declaration of Independence Popcorn read the Declaration of Independencepage 61. Explanation of Declaration and your explanation. –What were the three main parts to the Declaration of Independence? Part One: Part Two: Part Three: On the bottom portion of your paper relate it to something: example, Declaration of Independence = Breakup letter to Britain. Part 1:We dont want to be with you, you dont treat us right, we are sick of your attitude and taking advantage of us. Part 2: list of 27 reasons why we want to break up *if you ever have 27 reasons to break up with anyone---go! Part 3: We are done! Lose my phone number! Hast luego, ciao
Wednesday 9/4/13 RAP: --When do we celebrate Independence day? --What year did the war with British begin? (3.1) --What date did most of the Continental Congress sign the Declaration of Independence? TODAY: --CE Presentations --Syria vs. Colonists --Finish Break up letter-15 min. ----work on map of Revolutionary War
Syria vs. Colonists SyriaColonists What advice would you give the Syrian rebels? Compare the rebels in Syria with the rebels in the colonies.
Open your textbook to Ch. 3.2: page 66 As you read Ch. 3.2 on War for Independence please answer the questions on the handout. –Think about what it would have been like to live during this time. Work on your map if you are finished with the reading. (Page 67) –Map due FRIDAY!