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How did Mussolini set up a one party state?. Ideas so far? How could one set up a single party state?

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Presentation on theme: "How did Mussolini set up a one party state?. Ideas so far? How could one set up a single party state?"— Presentation transcript:

1 How did Mussolini set up a one party state?

2 Ideas so far? How could one set up a single party state?

3 An absurd little man Mussolini becomes Prime Minister in 1922 at the age of 39 (the youngest Italian Prime Minister at the time) Mussolini becomes Prime Minister in 1922 at the age of 39 (the youngest Italian Prime Minister at the time) Once in power what steps did Mussolini take to secure a single party state? Once in power what steps did Mussolini take to secure a single party state? Acerbo law 1923Decree laws 1928 Acerbo law 1923Decree laws 1928 Squadristi / MVSN 1923Legge Fascistissme Squadristi / MVSN 1923Legge Fascistissme Censorship 1925Matteotti Affair 1924 Censorship 1925Matteotti Affair 1924 Trade unions (Wed)Cult of Mussolini (Wed) Trade unions (Wed)Cult of Mussolini (Wed) Did Mussolini achieve a revolution in government? (Wed) Did Mussolini achieve a revolution in government? (Wed)

4 So what did he do? From your spider diagram of potential actions / threats, show how he translated this into action e.g. censorship was enacted in 1925, removal of opposition includes the Matteotti Affair From your spider diagram of potential actions / threats, show how he translated this into action e.g. censorship was enacted in 1925, removal of opposition includes the Matteotti Affair You can add this to your spider diagram but you do need considerable detail for each point You can add this to your spider diagram but you do need considerable detail for each point Resources: Traynor pages (detail) Resources: Traynor pages (detail) Collins pages (overview) Collins pages (overview)

5 Recap What did Mussolini do to consolidate his power? What did Mussolini do to consolidate his power?

6 A Revolution in Government?

7 Corporativism Ambiguous use of syndicalism (Georges Sorel) but wasnt revolutionary. Tried to ease class relations. Ambiguous use of syndicalism (Georges Sorel) but wasnt revolutionary. Tried to ease class relations. Banned Soc. and Cath. Trade Unions Banned Soc. and Cath. Trade Unions Rocco Law 1926 – strikes and lock-outs banned; legally recognised Fascist syndicates Rocco Law 1926 – strikes and lock-outs banned; legally recognised Fascist syndicates Corporations or central liaison organs mediated between workers and employers (though not set up properly until 1934) Corporations or central liaison organs mediated between workers and employers (though not set up properly until 1934)

8 Political Parties Banned 1926 – Law for the Defence of the State Banned 1926 – Law for the Defence of the State Note shift towards authoritarianism after 1925 Note shift towards authoritarianism after 1925 Censorship – Press Law Censorship strengthened, some newspapers seized. Only registered journalists could write. Censorship – Press Law Censorship strengthened, some newspapers seized. Only registered journalists could write. Some newspapers remained e.g. Socialists Avanti and Communists LUnita but did not have much influence Some newspapers remained e.g. Socialists Avanti and Communists LUnita but did not have much influence

9 So how much control did Mussolini have? The Kings passivity, the impotence of the opposition parties and Mussolinis skilfull control of his own extremists meant that by late 1925 Italy had become, to some extent, a totalitarian state. - Traynor The Kings passivity, the impotence of the opposition parties and Mussolinis skilfull control of his own extremists meant that by late 1925 Italy had become, to some extent, a totalitarian state. - Traynor Everything within the State, nothing outside the State, nothing against the State. Everything within the State, nothing outside the State, nothing against the State. -Mussolini -Mussolini

10 Activity Add political parties, trade unions and censorship to your notes Add political parties, trade unions and censorship to your notes Do you think a revolution of government was achieved on the evidence so far? Do you think a revolution of government was achieved on the evidence so far? Look for evidence for both sides of the argument Look for evidence for both sides of the argument As we look at more elements of Mussolinis Italy we will develop the argument. As we look at more elements of Mussolinis Italy we will develop the argument.


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