Presentation on theme: "Populism “What you farmers need to do is raise less corn and more Hell!” -Mary Elizabeth Lease (1890) Populist Organizer."— Presentation transcript:
1Populism“What you farmers need to do is raise less corn and more Hell!”-Mary Elizabeth Lease (1890) Populist Organizer
2Populism:Political movement that tried to help the nation’s farmers rights and power against the elite.
3BackgroundDepression of 1890 was the worst in the United States up to that time.Farmers struggled due to:1) Mechanization: More machines=more debt2) New Land (on credit): more debt3) Specialization of crops: Farmers only raise one crops, but struggle if that crop does poorly4) Disasters: floods, insects, droughts
4The GrangeCooperative movement-farmers pooled their money to make shared purchases of machinery, supplies, insurance, etc.One of the largest: Colored Farmers Alliance (goal: education! This would make African-Americans more informed voters)Worked for pro farmer lawsEx. Interstate Commerce Act- regulated rates of railroads
5Populists and Free Silver Populists believed that this would solve the farmer’s problems (Populists urged Black & White farmers to work TOGETHER—they had similar problems; this dramatically increased lynchings).They wanted to use both silver and gold coins, thus increasing the amount of money in the countryAll money would be worthless, a situation that was bad for creditors (big banks) and good for debtors (farmers)
6A Populist President? William Jennings Bryan Ran as a Populist President in 1896 on platform of Free SilverBig business opposes his run, William McKinley and the Republicans win the white house & Populists fade away“You shall not press down upon the brow of labor this crown of thorns. You shall not crucify mankind upon across of gold”--W.J.Bryan
8The Wizard of OzWritten in 1900, The Wonderful Wizard of Oz is an allegory about the Populist movement.Frank Baum, the author, was a supporter of the Populist presidential candidate William Jennings Bryan
9The Wizard of Oz: Symbols Ruby slippers: In the book, the slippers are silver (magic of Free Silver)Yellow Brick Road: “Gold” is a danger for regular people like Dorothy.Oz: An abbreviation of ounce (the way gold is measured).
10Wizard of Oz: Characters Dorothy: Everyman. An innocent, Midwestern girl with traditional American values who can see what is really going on in Oz.Munchkins: The common people controlled by the Wicked Witch of the East (who represents the Eastern Industrialists, bankers and brokers on Wall Street).
11Wizard of Oz: Characters Scarecrow: The wise, but naïve western farmer, taken advantage of by the industrialists and bankers.Tinman: Dehumanized industrial worker.Cowardly Lion: William Jennings Bryan. All roar and no bite. Bryan was a pacifist.
12Wizard of Oz: Characters Toto: Temperance activists (allies of the Populists).Wicked Witch of the West: The industrial influence on the west and is destroyed by water (pure nature, a removal of machines).Wizard: President McKinley. A “puppet master” or all show with no substance.
13Wizard of Oz The Emerald City: Washington, DC Gilda the Good Witch: Factory and Farm Workers