Presentation on theme: " Political movement that tried to help the nation’s farmers rights and power against the elite."— Presentation transcript:
Political movement that tried to help the nation’s farmers rights and power against the elite.
Depression of 1890 was the worst in the United States up to that time. Farmers struggled due to: › 1) Mechanization: More machines=more debt › 2) New Land (on credit): more debt › 3) Specialization of crops: Farmers only raise one crops, but struggle if that crop does poorly › 4) Disasters: floods, insects, droughts
Cooperative movement-farmers pooled their money to make shared purchases of machinery, supplies, insurance, etc. One of the largest: Colored Farmers Alliance (goal: education! This would make African-Americans more informed voters) Worked for pro farmer laws › Ex. Interstate Commerce Act- regulated rates of railroads
Populists believed that this would solve the farmer’s problems (Populists urged Black & White farmers to work TOGETHER—they had similar problems; this dramatically increased lynchings). They wanted to use both silver and gold coins, thus increasing the amount of money in the country All money would be worthless, a situation that was bad for creditors (big banks) and good for debtors (farmers)
Ran as a Populist President in 1896 on platform of Free Silver Big business opposes his run, William McKinley and the Republicans win the white house & Populists fade away “You shall not press down upon the brow of labor this crown of thorns. You shall not crucify mankind upon across of gold”-- W.J.Bryan W.J.Bryan
Written in 1900, The Wonderful Wizard of Oz is an allegory about the Populist movement. Frank Baum, the author, was a supporter of the Populist presidential candidate William Jennings Bryan
Ruby slippers: In the book, the slippers are silver (magic of Free Silver) Yellow Brick Road: “Gold” is a danger for regular people like Dorothy. Yellow Brick Road Oz: An abbreviation of ounce (the way gold is measured).
Dorothy: Everyman. An innocent, Midwestern girl with traditional American values who can see what is really going on in Oz. Dorothy Munchkins: The common people controlled by the Wicked Witch of the East (who represents the Eastern Industrialists, bankers and brokers on Wall Street). Munchkins
Scarecrow: The wise, but naïve western farmer, taken advantage of by the industrialists and bankers. Scarecrow Tinman: Dehumanized industrial worker. Tinman Cowardly Lion: William Jennings Bryan. All roar and no bite. Bryan was a pacifist. Cowardly Lion
Toto: Temperance activists (allies of the Populists). Wicked Witch of the West: The industrial influence on the west and is destroyed by water (pure nature, a removal of machines). Wicked Witch of the West water Wizard: President McKinley. A “puppet master” or all show with no substance. Wizard
The Emerald City: Washington, DC Gilda the Good Witch: Factory and Farm Workers Gilda the Good Witch