Presentation on theme: "Populism “What you farmers need to do is raise less corn and more Hell!” -Mary Elizabeth Lease (1890) Populist Organizer."— Presentation transcript:
1 Populism“What you farmers need to do is raise less corn and more Hell!”-Mary Elizabeth Lease (1890) Populist Organizer
2 Populism:Political movement that tried to help the nation’s farmers rights and power against the elite.
3 BackgroundDepression of 1890 was the worst in the United States up to that time.Farmers struggled due to:1) Mechanization: More machines=more debt2) New Land (on credit): more debt3) Specialization of crops: Farmers only raise one crops, but struggle if that crop does poorly4) Disasters: floods, insects, droughts
4 The GrangeCooperative movement-farmers pooled their money to make shared purchases of machinery, supplies, insurance, etc.One of the largest: Colored Farmers Alliance (goal: education! This would make African-Americans more informed voters)Worked for pro farmer lawsEx. Interstate Commerce Act- regulated rates of railroads
5 Populists and Free Silver Populists believed that this would solve the farmer’s problems (Populists urged Black & White farmers to work TOGETHER—they had similar problems; this dramatically increased lynchings).They wanted to use both silver and gold coins, thus increasing the amount of money in the countryAll money would be worthless, a situation that was bad for creditors (big banks) and good for debtors (farmers)
6 A Populist President? William Jennings Bryan Ran as a Populist President in 1896 on platform of Free SilverBig business opposes his run, William McKinley and the Republicans win the white house & Populists fade away“You shall not press down upon the brow of labor this crown of thorns. You shall not crucify mankind upon across of gold”--W.J.Bryan
8 The Wizard of OzWritten in 1900, The Wonderful Wizard of Oz is an allegory about the Populist movement.Frank Baum, the author, was a supporter of the Populist presidential candidate William Jennings Bryan
9 The Wizard of Oz: Symbols Ruby slippers: In the book, the slippers are silver (magic of Free Silver)Yellow Brick Road: “Gold” is a danger for regular people like Dorothy.Oz: An abbreviation of ounce (the way gold is measured).
10 Wizard of Oz: Characters Dorothy: Everyman. An innocent, Midwestern girl with traditional American values who can see what is really going on in Oz.Munchkins: The common people controlled by the Wicked Witch of the East (who represents the Eastern Industrialists, bankers and brokers on Wall Street).
11 Wizard of Oz: Characters Scarecrow: The wise, but naïve western farmer, taken advantage of by the industrialists and bankers.Tinman: Dehumanized industrial worker.Cowardly Lion: William Jennings Bryan. All roar and no bite. Bryan was a pacifist.
12 Wizard of Oz: Characters Toto: Temperance activists (allies of the Populists).Wicked Witch of the West: The industrial influence on the west and is destroyed by water (pure nature, a removal of machines).Wizard: President McKinley. A “puppet master” or all show with no substance.
13 Wizard of Oz The Emerald City: Washington, DC Gilda the Good Witch: Factory and Farm Workers