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 Political movement that tried to help the nation’s farmers rights and power against the elite.

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Presentation on theme: " Political movement that tried to help the nation’s farmers rights and power against the elite."— Presentation transcript:

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2  Political movement that tried to help the nation’s farmers rights and power against the elite.

3  Depression of 1890 was the worst in the United States up to that time.  Farmers struggled due to: › 1) Mechanization: More machines=more debt › 2) New Land (on credit): more debt › 3) Specialization of crops: Farmers only raise one crops, but struggle if that crop does poorly › 4) Disasters: floods, insects, droughts

4  Cooperative movement-farmers pooled their money to make shared purchases of machinery, supplies, insurance, etc.  One of the largest: Colored Farmers Alliance (goal: education! This would make African-Americans more informed voters)  Worked for pro farmer laws › Ex. Interstate Commerce Act- regulated rates of railroads

5  Populists believed that this would solve the farmer’s problems (Populists urged Black & White farmers to work TOGETHER—they had similar problems; this dramatically increased lynchings).  They wanted to use both silver and gold coins, thus increasing the amount of money in the country  All money would be worthless, a situation that was bad for creditors (big banks) and good for debtors (farmers)

6  Ran as a Populist President in 1896 on platform of Free Silver  Big business opposes his run, William McKinley and the Republicans win the white house & Populists fade away  “You shall not press down upon the brow of labor this crown of thorns. You shall not crucify mankind upon across of gold”-- W.J.Bryan W.J.Bryan

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8  Written in 1900, The Wonderful Wizard of Oz is an allegory about the Populist movement.  Frank Baum, the author, was a supporter of the Populist presidential candidate William Jennings Bryan

9  Ruby slippers: In the book, the slippers are silver (magic of Free Silver)  Yellow Brick Road: “Gold” is a danger for regular people like Dorothy. Yellow Brick Road  Oz: An abbreviation of ounce (the way gold is measured).

10  Dorothy: Everyman. An innocent, Midwestern girl with traditional American values who can see what is really going on in Oz. Dorothy  Munchkins: The common people controlled by the Wicked Witch of the East (who represents the Eastern Industrialists, bankers and brokers on Wall Street). Munchkins

11  Scarecrow: The wise, but naïve western farmer, taken advantage of by the industrialists and bankers. Scarecrow  Tinman: Dehumanized industrial worker. Tinman  Cowardly Lion: William Jennings Bryan. All roar and no bite. Bryan was a pacifist. Cowardly Lion

12  Toto: Temperance activists (allies of the Populists).  Wicked Witch of the West: The industrial influence on the west and is destroyed by water (pure nature, a removal of machines). Wicked Witch of the West water  Wizard: President McKinley. A “puppet master” or all show with no substance. Wizard

13  The Emerald City: Washington, DC  Gilda the Good Witch: Factory and Farm Workers Gilda the Good Witch


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