Presentation on theme: "C-Notes: HIV/AIDS and STDs Stnd: 5.4 G 02/27/2014 Objective: SWBAT identify the different symptoms related to HIV/AIDs and STDs."— Presentation transcript:
C-Notes: HIV/AIDS and STDs Stnd: 5.4 G 02/27/2014 Objective: SWBAT identify the different symptoms related to HIV/AIDs and STDs
What are some Ground Rules? We are about to spend 6 lessons on prevention of the spread of HIV/AIDS and other STD’s. Ground Rules 1.One person speaks at a time (raise your hand) 2.No Putdowns (Respect differences) 3.No dumb questions 4.Don’t use names to tell a story 5.Classroom discussions are confidential
What is HIV? (Human Immunodefi ciency Virus) A Virus that causes AIDS. HIV weakens several organ systems and destroys the body’s immune system, making it easier for life- threatening opportunistic infections and cancers to invade the body
1.Blood 2.Breast milk 3.Semen & Pre-seminal fluid (pre-cum) 4.Vaginal fluid These 4 fluids can transmit HIV into a person’s bloodstream through 4 commonly openings: 1.Mouth 2.genitals (vagina & penis) 3.anus 4.breaks in the skin Which body fluids can transmit HIV?
When an infected person’s blood, semen, or vaginal secretions come in contact with an uninfected person’s broken skin or mucous membranes. 1.Sex (anal, vaginal, or oral) 2.Sharing needles 3.HIV infected women to their babies before or during birth, or breast feeding after birth What are the most common ways that HIV is transmitte d??
What happens to the body when HIV enters the body? 1.HIV takes over the T cells (immune system fights back by producing antibodies) 2.T Cells becomes HIV factories Newly infected person may run a fever or experience flu-like symptoms during the first few days 3.HIV antibodies – are not detected for 3-6 months later – This is called the “Window Period” 4.AIDS is diagnosed later – can not be cured
How can you tell if you are infected with HIV? (symptoms) 1.Only way getting tested (do NOT rely on symptoms b/c it takes many years for symptoms to occur) Warning Signs: 1.Rapid weight loss 2.Dry cough 3.Swollen lymph glands in the armpit, groin, or neck 4.Diarrhea (lasting for more than a week) 5.White spots on the tongue, mouth or throat 6.Pneumonia 7.Red, brown, pinkish/purplish blotches on or under the skin or inside the mouth, nose, or eyelids 8.Memory loss, depression and other neurological disorders.
What is AIDS? (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) 1.A condition which limits the body’s ability to fight infections 2.Is a later stage of HIV, often occurring eight or more years after a person is infected with HIV
What is the worldwide AIDS pandemic? Centers of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC): 30.8 million adults and 2.5 million children in the world (Pandemic) 1.1 million people in the United States (Epidemic) 100,000 people diagnosed cases of AIDS in California
Is there a connection between HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases? Yes Having an STD can increase a person’s risk of becoming infected with HIV, whether the STD cause open sores, or breaks in the skin. (ex: herpes and syphilis) or does not cause breaks in the skin (chlamydia, gonorrhea)
What are STD’s? (Sexually Transmitted Disease) 1.Diseases that are spread during vaginal, anal, and/or oral sex Ex: 1.Pubic Lice 2.Chlamydia 3.Gonorrhea 4.Syphilis 5.Hepatitis A & C 6.Genital Herpes 7.HIV 8.HPV
You CANNOT get HIV from: 4a toilet seat 4being coughed or sneezed on 4sharing eating utensils 4living with someone who is HIV positive 4sharing a bathroom 4tears, saliva, or sweat 4casual contact
What are Pubic Lice? “Crabs” 1.Caused by External parasite that infests the pubic region Transmission – Close physical contact or using clothing, bedding or towel of an infected person Symptoms – Intense itching in genital or anal region where there is body hair Treatment – Curable with OTC shampoos and creams as well as washing all clothing and bedding
What is Chlamydia? Caused by Bacteria Treated with antibiotics Long term effects: (Not treated) 1.Women: Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), damage to reproductive organ, tubal (ectopic) pregnancies and infertility 2.Men: inflammation of testicles, prostate, and scrotum and infertility 3.Both: Arthritis Symptoms 1.Women (none): Unusual discharge from vagina, abdominal and urination pain, and vaginal bleeding 2.Men(2- 6weeks): Burning when urinating and clear-to-white discharge **Many infected individuals do not have any symptoms** Chlamydia: Clear or milky urethral discharge may be a symptom of chlamydia in men. Although chlamydia is usually asymptomatic in women, it may present with inflammation of the cervix.
What is Gonorrhea? 1.Caused by Bacteria Can be treated with antibiotics If untreated, may lead to infertility and damage to reproductive organs. Symptoms 1.Women (none): Thick discharge from vagina, abdominal and urination pain, pain during intercourse and/or vaginal bleeding 2.Men (2-7 days): Burning when urinating, testicular pain or swelling and thick, yellowish-green discharge **Many infected individuals do not have any symptoms**
What is Syphilis? 1.Caused by Bacteria Can be treated with antibiotics Symptoms (progresses in 4 stages) 1.1 st (10-14 days): Painless reddish brown sores that appears on the genital area called “chancres” 2.2 nd (Later): rashes, swollen joints, fever, and hair loss 3.3 rd (silent): no symptoms 4.4 th (after 1 st year): brain damage, heart disease, blindness, damage to spinal cord, and death
What are Genital Herpes? 1.Caused by Virus (Two types) 1.Herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) : cold sores 2.HSV-2: genital herpes ** May cause a single outbreak or recurrences over time** Recurrences are triggered by: Menstrual cycle (women) Stress Fever Intercourse Sun tanning Some meds Symptoms 1.Small painful blisters on sex organs that break into open sores 2.May have no symptoms 3.No cure. Symptoms can be treated with meds to reduce the outbreaks
What is Hepatitis B? 1.Caused by Virus that affects the liver Transmission 1.Infected blood through vaginal, anal and oral sex 2.Common from sharing toothbrush and razors from an infected person Symptoms (none) 1.50% of people has no symptoms but may include jaundice (yellowish skin and eyes), and flu-like symptoms 2.No CURE, but there is a vaccine to prevent infection.
What is HPV? (Human Papilloma Virus) 1.A Virus that causes genital warts and cervical cancer Symptoms 1.Small painless cauliflower-like bumps on sex organs and anus that can multiply quickly 2.Itchiness, discomfort and bleeding with intercourse 3.No cure. Can remove bump with creams, lasers, burns or freezing but the virus will still be under the tissue. (Vaccine for cervical cancer is available for females)