Presentation on theme: "C-Notes: Drug use and abuse Stnd: 1.5 A 04/03/2014 Objective: SWBAT identify the use and abuse of prescription, non- prescription and illegal substances."— Presentation transcript:
C-Notes: Drug use and abuse Stnd: 1.5 A 04/03/2014 Objective: SWBAT identify the use and abuse of prescription, non- prescription and illegal substances
Why do Drugs work? They resemble the chemicals produced naturally within the body. Drugs possess electrical charges and structures similar to the chemicals that occur naturally in our bodies
What are some types of drugs? Prescription – only from a Doctor. Over-the-counter (OTC) – at any stores Recreational – contain chemicals used to help people relax or socialize – Ex: Alcohol, tobacco, coffee, tea, and chocolate Herbal Preparations – products of plants that are believed to have medicinal properties Illegal – harmful – are psychoactive Commercial Preparations – Commonly used chemical substances, including cosmetics, household cleaning products and industrial by-products.
How are drugs administered? Oral/Ingestion (effetcs in 20 mins to 1 hour) – most common but slowest route Injection (effects in 3 mins) – Intramuscular (into muscle tissue) – Subcutaneous (into fat directly beneath skin) – Intravenous (into vein) – Into the blood vessels by a hypodermic needle Inhalation – Through the nostrils – Effects are often frequent, but do not last long Patch – Through the skin Suppository – Drugs mixed with a waxy medium to melt at body temperature – Inserted into the anus or vagina Topical Application – Applied to certain areas and absorbed into the skin
What is Drug Misuse? – The use of a drug for a purpose for which it was not intended.
What is Drug abuse? – The excessive use of any drug
What is Addiction? The continued use of a drug or activity despite ongoing negative consequences.
What are signs of Addiction? – Compulsion and obsession – Loss of control – Negative consequences Physical damage, legal trouble, financial problems, academic failure, or family issues – Denial