2 DIVISION OF POWERFederalism is the division of powers between National and regional (state) governmentsGovernment has a division of power: 3 types of powersEXPRESSED POWERS: spelled out in the Constitution. These powers are not debatable.IMPLIED POWERS: not spelled out in the Constitution. These are reasonably suggested.Necessary and proper clause: congress has the power to make all laws that are necessary and proper for AmericaINHERENT POWERS: powers that belong to the National government. Not expressly written but all National Governments have them
3 “IT IS MY INTENTION TO CURB THE SIZE AND INFLUENCE OF THE FEDERAL ESTABLISHMENT AND TO DEMAND RECOGNITION OF THE DISTINCTION BETWEEN THE POWERS GRANTED TO THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT AND THOSE RESERVED TO THE STATES OR TO THE PEOPLE. ALL OF US NEED TO BE REMINDED THAT THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT DID NOT CREATE THE UNITED STATES; THE STATES CREATED THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT.”– RONALD REAGAN
4 SUPREMACY CLAUSEUnited states ConstitutionActs of congress and treatiesState constitutionsState statutesThe supremacy Clause is the ‘linchpin of the Constitution’ It joins the National Government and the states into a Single Gov. unit.City and County Charters and Ordinances
5 Supremacy clause 1st example of the use of the Supremacy Clause: McCULLOCH vs MARYLAND: National law (Second bank of the U.S.) was challenged by state Law (tax on al notes issued)Supreme Court reversed the Maryland law (tax), awarding the national law the right to a Second national BankIf the Supreme Court didn’t play the role of Umpire, there would have been a Civil War early on!
6 LEVELS OF CONSCIOUSNESS WHAT DOES THIS CARTOON SUGGEST ABOUT THE RELATIVE IMPORTANCE OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT?FEDERALSTATELOCAL
7 COMPLETE THE FEDERALISM WORKSHEET. TOMORROW WE START CHAPTER 5 – PARTY POLITICS!!